Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria

Not to be confused with the Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria (Coadjutor).
For the Coptic Orthodox Pope with the same name and title, see Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria.
His Divine Beatitude
Theodore II
Θεόδωρος Β΄
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa
Church Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria
See Alexandria
Installed October 24, 2004
Term ended Incumbent
Predecessor Peter VII
Personal details
Birth name Nikolaos Horeftakis
Born (1954-11-25) November 25, 1954
Chania Prefecture, Crete, Greece
Denomination Eastern Orthodox Church
Alma mater Rizarios Ecclesiastical School

Theodore (Theodoros) II (Greek: Πάπας και Πατριάρχης Αλεξανδρείας και πάσης Αφρικής Θεόδωρος Β΄, born Nikolaos Horeftakis (Greek: Νικόλαος Χορευτάκης) on November 25, 1954) is the current Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa. He is formally styled His Divine Beatitude the Pope and Patriarch of the Great City of Alexandria, Libya, Pentapolis, Ethiopia, All Egypt and All Africa, Father of Fathers, Pastor of Pastors, Prelate of Prelates, the Thirteenth of the Apostles and Judge of the Ecumene. He is the leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church in Africa and Madagascar.[1] He is a monk in the Agarathos Holy Monastery of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary.

Early life and educational background

He was born on the Greek island of Crete in 1954, where he completed his schooling. He is a graduate of the Rizarios Ecclesiastical School in Athens and holds a degree from the Theological Faculty of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He also studied History of Art, Literature and Philosophy in Odessa.

He ordained as Deacon in 1975 and the Archbishopric on 23 April 1978 by Metropolitan of Lambis and Sfakion Theodore Tzedakis. From 1975 to 1985 he served as Archdeacon and Chancellor of the Holy Metropolis of Lambis and Sfakion in Crete, where he developed significant Preaching and Philanthropic activities (hostels for needy youth, etc.). From 1985 to 1990 he served as Patriarchal Exarch in Russia, based in the Ukrainian city of Odessa, during the tenure of Patriarchs Nicholas VI and Parthenios.

Years of Ministry

Theodore established the Institution of Hellenic Culture and the Philiki Eterea Museum with 600 children, where they were taught a thorough knowledge of Greek. In 1990, he was ordained Bishop of Kyrene and was appointed Representative of Patriarch Parthenios in Athens (1990–97). He always accompanied Patriarch Parthenios on his travels throughout Africa and to many international, interfaith and theological conferences.

In 1997, he was appointed Patriarchal Vicar of Alexandria by Patriarch Petros VII to assist him at the outset of his Patriarchate and after ten months he was elected as Metropolitan of Cameroon.[2] He greatly developed missionary activity there. He built churches, schools and hospitals, helping many Africans and local Greeks. In 2002, he was transferred to the Holy Metropolis of Zimbabwe, where he established four missionary centres in Harare, a Hellenic Cultural Centre for 400 delegates, two large missionary centres in Malawi, with a hospital, technical schools and nursery schools. Aided by the Greek Parliament he renovated the Hellenic Square (School-Church-Vicarage) in Beira, Mozambique. He founded churches and contributed to the establishment of the Hellenic Communities of Botswana and Angola.

Patriarch of Alexandria

In the wake of the death of Patriarch Petros and other senior bishops in a helicopter crash in the Aegean Sea, Theodore was unanimously elected on October 9, 2004 by the Synod of the Alexandrian Throne as Patriarch. The enthronement ceremony took place at the Cathedral of Annunciation in Alexandria, on Sunday, October 24, 2004, in the presence of distinguished religious and civilian representatives and a great number of faithful. He is the seventh of Crete origin Patriarch of Alexandria after Silvester, Meletius Pigas, Cyrillos Lucaris, Gerasimus Palladas, Gerasimus Spartaliotis and Meletius Metaxakis.[3]



  1. "AngolaPress - News". Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  2. Блаженнейший Патриарх Александрийский Феодор II(Blessed Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria) (In Russian) Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  3. Состоялась интронизация новоизбранного Предстоятеля Александрийской Православной Церкви (in Russian) Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  4. Предстоятели Александрийской и Русской Православных Церквей вручили друг другу церковные награды Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  5. Состоялась встреча Святейшего Патриарха Кирилла с Предстоятелем Александрийской Православной Церкви Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  6. Александрийский Патриарх удостоен высшей награды Грузинской Православной Церкви Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  7. Состоялась братская беседа Предстоятеля Русской Православной Церкви с Блаженнейшим Патриархом Александрийским Феодором Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  8. Alexandrian Patriarch Theodoros II awarded by President of Serbia Aleksandar Vucic with the order of Great Cross of Apostle Mark. A high state order handed in to Patriarch Theodoros II Retrieved on 28 Feb 2018
  • "Biography of Theodoros II". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Peter VII
Greek Patriarch of Alexandria
since 2004
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