|Alternative names||Tel helva, çekme helva, tel tel, tepme helva, keten helva|
|Place of origin||Turkey|
|Region or state||Kocaeli, Turkey|
|Main ingredients||Flour, butter, pulled sugar|
Pişmaniye is a Turkish sweet in fine strands made by blending flour roasted in butter into pulled sugar. It is sometimes garnished with ground pistachio nuts. Although the texture is similar to cotton candy, both method and ingredients are different. It is widely known as Turkish Cotton Candy.
Until recently pişmaniye used to be made at home in most regions of Turkey, but this tradition is now rapidly disappearing. Today the manufacturing process is partially mechanised.
There are many different Turkish names, used in different provinces, the most common being tel helva, çekme helva, tel tel, tepme helva and keten helva.
Origin and etymology
The earliest Turkish reference to pişmaniye is a recipe by Şirvani, a physician writing during the 1430s. The name comes from the Turkish language.
It may be of a Coptic origin from :'ⲡⲏⲥ: pis": which means :" to mix flour with fat" , and "ⲛⲏⲓⲛⲓ: nani or mani ": which means : "honey”.
- Üçer, Müjgan (1992). Sivas Halk Mutfağı. Sivas, 71-72
- Yıldırım, Renan, "Ağızda Dağılan Lezzet Pişmaniye", Skylife, February 2003
- Şirvani, Muhammed bin Mahmud, 15. Yüzyıl Osmanlı Mutfağı, eds. Mustafa Argunşah and Müjgan Çakır, Istanbul:Gökkubbe Yayınları, 2005, 126-127; Priscilla Mary Işın, Gülbeşeker, Türk Tatlıları Tarihi, İstanbul:Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2008, 191-192
- Moawad Dawood Coptic dictionary , P:293b
- Moawad Dawood Coptic dictionary , P:206a
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