Pakistan Monument

Pakistan Monument
یادبود پاکستان
Pakistan Monument
General information
Type Public monument
Location Islamabad, Pakistan
Coordinates 33°41′36″N 73°04′06″E / 33.69345°N 73.068309°E / 33.69345; 73.068309
Construction started 25 May 2004
Completed 23 March 2007
Owner Ministry of Culture
Landlord Capital Development Authority
Design and construction
Architect Arif Masoud
Engineer Syed Mahmud Khalid
Structural engineer Mushtaq & Bilal
Other designers Khizar Hayat Asghar
Main contractor Universal Corporation

The Pakistan Monument (Urdu: یادبود پاکستان) is a national monument and heritage museum located on the western Shakarparian Hills in Islamabad, Pakistan. The monument was constructed to symbolize the unity of the Pakistani people. Its elevation makes the monument visible from across the Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area and is a popular tourist destination.[1]


Covering a total area of 2.8 hectares, the monument is shaped as a blooming flower petal-shaped structure built of granite, with the inner walls of the petals inscribed with the outlines of Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque, Khyber Pass and Minar-e-Pakistan. The monument opens onto a marble terrace providing a bird's-eye view of Islamabad City.[2] The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces of Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh, while the three smaller petals represent the three territories of Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Jammu & Kashmir and the Tribal Areas.[3] The central platform is made in the shape of a five-pointed star which is surrounded by a water body. A metallic crescent surrounding the star is inscribed with sayings of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and poetry of Allama Iqbal.


Adjoining the monument is the Pakistan Monument Museum, which includes a wax museum depicting important events leading to the Pakistan Movement. Furthermore, the facilities includes a reference library, audio-visual archive, conference hall along with a 62-seat capacity auditorium known as Panorama Hall.[4] The complex receives on average received 1500 tourists per day totalling at 0.57 million visitors in 2015.[5] From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on Pakistan's flag.[6] The foundation stone was laid on 25 May 2004, completed in 2006 and inaugurated on 23 March 2007 by President General Pervez Muaharaf.[7]


The plan for a national monument was first envisioned in 2005 by Uxi Mufti, son of Mumtaz Mufti.[8] The idea was later adopted by Ministry of Culture led by Hamad Kashif and in 2005 the Pakistan Council of Architects & Town Planners organised a national monument design competition based around the theme of signifying strength, unity and dedication of the people of Pakistan into an icon representing an independent and free nation.[9] From a total of 21 submissions, 3 were short-listed. The final design proposed by Arif Masoud was selected.[10]

See also


  1. "National Monument: Structure reflects history of Pakistan - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  2. InpaperMagazine, From (2011-02-26). "Pakistan National Monument: Reliving history". Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  3. Planet, Lonely. "Pakistan Monument - Lonely Planet". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  4. "Dailytimes | Pakistan Monument Museum attracts people". Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  5. "Visiting Pakistan Monument no more free now". The Nation. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  6. "RIS students visit Pakistan Monument". Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  7. Khaleeq Kiani (2006) Rs67bn new schemes approved. Dawn (newspaper). 24 August. Retrieved on 23 March 2008.
  9. Ministry of Culture, Pakistan Archived 2007-11-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 23 March 2008
  10. "Pakistan Monument: a source of attraction for visitors". The Nation. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
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