Perez (son of Judah)

See Pérez for the Spanish surname and Perets for the Jewish name.

According to the Book of Genesis, Pharez/Perets (Hebrew: פֶּרֶץ / פָּרֶץ, Modern Perets / Peretz Tiberian Péreṣ / Pāreṣ) was the son of Tamar and Judah, and the twin of Zerah.[1][2] The name is transliterated to English as both "Perets " (NIV, ESV, NKJV) and "Pharets" (KJV). Perets , in Hebrew means "breach or burst forth" and is named after the narrative of his birth as recorded in Genesis 38:29.[3]

Genesis 38
27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins [were] in her womb.
28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that [the one] put out [his] hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? [this] breach [be] upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharets.
30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.

The Book of Ruth lists Perets as being part of the ancestral genealogy of King David,[4] and both the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke include him when specifying the genealogy of Jesus.[5][6]

According to critical scholars, the birth narrative may be an etiological myth explaining the origin of parts of the tribe of Judah.[7][8]


  1. Genesis 38:29
  2. 1 Chronicles 2:4
  3. Strong's Hebrew 6556_ פָּ֫רֶץ (perets) -- a bursting forth, breach Retrieved 2015-08-01
    Note: The name is under Strong's 6557 which refers to 6556 for the meaning.
  4. Ruth 4:18-22
  5. Matthew 1:3
  6. Luke 3:33
  7. J. A. Emerton, Judah And Tamar
  8. Cheyne and Black, Encyclopedia Biblica, Vol III
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