Ram Kumar (artist)
23 September 1924|
Shimla, Punjab, British India
(now Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India)
|Died||14 April 2018 93)(aged|
|Education||Sharada Ukil School of Art, New Delhi (1945)|
Ram Kumar (23 September 1924 – 14 April 2018) was an Indian artist and writer who has been described as one of India's foremost abstract painters. He was associated with the Progressive artist's group along with greats like M.F. Hussain, Tyeb Mehta, S.H. Raza. He is said to be one of the first Indian artists to give up figurativism for abstract art. His art commands high prices in the domestic and international market. His work "The Vagabond" fetched $1.1 million at Christie's, setting another world record for the artist. He is also one of the few Indian Modernist masters accomplished in writing as well as painting.
Early Life and education
Ram Kumar Verma was born in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh in a large middle-class family of eight brothers and sisters. His father was a government employee from Patiala in Punjab, India who worked in the Civil and Administrative Division in the British Government. While pursuing M.A. in Economics from St. Stephen's College, Delhi, he chanced upon an art exhibition in 1945. One evening, after "loitering" around Connaught Place with his friends from St Stephen's College, he landed up at an art exhibition.
Ram Kumar took classes at the Sharda Ukil School of Art under Sailoz Mukherjee and gave up employment at a bank in 1948 to pursue art. Sailoz Mukherjee was a painter from Shantiniketan School who introduced him to still life painting with live models. While a student there, he met Raza at an exhibition. Raza and Ram became good friends. He convinced his father to pay for a one-way ticket to Paris and studied further there under Andre Lhote and Fernand Léger. In Paris, the pacificist peace movement attracted him and he joined the French Communist Party. Seeking inspiration in the Social Realists such as Kathe and Fourgenon. He was befriended by S.H. Raza and MF Hussain who are two major artists.
Ram Kumar has participated in various exhibitions in and out of India, including the 1958 Venice Biennale and the Festival of India shows in the then USSR and Japan in 1987 and 1988. One of Ram Kumar's latest solo exhibition was in 2008 in Delhi. Ram Kumar also writes in Hindi and eight collections of his works have been published, as well as two novels and a travelogue.
The human condition is the main concern of the painter manifested in his early works by the alienated individual within the city. Later the city, specifically Varanasi with its dilapidated, crammed houses, conveys a sense of hopelessness. Increasingly abstract works done in sweeping strokes of paint evoke both exultation of natural spaces and more recently an incipient violence within human habitation.
Awards and honours
- John D. Rockefeller III Fellowship, New York, 1970
- Padmashree, Government of India, 1972
- Premchand Puraskar, Government of Uttar Pradesh, 1972
- Kalidas Samman, Government of Madhya Pradesh, 1986
- Officers Arts et Letters, Government of France, 2003
- Lifetime Achievement Award, Government of Delhi, 2010
- Padma Bhushan, Government of India, 2010
- Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi, 2011
- India Who's who 1995-96, p. 273
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- Lal, Sham; Gagan Gill (1996). Ram Kumar: a journey within. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 209. OCLC 36556291.
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- "True Colours". Indian Express. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
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- "Artist Profile". The Art Trust. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Treves, Toby (2006). Indian art: the moderns revisited, Volume 1. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 42. ISBN 978-81-87737-19-3.
- "Artistic intensity of an ascetic". Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- Kapur, Geeta (1978). Contemporary Indian artists. Vikas. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-7069-0527-4.
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- "Progressive artist's group". Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- Jachec, Nancy (2008). Politics and painting at the Venice Biennale, 1948–64: Italy and the idea of Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-7190-6896-6.
- Vishwambara, K. S. (1998). Movement in Indian art, a tribute. Karnataka Chitrakala Parishath. p. 91. OCLC 62857926.
- "A colourful friendship". Indian Express. 18 January 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- Kumar, Ram (2004). The face & other stories. Vadehra Art Gallery. p. 16. ISBN 978-81-87737-06-3.
- Lal, Sham (2003). Indian realities in bits and pieces. Rupa & Co. p. 513. ISBN 978-81-291-0247-8.
- "Breadth of lifescapes". The Hindu. 7 July 2002. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
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- "Doctors and artists in Delhi's Padma gallery". The Times of India. 26 January 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- Kumar "Artist Bio" Check
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