Poughkeepsie, New York

Poughkeepsie, New York
Poughkeepsie during its annual balloon festival


Etymology: U-puku-ipi-sing: "The reed-covered lodge by the little-water place"[1]
Nickname(s): The Queen City of the Hudson

Location of Poughkeepsie, New York
Coordinates: 41°42′N 73°56′W / 41.70°N 73.93°W / 41.70; -73.93Coordinates: 41°42′N 73°56′W / 41.70°N 73.93°W / 41.70; -73.93
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Founded 1686
Incorporated (town) 1799
Incorporated (city) 1854
  Type Mayor–council government
  Mayor Robert Rolison (R)
  Common Council
  City 5.7 sq mi (15 km2)
  Land 5.1 sq mi (13 km2)
  Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2)
  Urban 327.1 sq mi (847 km2)
Elevation 180 ft (50 m)
Highest elevation (College Hill) 380 ft (120 m)
Lowest elevation (Hudson River) 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)
  City 32,736
  Estimate (2016)[2] 30,267
  Density 5,700/sq mi (2,200/km2)
  Urban 423,566
  Urban density 1,294.7/sq mi (499.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 12601-12604
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-59641
GNIS feature ID 979392
Website www.cityofpoughkeepsie.com

Poughkeepsie /pəˈkɪpsi/ (pə-KIP-see), officially the City of Poughkeepsie, is a city in the state of New York, United States, which is the county seat of Dutchess County. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 32,736.[3] Poughkeepsie is in the Hudson Valley midway between New York City and Albany, and is part of the New York metropolitan area.[4][5] The name derives from a word in the Wappinger language, roughly U-puku-ipi-sing,[6] meaning "the reed-covered lodge by the little-water place," referring to a spring or stream feeding into the Hudson River south of the present downtown area.[7]

Poughkeepsie is known as "The Queen City of the Hudson". It was settled in the 17th century by the Dutch and became New York's second capital shortly after the American Revolution. It was chartered as a city in 1854. Major bridges in the city include the Walkway over the Hudson, a former railroad bridge (originally called the Poughkeepsie Bridge), which re-opened as a public walkway on October 3, 2009; and the Mid-Hudson Bridge, a major thoroughfare built in 1930 that carries U.S. Route 44 (concurrent with State Route 55) over the Hudson. The city of Poughkeepsie lies in New York's 18th congressional district.[8]


The site of Poughkeepsie was purchased from the Indians in 1686 by Robert Sanders, an Englishman, and Myndert Harmense Van Den Bogaerdt, a New Netherland-born Dutchman. The first settlers were the families of Barent Baltus Van Kleeck and Hendrick Jans van Oosterom. The settlement grew quickly, and the Reformed Church of Poughkeepsie was established by 1720. The community was set off from the town of Poughkeepsie when it became an incorporated village on 27 March 1799.[9] The city of Poughkeepsie was chartered on 28 March 1854.[9] Outside of municipal designations, the city and town of Poughkeepsie are generally viewed as a single place and are commonly referred to collectively as "Poughkeepsie", with a combined population of approximately 75,000.

Spared from battle during the American Revolution, Poughkeepsie became the second capital of New York. In 1788, the Ratification Convention for New York State, which included Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and George Clinton, assembled at the courthouse on Market Street, debated, and ratified the United States Constitution. With its ratification, New York entered the new union as the eleventh of the original thirteen colonies to join together as the United States of America. In 1799, a new seal was created for Poughkeepsie.

Early on, Poughkeepsie was a major center for whale rendering, and during the 19th century, the industry flourished through shipping, hatteries, paper mills, and several breweries along the Hudson River, including some owned by Matthew Vassar, founder of Vassar College. Due to the area's natural beauty and proximity to New York City, families such as the Astors, Rogers, and Vanderbilts built palatial weekend homes nearby. The Vanderbilt mansion, located several miles up the Hudson from Poughkeepsie in the town of Hyde Park, is registered as a National Historic Site; it is considered to be a sterling example of the mansions built by American industrialists during the late 19th century. The city is home to the oldest continuously operating entertainment venue in the state, the Bardavon 1869 Opera House (see below).

Geography and climate


The city is located on the western edge of Dutchess County, bordered by Lloyd across the Hudson River to the west and by the town of Poughkeepsie on the north, east and south. There are two crossings of the Hudson River in Poughkeepsie: the Mid-Hudson Bridge for motor vehicles and pedestrians, and the pedestrian "Walkway over the Hudson".

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 5.7 square miles (14.8 km2). 5.1 square miles (13.3 km2) of it is land, and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2) of it (10.05%) is water.[3]

It is about 75 miles (121 km) north of New York City and is in southeastern New York State.[10]

Apartment Complexes

  • Eastman & Bixby
  • Tubman Terrace
  • Smith Street
  • Delafield
  • Beechwood
  • Mill Street
  • Hudson Harbor
  • MLK
  • Charles Street
  • Boulevard Knolls

Historic districts


Poughkeepsie has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with relatively hot summers and cold winters. It receives approximately 44.12 inches (1,121 mm) of precipitation per year, much of which is delivered in the late spring and early summer. Due to its inland location, Poughkeepsie can be very cold during the winter, with temperatures dropping below zero a few times per year. Poughkeepsie can also be hit by powerful nor'easters, but it usually receives significantly less snow or rain from these storms compared to locations towards the south and east.

Climate data for Poughkeepsie, New York (Hudson Valley Regional Airport), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1931–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
Average high °F (°C) 35.4
Average low °F (°C) 15.7
Record low °F (°C) −30
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.08
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.9 9.1 10.7 10.8 12.5 12.2 10.3 10.2 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.5 125.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.7 3.1 1.8 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 2.9 13.5
Source: NOAA[11][12]


Historical population
Est. 201630,267[2]−7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 32,736 people. The population density was 5,806.2 inhabitants per square mile (2,243.8/km²). There were 13,153 housing units at an average density of 2,556.6 per square mile (988.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.8% White, 35.7% Black or African American, 10.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.6% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 5.3% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races.

There were 12,014 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.8% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.4% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median household income in the city was $29,389, and the median income for a family was $35,779. Males had a median income of $31,956 versus $25,711 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,759. About 18.4% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

Educational institutions

The Poughkeepsie City School District is the public K-12 school system serving approximately 5,000 students.

The Oakwood Friends School is a co-ed 6–12 boarding school outside the city limits, serving approximately 145 students. It is the oldest college preparatory school in New York State. Poughkeepsie Day School, also outside the city, is a progressive co-ed pre-K-through-12 day school serving 300 students founded in 1934 by local families and members of the Vassar College faculty. Other private schools in the area include Tabernacle Christian Academy

Spackenkill Union Free School District, comprising generally the southern part of the town of Poughkeepsie, consists of Hagan Elementary School, Nassau Elementary School, Orville A. Todd Middle School and Spackenkill High School.

Nearby colleges and universities

Two institutions of higher learning operate campuses within the city: Adelphi University's Hudson Valley Center and the Ridley-Lowell Business and Technical Institute.[15]

The Culinary Institute of America's main campus is located the suburb of Hyde Park, north of the City of Poughkeepsie. Dutchess Community College, Marist College, and Vassar College are all located in the surrounding town of Poughkeepsie.


Poughkeepsie sits at the junction of the north-south US 9 and east-west US 44 and NY 55 highways.

Rail commuter service to New York City is provided at the Poughkeepsie Metro-North station by the MTA's Metro-North Railroad. Poughkeepsie is the northern terminus of Metro-North's Hudson Line. Amtrak also serves the station, along the Hudson River south to New York City's Pennsylvania Station and north along the river to Albany-Rensselaer station and points further north and west. Amtrak trains serving Poughkeepsie are the Adirondack, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, and the Maple Leaf. Additionally, Amtrak's New York-Chicago train, the Lake Shore Limited, the successor to the fabled 20th Century Limited, serves this station when coming eastbound from Chicago.

The Mid-Hudson Bridge, opened in 1930, carries US 44 and NY 55 across the Hudson River from Poughkeepsie to Highland. The Poughkeepsie Bridge opened in 1888 to carry railroad traffic across the Hudson, but all usage of the bridge came to an end when a 1974 fire damaged its decking. A local group (Walkway over the Hudson) raised the funds to convert the bridge into a unique linear park connecting rail trails on both sides of the Hudson River. The walkway opened on October 3, 2009, coinciding with the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson's first exploration of the river named for him.[16] The bridge is now open for pedestrian and bicycle use and is a state historic park.

The Dutchess County Airport in nearby Wappinger services general aviation, although it once had scheduled air carrier service by Colonial Airlines in the 1950s and regional airline service by Command Airways and others in the 1960s–1980s. The nearest major airport to Poughkeepsie is Stewart International Airport about 25 miles (40 km) south in Newburgh. Other nearby airports include Albany International Airport approximately 85 miles (137 km) north and the three major metropolitan airports for New York City: John F. Kennedy International Airport approximately 88 miles (142 km) south, Newark Liberty International Airport approximately 88 miles (142 km) south, and LaGuardia Airport approximately 80 miles (130 km) south.

Bus transit service is provided by Dutchess County Public Transit, operated by Dutchess County, which travels throughout Dutchess County and also serves as the main link to the Route 9 corridor including Poughkeepsie Galleria and South Hills Mall.

Both services have a quasi-hub at the intersection of Main and Market streets, adjacent to the Mid-Hudson Civic Center and at the west end of the former pedestrian-only Main Mall (the mall was removed in 2001, with those blocks being restored back to traffic and to the name Main Street). Other buses serving this area include Adirondack Trailways, Short Line, commuter runs to White Plains, and a shuttle to New Paltz.

Emergency services


The city is protected by the career firefighters in the City of Poughkeepsie Fire Department. By keeping buildings up to code, controlling illegal occupancies, monitoring the safety of living areas and issuing licenses and permits, the department works to limit the potential for dangerous situations and the occurrences of fire hazards. The PFD operates out of three fire stations, located throughout the city, and operates and maintains a fire apparatus fleet of four engines, including one reserve engine; two trucks; one rescue vehicle, cross-staffed as needed; and one fireboat. The Arlington Fire District, Fairview Fire District, and New Hamburg Fire Department cover the surrounding town of Poughkeepsie. The PFD is capable of handling fires, rescues, extractions and natural disasters. The PFD is a certified EMS first responder fire department and first respond to EMS calls with Mobile Life Support Services.


Police protection to the city is provided by the City of Poughkeepsie Police Department (CPPD). The police department has over 125 employees, including 96 sworn police officers and 34 civilians, of which 13 are emergency dispatchers.[17] The CPPD also operate a Citizen Observer Alert Network to keep citizens informed about local crime, emergency situations, and other important information. The Dutchess County Sheriff Station is based in Poughkeepsie and is adjacent to the Dutchess County Jail, which houses around 275–300 inmates maximum capacity at any time.


The City of Poughkeepsie is home to Vassar Brothers Medical Center (VBMC), a large 365-bed hospital situated next to U.S. Route 9 on Reade Place. VBMC is home to the only cardiothoracic surgery in New York State between Albany and New York City, as well as an advanced birthing center. The hospital also has a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.[18] Vassar Brother Medical Center is owned and operated by HealthQuest, a local nonprofit collection of hospitals and healthcare providers.[19]

Emergency medical services are provided by Mobile Life Support Services (MLSS), who are contracted to provide full-time ambulance coverage to the city of Poughkeepsie. MLSS provides paramedic level service, including Advanced life support (ALS) and has ambulances stationed in the city on Cottage Street. MLSS also has a staff of specially trained paramedics that provide tactical EMS support to the city police during ESU/SWAT operations, as well as emergency rehabilitation to city firefighters via their Special Operations Response Team. They also provide ALS ambulance service to multiple other agencies and municipalities in Dutchess, Ulster, and Orange counties, and their headquarters building is located in New Windsor in Orange County.



IBM has a large campus in the adjacent town of Poughkeepsie. It was once referred to as IBM's "Main Plant", although much of the workforce has been moved elsewhere in the company (2008). The site once built the IBM 700/7000 series of computers as well as the IBM 7030 Stretch computer and later IBM mainframes. The RS/6000 SP2 family of computers, which came to fame after one of them won a chess match against world chess master Garry Kasparov, were also manufactured by IBM Poughkeepsie. In October 2008, IBM's Poughkeepsie facility was named "Assembly Plant of the Year 2008" by the editors of Assembly Magazine.[20] Poughkeepsie remains IBM's primary design and manufacturing center for its newest mainframes and high-end Power Architecture servers, and it is also one of IBM's major software development centers for z/OS and for other products.

Until 1972, Poughkeepsie was home to the Smith Brothers cough drop factory. The Smith Brothers' grave site is in the Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery.


The Poughkeepsie Journal is the third-oldest active newspaper in the United States, and has offices on Market Street in the City of Poughkeepsie.[21]

FM radio stations in the area are:

  • WRRV-96.9 (alternative rock)
  • WPDH-101.5 (album-oriented rock)
  • WCZX-Mix 97.7 (adult contemporary)
  • WKXP-94.3 The Wolf (country)
  • WRWD-FM-107.3 (country)
  • WSPK-104.7 (top 40)
  • WHUD-100.7 (adult contemporary)
  • WDST-100.1 (independent rock)
  • WPKF-96.1 (rhythmic top 40)
  • WVKR-91.3 (Vassar College Radio)
  • WRNQ-92.1 (80's to current music)

AM radio stations in the area are:

  • WEOK-390 (oldies)
  • WGNY-1220 (sports)
  • WHVW-950 (50's and older blues and country)
  • WKIP-1450 (talk radio)



The Hudson Valley Renegades are a minor league baseball team affiliated with the Tampa Bay Rays. The team is a member of the New York–Penn League, and play at Dutchess Stadium in the nearby town of Fishkill.

The Hudson Valley Hawks were a team in the National Professional Basketball League until 2009 when the league disbanded. The team's home court was at Beacon High School, located approximately 16 miles south in the city of Beacon.

The Hudson Valley Highlanders of the North American Football League played their home games at Dietz Stadium in nearby Kingston.

Poughkeepsie hosted a founding member of the North Eastern Hockey League (NEHL) with the formation of the Poughkeepsie Panthers in 2003. However, due to financial problems, the team only played for one season, and became the Connecticut Cougars the following year. The NEHL folded due financial problems in January 2008. Subsequently, the city was home to the Hudson Valley Bears, one of four founding members of the Eastern Professional Hockey League (EPHL), for one season. Both teams played their home games at the McCann Ice Arena in the Mid-Hudson Civic Center.

One of Poughkeepsie's most notable sports events was the annual Poughkeepsie Regatta of the Intercollegiate Rowing Association (IRA), which was held on the Hudson River from 1895 to 1949. The top college teams would attend along with tens of thousands of spectators. Poughkeepsie was known as the rowing capital of the world. Spectators watched from the hills and bluffs overlooking the river and from chartered boats and trains that followed the races along the entire length of the course; which were longer than present-day races, with varsity eights rowing a 4-mile (6.4 km) race. When the IRA moved the regatta to other venues, the Mid-Hudson Rowing Association was formed to preserve rowing in the area. It successfully lobbied to preserve the regatta's facilities for use by area high schools and club rowing programs. As part of the 400th anniversary celebration of Henry Hudson's trip up the Hudson River[22] a recreation of the regatta was held with Marist College Crew as its host.[23] The events included a fireworks display, a large dinner, and the unveiling of the restored historic Cornell Boathouse, now property of Marist Crew. Historically accurate, the four mile long course started off Rogers Point in Hyde Park and ended about a mile south of the Poughkeepsie-Highland Railroad Bridge. Competitors included Marist, Vassar, Army, Penn, Navy, Syracuse, Columbia and Cornell. Notably this was the first time women's crew teams were allowed to participate in the historic IRA Poughkeepsie Regatta.

Established British racing team Carlin Motorsport have chosen Poughkeepsie as their U.S. base whilst racing in Indy Lights.

Arts and entertainment

Poughkeepsie has a number of notable institutions for arts and entertainment. The Bardavon 1869 Opera House, located on Market Street just below Main Street, is a theater which has an array of music, drama, dance and film events and is the home of the Hudson Valley Philharmonic.

The Mid-Hudson Civic Center, located down the street from the Bardavon 1869 Opera House, hosts concerts, professional wrestling and trade shows and has an ice rink next door for ice hockey. From July 1984 to August 5, 1986, the Civic Center was the location for filming WWF Championship Wrestling.

The Chance, located at 6 Crannell Street in downtown Poughkeepsie, hosts live rock concerts with local as well as major artists.

The collections of the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College chart the history of art from antiquity to the present and comprise over 21,000 works, including paintings, sculptures, prints and photographs.

The Barrett Art Center at 55 Noxon Street offers exhibits, classes, and lectures on the visual arts.

Locust Grove, the home of Samuel Morse and a National Historic Landmark. It features paintings by Morse, as well as historically important examples of telegraph technology.

For shopping and movie theater entertainment, the Poughkeepsie Galleria is located in the town of Poughkeepsie. The mall, which opened in 1987, consists of two floors with 250 shops and restaurants. The Regal Cinemas theater has 16 screens. Current anchor stores within the mall include Macy's, J. C. Penney, Target, Best Buy, H&M, and Sears.

The Mid-Hudson Children's Museum is located at 75 North Water Street.

The Cunneen-Hackett Arts Center at 9 and 12 Vassar Street provides venues for music, dance and the visual arts.

Bananas Comedy Club is a comedy club that presents comedians such as Jim Norton, Rich Vos, Patrice O'Neal, and Nick DiPaolo. Jimmy Fallon started his career performing at the club.

Joseph Bertolozzi's Bridge Music is a sound-art installation on the Mid-Hudson Bridge.

The Chance Theater and Mid-Hudson Civic Center ranked #4 and 5, respectively, on a list of Poughkeepsie's most Instagrammed locations in 2016.[24]

Notable people

Scientists & Inventors

Major League Baseball players born in Poughkeepsie

Bands from Poughkeepsie

See also



  1. Buff, Sheila (April 1, 2009). Insider's guide to the Hudson River Valley. Morris Book Publishing, LLC. p. 6. ISBN 978-0762744381.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Poughkeepsie city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  4. "Transitioning to the New OMB 2013 Metropolitan Area Definitions" (PDF). Federal Housing Finance Agency. p. 25. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  5. "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01" (PDF). 28 February 2013. p. 42. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  6. Paul Joffe (2008). "Where'e Poughkeepsie? Finding The Lost Spring" (PDF).
  7. "Poughkeepsie". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012.
  8. , Detailed Map of 18th Congressional District
  9. 1 2 "Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861, page 274". gedcomindex.com.
  10. Google Maps driving directions to north end of Manhattan
  11. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Dat". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  12. "Station Name: NY POUGHKEEPSIE DUTCHESS CO AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. "Technical Schools in Poughkeepsie, NY - Ridley-Lowell". www.ridley.edu.
  16. Poughkeepsie Bridge - 'The bridge was Moving'. Catskillarchive.com (2007-07-11). Retrieved on 2014-02-21.
  17. "Police Department". cityofpoughkeepsie.com. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  18. "Vassar Brothers Medical Center | Hospital Information". www.healthquest.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  19. "About Us | About Us". www.healthquest.org. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  20. "History of Poughkeepsie, New York". December 2014.
  21. "Upstate New York events celebrate 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson's voyage up the river". NY Daily News. 2009-04-21.
  22. "Regatta Evokes Poughkeepsie's Rowing Heyday". The New York Times. 2009-04-10.
  23. "Poughkeepsie's 15 Most Instagrammed Places - Kingston Creative". Kingston Creative. 2016-06-14. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  24. New Jersey Historical Society Library Retrieved December 1, 2013
  25. Heller, Steven (1999-05-05). "Tibor Kalman obituary". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  26. "Rock & Roll Hall of Fame award". Poughkeepsie Journal. 2009-09-23. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved 2009-10-05.

Further reading

  • Flad, Harvey. 2005. A digital tour of Poughkeepsie. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College.
  • Flad, Harvey K. and Griffen, Clyde. Main Street to Mainframes: Landscape and Social Change in Poughkeepsie. SUNY Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4384-2613-6
  • Mano, Jo Margert and Linda Greenow. 2006. "Mexico comes to Main Street: Mexican immigration and urban revitalization in Poughkeepsie, NY". Middle States Geographer 39: 76–83.
  • Gottlock, Barbara and Wesley. 2011. "Lost Amusement Parks of the Hudson Valley". Blurb Publishing: p. 53-78.
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