President of Kosovo

President of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës  (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косово  (Serbian)
Presidential standard
Incumbent
Hashim Thaçi

since 7 April 2016
Appointer Assembly of Kosovo
Term length Five years
Renewable once
Inaugural holder Ibrahim Rugova
Formation 4 March 2002
Website Official Website
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kosovo
Constitution and law

The President of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Kosovo), officially styled the President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Republike Kosovo), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo[a] in the country and abroad.

The President is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.[1]

The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent President's term of office.[2] He or she serves for a five-year term, renewable once.

History and precursor

The first post-war President, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president.[3][4] On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo,[5] which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move.[6] On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down[7] and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police,[8] with the rank of Major general,[9] was elected as President.

List of officeholders

Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo

Parties

  KPK/SKK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political Party
Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee
1944–1945
1 Mehmed Hoxha
(1908–1987)
1 January 194411 July 1945Communist Party
Presidents of the Assembly
1945–1974
1 Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
1st time
11 July 194520 February 1953Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
2 Ismet Saqiri
(1918–1986)
20 February 195312 December 1953League of Communists
3 Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 December 19535 May 1956League of Communists
4 Pavle Jovićević
(1910–1985)
5 May 19564 April 1960League of Communists
5 Dušan Mugoša
(1914–1973)
4 April 196018 June 1963League of Communists
6 Stanoje Akšić
(1921–1970)
18 June 196324 June 1967League of Communists
(1) Fadil Hoxha
(1916–2001)
2nd time
24 June 19677 May 1969League of Communists
7 Ilaz Kurteshi
(1927–2016)
7 May 1969May 1974League of Communists
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1990
1 Xhavid Nimani
(1919–2000)
May 1974August 1981League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
(1919–2005)
August 19811982League of Communists
3 Kolë Shiroka
(1922–1994)
1982May 1983League of Communists
4 Shefqet Nebih Gashi
(1927–)
May 1983May 1985League of Communists
5 Branislav Škembarević
(1920–2003)
May 1985May 1986League of Communists
6 Bajram SelaniMay 1986May 1988League of Communists
7 Remzi Kolgeci
(1947–2011)
May 19885 April 1989League of Communists
8 Hysen Kajdomçaj
(1943–)
27 June 198911 April 1990League of Communists

Republic of Kosova

Parties

  LDK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
President
1992–2000
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
25 May 19921 February 2000Democratic League

UN-administered Kosovo

Parties

  LDK

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Presidents
2002–2008
1 Ibrahim Rugova
(1944–2006)
20024 March 200221 January 2006
(Died in office)
Democratic League
2 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
2006
2008
10 February 200617 February 2008Democratic League

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised by 113 UN member states)

Parties

  LDK   PDK   AKR   Non-party

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Presidents
2008–present
1 Fatmir Sejdiu
(1951–)
200817 February 200827 September 2010Democratic League
2 Behgjet Pacolli
(1951–)
201122 February 20114 April 2011New Kosovo Alliance
Jakup Krasniqi
(1951–)
Acting President
4 April 20117 April 2011Democratic Party
3 Atifete Jahjaga
(1975–)
20117 April 20117 April 2016Independent
4 Hashim Thaçi
(1968–)
20167 April 2016IncumbentDemocratic Party

Living former Presidents

There are three living former Kosovan Presidents:

Latest election

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. Balkan Update
  2. A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
  3. "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  4. "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  5. Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
  6. Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
  7. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14956696,00.html
  8. Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  9. "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)

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