Palato-alveolar ejective affricate

Palato-alveolar ejective affricate
tʃʼ
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The palato-alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The sound is represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet with t͡ʃʼ. In some languages it is equivalent to a palatal ejective.

Features

Features of the palato-alveolar ejective affricate:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Adygheкӏако [t͡ʃʼaːkʷa] 'short'
ArmenianYerevan dialect[1]ճյուղ[t͡ʃʼiʊ̯ʁ]'branch'Corresponds to tenuis [t͡ʃ⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
AvarворчӀами[wort͡ʃʼami]'hello'
Aymara ch'uspa [t͡ʃ'uspa] 'ch'uspa'
Georgian[t͡ʃʼɑ]'well'
Haidajjabako[t͡ʃʼabako]'rock hyrax'
Kabardianкӏэ [t͡ʃʼa] 'tail'
Lushootseedč̓[t͡ʃʼʉʁˀ]'one'
Ossetian Kudairag Чъреба [ˈt͡ʃʼɾebä] 'Tskhinval'
Tlingitch’eet [t͡ʃʼit] 'duck'

See also

Notes

References

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company 
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