Palwal

Palwal
City
Kos Minar at Palwal along Grand Trunk Road
Palwal
Location in Haryana, India
Palwal
Palwal (India)
Coordinates: 28°08′35″N 77°19′44″E / 28.143°N 77.329°E / 28.143; 77.329Coordinates: 28°08′35″N 77°19′44″E / 28.143°N 77.329°E / 28.143; 77.329
Country  India
State Haryana
Government
  Body BJP
Area
  Total 22.10 km2 (8.53 sq mi)
Elevation 199.49 m (654.49 ft)
Population
  Total 1,040,493
Languages
  Official Hindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 121102
Telephone code 01275
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR30
Sex ratio 879 /
Website haryana.gov.in

Palwal is a city and a municipal council. It is the headquarters of Palwal district, the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. It is a centre for the cotton trade in the area.

Palwal is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Delhi, 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Faridabad, 313 kilometres (194 mi) from Chandigarh and 143 kilometres (89 mi) from Agra.The latitude of the town is 28° 40' N and longitude is 76° 59' E. The area of town is 22.10 square kilometres (8.53 sq mi).[1]

The local tradition identifies Palwal with the Apelava town mentioned in the Mahabharata, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.[2]

Geography

Palwal is located at 28°07′N 77°20′E / 28.12°N 77.33°E / 28.12; 77.33. It has an average elevation of 195 metres (640 ft).

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[3] Palwal had a population of 1,42,708. Males constitute 53.12% of the population and females 46.88%. Palwal has an average literacy rate of 70.32%, higher than the national average of 65.5%: male literacy is 78.92%, and female literacy is 67.87%. In Palwal, 12.95% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Post-independence

On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was further divided to form a new Faridabad district, and Palwal became a part of it.[4] On 15 August 2008, Palwal became the administrative headquarters of the newly formed Palwal district, 21st district of Haryana.

See also

References

  1. Palwal Geography Yamuna Action Plan official website.
  2. Palwal Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 375.
  3. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  4. History Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Official website Gurgaon.
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