Peter Andreyevich Arshinov (Russian: Пётр Андре́евич Арши́нов), also P. Marin (Russian: П. Ма́рин) (1886–1937), was a metal worker from Yekaterinoslav who in 1904, joined the Bolshevik Party and began to edit the paper Molot (Hammer). In 1906, to escape the attention of the police, he fled to Ekaterinoslav. There he became an anarchist.
On 7 March 1907 he shot dead the boss of the railway workshops of Alexandrovsk. Arrested on 9 March 1907 he was condemned to death by hanging by a military tribunal. In the night of 22 April 1907, he escaped with other prisoners during an Easter Mass, taking refuge in France.
In 1909, Arshinov returned to Russia and was caught smuggling arms from Austria. He was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment in Moscow, where he met Nestor Makhno. Both men were liberated by the Russian Revolution, and in 1919, Arshinov joined Makhno and became involved in cultural and educational work in the area controlled by the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine. He was also the leader of "Nabat" (Confederation of the Anarchist Organizations of Ukraine), and edited the paper Golos Anarkhista (The Voice of an Anarchist). In 1921, Arshinov emigrated from the country, in which time he would participate in the group Dielo Truda with Makhno. He was one of the authors of The Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists. During his time in Berlin he would edit Anarkhicheskii vestnik (The Anarchist Herald). He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union after returning to the USSR in 1930, but Arshinov was an obvious target for the Great Purge and subsequently disappeared, probably being executed sometime around 1937.
- History of the Makhnovist Movement (1921)
- The Two Octobers (1927)
- Peter Arshinov, History of the Makhnovist Movement (1918-1921), 1923.
- Biography of Peter Arshinov
- Peter Arshinov at Anarchy Archives,
- Peter Arshinov at RevoltLib,