The pilgrim's hat traditionally had a scallop shell emblem. This is thought to be a reference to the Christian legend that, after Saint James died in Jerusalem, he was miraculously carried by angels to the Atlantic coast of Spain, although the shell symbol has also been connected to pre-Christian traditions as well. A medieval-style pilgrim's hat, with a shell attached to it, is no longer the most common hat on the modern Way of Saint James (Camino de Santiago). It is highly associated with pilgrims on the Way of St. James. The upturned brim of the hat is adorned with a scallop shell to denote the traveller's pilgrim status.
Pilgrim's hats are used in heraldry.
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- "Cockle Hat". Infoplease.com. Beaumont and Fletcher: The Friar of Orders Grey; Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- Beverly Chico, Hats and Headwear around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2013), p. 377.
- Sánchez y Sánchez, Samuel (2015). Annie Hesp, ed. The Camino de Santiago in the 21st Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Global Views. Routledge.
- "Camino Santiago de Compostela, Frances, Fisterra and Portugues". Camino Pilgrim Guides. April 30, 2005. Archived from the original on January 10, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2018.