Prime Minister of Turkey

Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı  (Turkish)
Seal of the Prime Minister
Member of Cabinet of Turkey
National Security Council
Residence Çankaya Mansion
Appointer The President
In accordance with voting in the Grand National Assembly
Term length 4 years (same as the term of Grand National Assembly)
Constituting instrument Anayasa
Inaugural holder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Ankara Government)
İsmet İnönü (Republic)
Formation 3 May 1920 (Ankara Government)
1 November 1923 (Republic)
Final holder Binali Yıldırım
Abolished 9 July 2018
Succession President of Turkey (presidential system)
Website www.basbakanlik.gov.tr
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı) was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.

History

In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan held the title of Grand Vizier (Turkish: Sadrazam). After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and the prime minister formed a cabinet. With the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of the republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan.

List of Prime Ministers

Living former Prime Ministers

Prime Minister Born
Yıldırım Akbulut November 15, 1935
Tansu Çiller May 24, 1946
Mesut Yılmaz November 6, 1947
Abdullah Gül October 29, 1949
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan February 26, 1954
Ahmet Davutoğlu February 26, 1959
Binali Yıldırım December 20, 1955

Longest track records

NameNumber of daysRemarks
İsmet İnönü1 year, 20 days +
12 years, 205 days +
3 years, 93 days = 16 years and 318 days
The first two periods were
in the single-party period;
formed 10 cabinets.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan11 years, 167 daysFormed three cabinets.
Süleyman Demirel5 years, 150 days +
2 years, 82 days +
168 days +
305 days +
1 year, 177 days = 10 years and 152 days
Formed seven cabinets.
Adnan Menderes10 years, 5 daysFormed five cabinets.
Turgut Özal5 years, 322 daysFormed two cabinets.
Bülent Ecevit296 days +
20 days +
1 year, 311 days +
3 years, 311 days = 5 years and 208 days
Formed five cabinets.

Timeline

See also

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