Regional council (Israel)

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Israel

Regional councils (plural: Hebrew: מוֹעָצוֹת אֵזוֹרִיּוֹת, Mo'atzot Azoriot[1] / singular: Hebrew: מוֹעָצָה אֵזוֹרִית, Mo'atza Azorit[2]) are one of the three types of local government entities found in Israel and the West Bank, with the other two being cities and local councils. As of 2003, there were 53 regional councils, usually responsible for governing a number of settlements spread across rural areas.[3][4] Regional councils include representation of anywhere between 3 and 54 communities, usually spread over a relatively large area within geographical vicinity of each other.[3]

Each community within a regional council usually does not exceed 2000 in population and is managed by a local committee. This committee sends representatives to the administering regional council proportionate to their size of membership and according to an index which is fixed before each election.[3] Those settlements without an administrative council do not send any representatives to the regional council, instead being dealt by it directly.[3] Representatives from those settlements which are represented directly are either chosen directly or through an election.[3] The predominant form of communities represented on regional councils are kibbutzim and moshavim.[5]

List of regional councils

The following sortable table lists all 53 regional councils by name, and the district or area according to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.[6]

The list includes the regional councils in the Golan Heights and the West Bank, areas considered occupied territories under international law,[7][8][9][10] although the Israeli government disputes this.[11]

CouncilLinkDistrict
al-Batuf Regional CouncilNorth
al-Kasom Regional CouncilSouth
Alona Regional CouncilHaifa
Be'er Tuvia Regional CouncilSouth
Bnei Shimon Regional CouncilSouth
Brenner Regional CouncilCenter
Bustan al-Marj Regional CouncilNorth
Central Arava Regional CouncilSouth
Drom HaSharon Regional CouncilCenter
Eshkol Regional CouncilSouth
Lower Galilee Regional CouncilNorth
Upper Galilee Regional CouncilNorth
Gan Raveh Regional CouncilCenter
Gederot Regional CouncilCenter
Gezer Regional CouncilCenter
Gilboa Regional CouncilNorth
Golan Regional CouncilNorth
Gush Etzion Regional CouncilJudea and Samaria
Har Hebron Regional CouncilJudea and Samaria
Hefer Valley Regional Council (Emek Hefer)Center
Hevel Eilot Regional CouncilSouth
Hevel Modi'in Regional CouncilCenter
Hevel Yavne Regional CouncilCenter
Hof Ashkelon Regional CouncilSouth
Hof HaCarmel Regional CouncilHaifa
Hof HaSharon Regional CouncilCenter
Jezreel Valley Regional Council (Emek Yizreel)North
Northern Jordan Valley (Emek HaYarden)North
Southern Jordan Valley (Bik'at HaYarden)Judea and Samaria
Lakhish Regional CouncilSouth
Lev HaSharon Regional CouncilCenter
Lod Valley Regional Council (Emek Lod)Center
Ma'ale Yosef Regional CouncilNorth
Mateh Asher Regional CouncilNorth
Mateh Binyamin Regional CouncilJudea and Samaria
Mateh Yehuda Regional CouncilJerusalem
Megiddo Regional CouncilNorth
Megilot Regional CouncilJudea and Samaria
Menashe Regional CouncilHaifa
Merhavim Regional CouncilSouth
Merom HaGalil Regional CouncilNorth
Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional CouncilNorth
Misgav Regional CouncilNorth
Nahal Sorek Regional CouncilCenter
Neve Midbar Regional CouncilSouth
Ramat Negev Regional CouncilSouth
Sdot Negev Regional Council (Azata)South
Sha'ar HaNegev Regional CouncilSouth
Shafir Regional CouncilSouth
Shomron Regional CouncilJudea and Samaria
Tamar Regional CouncilSouth
Valley of Springs Regional CouncilNorth
Yoav Regional CouncilSouth
Zevulun Regional CouncilHaifa

Former regional councils

Council District
Abu Basma Regional CouncilSouth
Central Sharon Regional Council
Ef'al Regional CouncilTel Aviv
Ga'aton Regional CouncilNorth
Hadar HaSharon Regional CouncilCenter
Hof Aza Regional CouncilSouth
Kiryat Ono Regional Council
Mif'alot Afek Regional Council
Na'aman Regional CouncilNorth
Northern Sharon Regional CouncilCenter
Sulam Tzur Regional CouncilNorth
Tel Mond Regional Council
Yarkon Regional Council

See also

References

  1. https://milog.co.il/מוֹעָצוֹת_אֵזוֹרִיּוֹת
  2. https://milog.co.il/מוֹעָצוֹת_אֵזוֹרִיּוֹת
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Herzog, Hanna. Gendering Politics: Women in Israel. University of Michigan Press. p. 22.
  4. Mahler, Gregory S. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 229.
  5. Troen, Selwyn Ilan; Noah Lucas. Israel: The First Decade of Independence. SUNY Press. p. 496.
  6. "Table 2.13 - Localities and Population, by Municipal Status and District". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
  7. Resolution 446, Resolution 465, Resolution 484, among others
  8. "Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories". United Nations. 17 December 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-27.
  9. "Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory". International Court of Justice. 9 July 2004. Retrieved 2006-09-27.
  10. "Implementation of the Fourth Geneva Convention in the occupied Palestinian territories: history of a multilateral process (1997-2001)". International Review of the Red Cross. International Committee of the Red Cross. 30 September 2002. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  11. "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
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