Vicinity of site, 2013
|Nearest city||Palmer, Nebraska|
|NRHP reference #||66000447|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||July 19, 1964|
The Palmer Site, also known as the Skidi Pawnee Village an designated by the Smithsonian trinomial 25HW1, is a prehistoric and historic archeological site near Palmer, Nebraska in Howard and Merrick Counties. The site is a Native American habitation site associated with the Skidi people, a branch of the Pawnee people, which may have been documented by an American exploratory expedition led by Stephen H. Long in 1820. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964. The site is located on private property.
The Palmer Site's primary period of occupation is believed to have been in the early 19th century. Its features include 120 lodge sites and a feature interpreted as a council circle, as well as a Native American burial ground, from which several burials were removed or relocated due to nearby road construction.
The site was recorded by at least three separate 19th-century exploratory expeditions. Stephen H. Long's 1819-20 expedition along the Loup River almost certainly encountered the village, describing its location and that of several other villages. Another expedition visited the village in 1833, and an 1844 expedition documented that it was abandoned. This village is believed to have been the site of the notorious Morning Star ceremony, a Skidi custom of human sacrifice. It was also probably the home of Petaleshero, a Pawnee warrior of famously interrupted one of those ceremonies by rescuing that year's victim, a Comanche girl. Petaleshero is believed to be buried here.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Palmer Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
- Blasing, Robert (November 1999). "Consultation between the Bureau of Reclamation and the Pawnee Tribe". Plains Anthropologist (Volume 44, No. 170): 13–24. JSTOR 25669622.
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