پاكستانى قوم
Total population
c.221 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan not specific 212,742,631
 Saudi Arabia 1,900,000+
 United Kingdom 1,574,983
 United Arab Emirates 1,200,000+[2]
 United States 563,699[3]
 Canada 156,865[4]
 Kuwait 150,000[5]
 Italy 100,000+[6][7]
 Qatar 90,000[8]
 Oman 85,000
 Spain 80,000[9]
 Greece 80,000
 France 60,000
 Malaysia 56,000
 China 54,000[10]
 Scotland 49,381[11]
 Germany 49,000
 Bahrain 45,000
 Norway 39,134
 Australia 61,913
 Libya 30,000
 Belgium 14,500+
 Denmark 14,324[12]
 Sweden 12,450
 Japan 10,000+
Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki, Kashmiri, Brahui, Balti and others
Islam 97% (majority Sunni, while 20% being Shia, and <1% being Ahmadiyya) Other Religions: Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Bahai Faith, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism

Pakistanis (Urdu: پاكِستانى قوم; Pakistani Qaum) are the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the majority of its people belong linguistically to the Indo-Aryan and Iranian groups while the remaining minority mainly belongs to a small amount of other language groups and families. As per the 2017 Census, the estimated population of Pakistan was over 207 million making it the world's fifth most-populous country (third most populous country with lest than billion inhabitants).[13]

Ethnic sub-groups

Pakistan has one of the world's fastest growing populations. As the country is located in South Asia, Pakistani people belong to different ethnic groups as the country is a transitional zone between Aryan and Iranic peoples. The country is situated between Afghanistan, North India, and Persia.

Specific-linguistic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashtun, Balochi, and Kashmiri, with substantial numbers of Brahui, Hindko language , Pahari, Shin, Burusho, Wakhi, Balti, Chitrali and other minority ethnic groups in the remote north of the country.

Main Groups of Pakistan: the Punjabi people, the Pashtun people, the Sindhi people, the Balochi people, the Urdu speaking people and the Kashmiri people.


Pakistan has a conservative culture, with all of the provinces maintaining differing social mores. However, Islam is the driving force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts of the country, and has significantly shaped the values and traditions of Pakistanis. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high context, and Pakistani wear the Shalwar Qamiz that is the culture of Pakistan.


Pakistan's main language is Urdu. Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other. It is mostly learned as a second language, with nearly 93% of Pakistan's population having a mother tongue other than Urdu. Urdu is spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all Pakistani people. Numerous regional and provincial languages are spoken as first languages by the ethno-linguistic groups making up the country, with Punjabi having a plurality of native speakers with 45% of the total population. English is spoken at an official level.

Languages spoken in Pakistan: Most languages spoken are Punjabi, Pashto and Urdu. Followed by Balochi, Kashmiri and Sindhi.


The largest religion practiced in Pakistan is Islam. Islam is main religion of Pakistan. Other religious group are Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, the Kalash faith, and Christianity. 95% people are Muslims, 2% people are Hindus , 2% people are Christians and less than 1% of people are Zoroastrian, Kalash, and Sikh.


There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world, due to emigration. The population of Pakistanis abroad is considered to exceed seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia and Australia.

See also


  1. "U.S. and World Population Clock". United States Census Bureau.
  2. "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  3. Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  4. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables – Ethnic Origin (101), Age Groups (10), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and Income Characteristics (327) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  5. Al-Qarari, Hussein (2009-03-29). "Pakistanis celebrate National Day in Kuwait". Kuwait Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  6. "Europe and Russian Federation", Yearbook of Pakistan Foreign Relations, 2003-2004, Pakistan: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2004, archived from the original on 2007-10-19, retrieved 2008-11-18
  7. Husain, Irfan (2002-11-09), "The Italian jobs", Dawn, Pakistan, retrieved 2008-11-18
  8. Qatar´s population by nationality Archived 2013-12-22 at the Wayback Machine. bq magazine Retrieved 15 December 2014
  9. "TablaPx". Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  10. 출입국·외국인정책본부. "통계연보(글내용) < 통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부". Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  11. "Standard Outputs - Census Data Explorer - Scotland's Census - Log in".
  12. {{cite web|url=
  13. (2017-08-28). "Census results show 59.7pc growth in Karachi's population, 116pc in Lahore's since 1998". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-09-01.

Further reading

  • Abbasi, Nadia Mushtaq. "The Pakistani diaspora in Europe and its impact on democracy building in Pakistan." International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2010).
  • Awan, Shehzadi Zamurrad. "Relevance of Education for Women's Empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan." Journal of International Women's Studies 18.1 (2016): 208+ online
  • Bolognani, Marta, and Stephen Lyon, eds. Pakistan and its diaspora: multidisciplinary approaches (Springer, 2011).
  • Eglar, Zekiya. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan: Perspectives on Community, Land, and Economy (Oxford UP, 2010).
  • Kalra, Virinder S., ed. Pakistani Diasporas: Culture, conflict, and change (Oxford UP, 2009).
  • Lukacs, John, ed. The people of South Asia: the biological anthropology of India, Pakistan, and Nepal (Springer, 2013).
  • Marsden, Magnus. "Muslim village intellectuals: the life of the mind in northern Pakistan." Anthropology today 21.1 (2005): 10-15.
  • Mughal, M. A. Z. "An anthropological perspective on the mosque in Pakistan." Asian Anthropology 14.2 (2015): 166-181.
  • Rauf, Abdur. "Rural women and the family: A study of a Punjabi village in Pakistan." Journal of Comparative Family Studies (1987): 403-415.
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