Republic of Noli
|Republic of Noli|
Repubblica di Noli (Italian)
Coat of arms
Location of the Republic of Noli
|Common languages||Latin, Italian|
|Government||Aristocratic oligarchic republic (City-state) Podestà|
|Podestà as Head of state|
|Historical era||Middle Age, Renaissance, Early Modern Age|
|7 August 1192|
• Decreee by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
|7 August 1192|
|2 December 1797|
|18th century||4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)|
• 18th century
|Today part of||
Noli was founded in 1192. It survived for 605 years, before being annexed by Napoleon in 1797.
Despite its small size, Noli's good shipyard and harbor allowed them to become a commercial power. They had good trade relations with Genoa, as they only had to pay one penny to be allowed to trade in Genoa, whereas the Spanish had to pay 60 pennies to be allowed to trade.
Noli's efficient shipyard allowed them to become somewhat of a naval power, despite their small size. Their alliance with Genoa afforded them much protection, especially as Genoa used Noli's port to shelter their ships.
It is known that during a conflict with Savona, Noli sacked the town of Spotorno, which was owned by them, in 1227.
In 1202 Noli was threatened by Savona. In response to this Noli formed a confederation with the powerful Maritime Republic of Genoa. Noli kept this alliance until they were dissolved in 1797.
The flag of Noli was first created in the 13th century, with a white cross and a red background, the exact opposite of Genoa's flag. Many of the merchant ships of Noli chose to fly under the Genoese flag, as it commanded much more respect.
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- Facaros, Dana; Pauls, Michael (2006). Italian Riviera & Piemonte. London: Cadogan Guides. ISBN 9781860113086.
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