Prime Minister of Norway

This is a descriptive article. For a list, see List of heads of government of Norway.
Prime Minister of Norway
Norsk statsminister
Erna Solberg

since 16 October 2013
Style Her Excellency (informal)
Residence Inkognitogata 18
Seat Oslo, Norway
Appointer The Monarch
Term length No term limits
General elections are held every four years. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the party with majority support in Parliament.
Inaugural holder Frederik Stang (generally regarded as the first incumbent)
Formation 1873
Website Government Official Homepage
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The Prime Minister of Norway (Norwegian: statsminister, literally the "minister of the state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the Prime Minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. He or she is almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.

Norway has a Constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814.[1] The position of Prime Minister is the result of legislation. Modern Prime Ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the Cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of 2018, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, of the Conservative Party.

Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian Prime Ministers do not have the option of advising the King to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The Constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Storting, he or she must resign.

Longest-sitting Prime Ministers

Nr.Prime MinisterPartyDaysYears, months, days
1.Einar GerhardsenLabour Party622617 years and 17 days
2.Johan NygaardsvoldLabour Party375010 years, 3 months and 5 days
3.Gro Harlem BrundtlandLabour Party369110 years, 1 month and 9 days
4.Jens StoltenbergLabour Party35189 years, 7 months and 17 days
5.Gunnar KnudsenLiberal Party33839 years, 3 months and 4 days
6.Johan Ludwig MowinckelLiberal Party25176 years, 10 months and 21 days
7.Kjell Magne BondevikChristian Democratic Party23416 years, 4 months and 29 days
8.Johannes SteenLiberal Party23116 years, 3 months and 30 days
9.Per BortenCentre Party19825 years, 5 months and 5 days
10.Odvar NordliLabour Party18475 years and 20 days

Living former Prime Ministers

As of 2018 five former Prime Ministers are alive:

See also


  1. "NORWAY'S STRUGGLE WITH HER KING" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1882. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
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