Philadelphia Keystones

The Philadelphia Keystones (also known as the Keystone Club of Philadelphia) were a professional baseball franchise. In 1884, they were a member of the short-lived Union Association. The team was owned by former player Tom Pratt.[1]

The Keystones were managed by catcher Fergy Malone and finished in eighth place in the 12 team league with a 21-46 record. Their top-hitting regular was left fielder/infielder Buster Hoover, who batted .364 with a slugging percentage of .495, and their best pitcher was Jersey Bakely, who was 14-25 with an ERA of 4.47. Their home games were played at Keystone Park. Jack Clements, who played for 17 seasons and was the last (and virtually the only) left-handed catcher in major-league history, made his big-league debut with the Keystones.

Like several other teams in the Union Association, the Keystones did not make it through the entire season, folding after the game of August 7. The entire league ceased operations after 1884, its first and only season.

1884 season

Season standings

Union Association W L Pct. GB Home Road
St. Louis Maroons 9419 0.832 49–6 45–13
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds 6936 0.657 21 35–17 34–19
Baltimore Monumentals 5847 0.552 32 29–21 29–26
Boston Reds 5851 0.532 34 34–22 24–29
Milwaukee Brewers 85 0.615 36 8–4 0–1
St. Paul Saints 26 0.250 39½ 0–0 2–6
Chicago Browns/Pittsburgh Stogies 4150 0.451 42 21–19 20–31
Altoona Mountain Citys 619 0.240 44 6–12 0–7
Wilmington Quicksteps 216 0.111 44½ 1–6 1–10
Washington Nationals (UA) 4765 0.420 46½ 36–27 11–38
Philadelphia Keystones 2146 0.313 50 14–21 7–25
Kansas City Cowboys 1663 0.203 61 11–23 5–40

Record vs. opponents

1884 Union Association Records

Sources:
Team ALT BAL BOS CHI/PIT CIN KC MIL PHI STL STP WSH WIL
Altoona 1–31–10–00–30–00–01–30–80–03–10–0
Baltimore 3–110–5–17–54–1010–21–310–21–140–011–51–0
Boston 1–15–10–14–8–15–118–42–28–38–80–012–45–0
Chicago/Pittsburgh 0–05–78–4–17–812–40–03–52–140–04–8–10–0
Cincinnati 3–010–411–58–79–10–09–04–123–010–62–1
Kansas City 0–02–104–84–121–90–00–40–11–11–1–14–8–10–0
Milwaukee 0–03–12–20–00–00–00–00–00–03–10–0
Philadelphia 3–12–103–85–30–94–00–00–80–04–70–0
St. Louis 8–014–18–814–212–411–0–10–08–02–113–34–0
St. Paul 0–00–00–00–00–31–1–10–00–01–20–00–0
Washington 1–35–114–128–4–16–108–4–11–37–43–130–04–1
Wilmington 0–00–10–50–01–20–00–00–00–40–01–4

Roster

1884 Philadelphia Keystones
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders Manager

Player stats

Batting

Starters by position

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR
CTom Gillen2911618.1550
1BJohn McGuinness5321052.2360
3BJerry McCormick6729584.2850
SSHenry Easterday2811528.2430
OFBuster Hoover63275100.3640
OFJoe Flynn5220952.2494

Other batters

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR
Henry Luff2611130.2700
Pat Carroll5193.1580
Bill Jones4142.1430
Levi Meyerle3111.0910
Dave Drew294.4440
Lefty Johnson140.0000
Fergy Malone141.2500
Robert Foster131.3330

Pitching

Starting pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Jersey Bakely39344.214254.47204
Sam Weaver171365105.7640
John Fischer870.2173.5742
Bill Gallagher325123.2412
Al Maul18014.507

Relief pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO
Dave Drew10103.862
Jerry McCormick10009.003


Notes

  1. Spink, Alfred Henry (1911). The National Game. Carbondale, Illinois: SIU Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-8093-2304-4.
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