Plymouth Drake (UK Parliament constituency)
Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Plymouth Sutton|
|Created from||Plymouth Sutton and Plymouth Devonport|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Plymouth Sutton and Plymouth Devonport|
Plymouth Drake was a borough constituency in the city of Plymouth, in Devon. It elected one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first past the post system of election.
The first Drake constituency was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election. For most of this time it was held by the Conservative Party. It was a Labour gain in the Attlee landslide of 1945, although it had been held by Labour once before, in the 1929–31 Parliament.
The second incarnation of the constituency was created for the February 1974 general election. For the whole of its 23-year existence it was represented by just one MP, Dame Janet Fookes of the Conservative Party. It was always a marginal seat during this period, but Dame Janet managed to survive many strong challenges at each general election she fought, including winning with a majority of just 34 in October 1974 – making Drake the most marginal Conservative seat at that election. She served as a Deputy Speaker of the House to Betty Boothroyd from 1992 until she retired from the Commons in 1997.
The constituency was abolished for the 1997 general election, with its wards being transferred to the redrawn constituency of Plymouth Sutton, which was gained by the Labour Party in the Blair landslide of that year. Most of the territory of Drake is now covered by the constituency of Plymouth Sutton and Devonport.
1918-1950: The County Borough of Plymouth wards of Drake, Mount Edgcumbe, Mutley, Pennycross, St Peter, Stoke, and Valletort.
1974-1983: The County Borough of Plymouth wards of Compton, Drake, Honicknowle, Pennycross, Tamerton, Trelawny, and Whitleigh.
1983-1997: The City of Plymouth wards of Compton, Drake, St Peter, Stoke, Sutton, and Trelawny.
In its 1918 and 1983 incarnations the constituency included Plymouth city centre, which was transferred in 1997 to Plymouth Sutton and in 2010 to Plymouth Sutton and Devonport.
Members of Parliament
|1937 by-election||Henry Guest||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Janet Fookes||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Plymouth Sutton|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Edward Ernest Henry Atkin||4,082||14.4||-10.3|
|Liberal||Hugh MacDonald Pratt||6,309||16.7|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour||Geoffrey Theodore Garratt||11,044||41.18|
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
|Common Wealth||Edgar John Trout||1,681||5.7||n/a|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||C Bradbury||279||0.65|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||W Fitzgerald||11,133||28.59|
|Social Democratic||David Astor||13,070||33.33|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||P Telford||15,062||38.6||+14.5|
|Liberal Democrat||VA Cox||5,893||15.1||−18.2|
|Natural Law||TJ Pringle||95||0.2||N/A|
Notes and references
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.