President of Macedonia

President of the
Republic of Macedonia
Gjorge Ivanov

since 12 May 2009
Residence Villa Vodno[1]
Appointer Direct election
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Kiro Gligorov
27 January 1991
Formation Macedonian Constitution
16 April 1991
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia

The President of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Република Македонија) is the head of state of the Republic of Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern Republic of Macedonia began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The Macedonian presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.

The president must be a citizen of the Republic of Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.[2]


During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[3] Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[4] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[5] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and took office on 12 May 2009. He was re-elected in 2014.

List of Presidents of Macedonia

Socialist Republic of Macedonia


  KPM/SKM   Independent

  Acting President
Portrait Term of office Political party
President of Initiatory Committee for Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation of Macedonia
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
1 October 19432 August 1944Communist Party of Macedonia
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation (ASNOM)
Metodija Andonov-Čento
2 August 19441 January 1945Communist Party of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
Metodija Andonov-Čento
1 January 194515 March 1946Communist Party of Macedonia
Dimitar Nestorov
16 March 194630 December 1946Communist Party of Macedonia
2 Blagoja Fotev
19474 January 1951Communist Party of Macedonia
Vidoe Smilevski
4 January 19511953Communist Party of Macedonia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the People's Assembly
3 Dimče Stojanov
195319 December 1953League of Communists of Macedonia
4 Lazar Koliševski
19 December 195326 June 1962League of Communists of Macedonia
5 Ljupčo Arsov
26 June 196224 June 1963League of Communists of Macedonia
6 Vidoe Smilevski
25 June 196312 May 1967League of Communists of Macedonia
7 Mito Hadživasilev
12 May 19671 August 1968League of Communists of Macedonia
8 Nikola Minčev
23 December 19686 May 1974League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidency
9 Vidoe Smilevski
6 May 197431 October 1979League of Communists of Macedonia
10 Ljupčo Arsov
31 October 197929 April 1982League of Communists of Macedonia
11 Angel Čemerski
29 April 198229 April 1983League of Communists of Macedonia
12 Blagoja Taleski
29 April 198329 April 1984League of Communists of Macedonia
13 Tome Bukleski
29 April 198426 April 1985League of Communists of Macedonia
14 Vančo Apostolski
26 April 198528 April 1986League of Communists of Macedonia
Mateja Matevski
28 April 198630 April 1986League of Communists of Macedonia
15 Dragoljub Stavrev
30 April 1986May 1988League of Communists of Macedonia
16 Jezdimir Bogdanski
May 198828 April 1990League of Communists of Macedonia
17 Vladimir Mitkov
28 April 199027 January 1991League of Communists of Macedonia
18 Kiro Gligorov
27 January 199118 September 1991Independent

Republic of Macedonia


  LPM   DA   VMRO–DPMNE   SDSM   Independent

  Acting President
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
1 Kiro Gligorov
199418 September 19914 October 1995Independent
Stojan Andov
4 October 199517 November 1995Liberal Party of Macedonia
(1) Kiro Gligorov
17 November 199519 November 1999Independent
Savo Klimovski
19 November 199915 December 1999Democratic Alternative
2 Boris Trajkovski
199915 December 199926 February 2004
(Died in plane crash)
Ljupčo Jordanovski
26 February 200412 May 2004Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
3 Branko Crvenkovski
200412 May 200412 May 2009Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
4 Gjorge Ivanov
12 May 2009IncumbentVMRO-DPMNE


Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest election

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Gjorge IvanovVPMO-DPMNE449,44251.69534,91055.28
Stevo PendarovskiSocial Democratic Union326,16437.51398,07741.14
Ilijaz HalimiDemocratic Party of Albanians38,9664.48
Zoran T. PopovskiCitizen Option for Macedonia31,3683.61
Invalid/blank votes23,67734,707
Registered voters/turnout1,779,57248.861,779,57254.36
Source: SEC

See also


  1. Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Macedonian Information Agency Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje Archived 2012-06-30 at (in Macedonian)
  4. Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when SR Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine., see: 1991 (in Macedonian)
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