|former province of the People's Republic of China|
- Xinxiang, Henan (along with then-separate urban centre Xinxiang City)
- Puyang, Henan
- Anyang, Henan (along with then-separate urban centre Anyang City)
- Heze, Shandong
- Huxi, Shandong
- Liaocheng, Shandong
Pan Fusheng was the first Communist Party Chief of the province, and Chao Zhefu was its only governor. In March 1950, a number of peasants and cattle froze to death when transporting grain to government storage in Puyang prefecture. Pan took partial responsibility for the "Puyang Incident" and was demoted to deputy party chief. He was replaced by Wu De.
The province was abolished on November 15, 1952. Its component territories were returned to their original provinces - with the exception of Anyang's Wu'an, Shexian and Linzhang counties, which were transferred to Handan prefecture in Hebei.
|Name||Administrative Seat||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Subdivisions|
|Heze Division||Heze County||菏泽专区||Hézé Zhuānqū||8 counties|
|Huxi Division||Dianxian||湖西专区||Húxī Zhuānqū||2 counties|
|Liaocheng Division||Liaocheng County||聊城专区||Liáochéng Zhuānqū||11 counties|
|Puyang Division||Puyang County||濮阳专区||Púyáng Zhuānqū||7 counties|
|Anyang Division||Anyang County||安阳专区||Ānyáng Zhuānqū||6 counties|
|Xinxiang Division||Xinxiang County||新乡专区||Xīnxiāng Zhuānqū||13 counties|