Progressive realism

Progressive realism is an American foreign policy paradigm largely made popular by Robert Wright in 2006[1] which focuses on producing measurable results in pursuit of widely supported goals.[2] It supports stronger international institutions, free trade, and US national interests.[2] Progressive realists' beliefs are similar to neoconservatives in that foreign interests, such as national defense and participation in the United Nations, serves national interests.[3] They feel that economic interdependence, the environment and global security makes international governance serve national interest.[3][4] The policy emphasizes the need to convert "hard" military power and "soft" attractive power into "smart" power.[5]


  1. Hynd, Steve (June 23, 2009). "Progressive Realism And Iran". Retrieved January 10, 2010.
  2. 1 2 Greg Anrig (July 20, 2006). "Why democrats should pursue "progressive realism" at home". Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  3. 1 2 Wright, Robert (December 31, 1969). "'Progressive realism': In search of a foreign policy - Editorials & Commentary - International Herald Tribune". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  4. Nye, Joseph (August 21, 2006). "Progressive Realism". Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  5. Nye, Joseph (August 31, 2006). "Progressive realism in foreign policy". Retrieved January 13, 2011.

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