Provinces of Iran

Provinces of Iran
استان‌های ایران (in Persian)
Also known as:
Province
استان
Category Unitary state
Location Iran
Number 31 Provinces
Populations 557,599 (Ilam Province) – 12,183,391 (Tehran)
Areas 5,830 km2 (2,252 sq mi) (Alborz) – 181,790 km2 (70,188 sq mi) (Sistan and Baluchestan)
Government Provincal Government, National Government
Subdivisions Counties

Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (Persian: استان Ostān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: استاندار Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Modern history

Iran has held its modern territory since the Treaty of Paris in 1857. From 1906 until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[2]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[2]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2010 when the new Alborz Province was split from Teheran province, and before that in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was divided into three provinces.[3]

Current provinces

Province Capital Area[4] Population[5] Density Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
AlborzKaraj5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi)2,712,400413.6/km2 (1,071/sq mi)4Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province.
ArdabilArdabil17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi)1,270,42070.1/km2 (182/sq mi)9Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[6]
Azerbaijan, EastTabriz45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi)3,909,65282.3/km2 (213/sq mi)19
Azerbaijan, WestUrmia37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi)3,265,21978.8/km2 (204/sq mi)14During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[7]
BushehrBushehr22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi)1,163,40045.4/km2 (118/sq mi)9Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[2]
Chahar Mahaal and BakhtiariShahrekord16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi)947,76354.8/km2 (142/sq mi)6Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[8]
FarsShiraz122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi)4,851,27437.5/km2 (97/sq mi)23
GilanRasht14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi)2,530,696176.7/km2 (458/sq mi)16
GolestanGorgan20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi)1,868,81988.0/km2 (228/sq mi)11On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[2]
HamadanHamadan19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi)1,738,23490.8/km2 (235/sq mi)8Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]
HormozgānBandar Abbas70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi)1,776,41522.3/km2 (58/sq mi)11Originally part of Kerman province.[2] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[2]
IlamIlam20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi)580,15827.7/km2 (72/sq mi)7Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]
IsfahanIsfahan107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi)5,120,85045.6/km2 (118/sq mi)21In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
KermanKerman183,285 km2 (70,767 sq mi)3,164,71816.3/km2 (42/sq mi)14
KermanshahKermanshah24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi)1,952,43477.8/km2 (202/sq mi)13Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[2]
Khorasan, NorthBojnourd28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi)863,09230.5/km2 (79/sq mi)6On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
Khorasan, RazaviMashhad118,884 km2 (45,901 sq mi)6,434,50141.4/km2 (107/sq mi)29On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
Khorasan, SouthBirjand151,913 km2 (58,654 sq mi)768,8989.5/km2 (25/sq mi)8On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
KhuzestanAhvaz64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi)4,710,50967.8/km2 (176/sq mi)18
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-AhmadYasuj15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi)713,05242.5/km2 (110/sq mi)5Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[2]
KurdistanSanandaj29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi)1,603,01151.3/km2 (133/sq mi)9Originally part of Gilan province.[2]
LorestanKhorramabad28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi)1,760,64962.0/km2 (161/sq mi)9Originally part of Khuzestan province.[2]
MarkaziArak29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi)1,429,47548.5/km2 (126/sq mi)10Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
MazandaranSari23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi)3,283,582129.7/km2 (336/sq mi)15
QazvinQazvin15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi)1,273,76177.3/km2 (200/sq mi)5On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[2]
QomQom11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi)1,292,28399.9/km2 (259/sq mi)1Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[2]
SemnanSemnan97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi)702,3606.5/km2 (17/sq mi)4Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan180,726 km2 (69,779 sq mi)2,775,01413.9/km2 (36/sq mi)8Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[2]
Tehran Tehran18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi)13,267,637647.6/km2 (1,677/sq mi)13Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.
YazdYazd129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi)1,138,5338.3/km2 (21/sq mi)10Originally part of Isfahan province.[8] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[2]
ZanjanZanjan21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi)1,057,46146.6/km2 (121/sq mi)7Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
Iran (Total)Tehran1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi)79,926,27046.1/km2 (119/sq mi)342

See also

References and notes

  1. IRNA, Online Edition. "Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran". Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Gwillim Law, Statoids website. "Provinces of Iran". Retrieved 2006-04-30.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. "Iran breaks up largest province". Archived from the original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  4. Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. "General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)". Retrieved 2006-04-30.
  5. "National census 2016". amar.org.ir. Retrieved 2017-03-14.[]
  6. Chamber Society, Iranian. "Ardabil Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23.
  7. "Urmia". Retrieved 2008-07-23.
  8. 1 2 Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. "Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23.
Official provincial websites

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