Paduspanids

Paduspanid dynasty
پادوسبانیان
655–1598
Map of the normal domains of the Paduspanids in Tabaristan
Common languages Persian
Caspian languages
Religion Zoroastrianism (655-15th-century)
Islam (15th-century-1598)
Government Monarchy
Ispahbadh
Ustandar
Malek
 
 665–694
Paduspan I (first)
 1590–1598
Jahangir IV (last)
Historical era Middle Ages
 Established
655
 Safavid conquest
1598
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dabuyid dynasty
Safavid dynasty

The Paduspanids or Baduspanids (Persian: پادوسبانیان) were a local dynasty of Tabaristan which ruled over Royan, Nur and Rostamdar. The dynasty was established in 665,[1] and ended in 1598 when the Safavids invaded their domains.[2]

History

The founder of the Paduspanid dynasty was Paduspan I, (also known by the Arabicized form Baduspan), who was the son of Gil Gavbara,[2] the founder of the Dabuyid dynasty. Thus making the Paduspanids of Sasanian descent like the Dabuyids.

Known Paduspanid rulers

  • 655-694 : Paduspan I
  • 694-723 : Khur-zad
  • 723-762 : Paduspan II
  • 762-791 : Shahriyar I ibn Paduspan
  • 791-822 : Wandad Umid
  • 822-855 : Abdallah ibn Wandad
  • 855-??? : Faridun ibn Qarin
  • ???-??? : Paduspan III
  • ???-??? : Shahriyar II ibn Paduspan
  • 887-899 : Hazar Sandan
  • 899-938 : Shahriyar III ibn Jamshid
  • 938-965 : Shams al-Muluk Muhammad
  • 965-??? : Istwandad
  • ????-???? : Fakhr al-Dawla Namavar I
  • ????-1117 : Hazarasp I
  • 1117-1168 : Shahrivash
  • 1168-1184 : Kai Ka'us I
  • 1184-1190 : Hazarasp II
  • 1190-1209 : Bavandid occupation
  • 1209-1213 : Zarrinkamar
  • 1213 -1223 : Bisotun I
  • 1223-1242/1243 : Fakhr al-Dawla Namavar II
  • Mort en 1242 : Hosam al-Dawla Ardashir
  • 1242- ???? : Eskandar I
  • 1242-1272 : Shahragim
  • 1272-1301 : Fakr-al-Dawla Namavar III Shah-Ghazi
  • 1301-1311 : Kai-Khosrow
  • 1311-1317 : Shams al-Muluk Mohammad
  • 1317-1324 : Nasir al-Din Shahriyar
  • 1324-1333 : Taj al-Dawla Ziyar
  • 1333-1359 : Eskandar II
  • 1359-1378 : Fakhr al-Dawla Shah-Ghazi
  • 1378-1379 : Azod al-Dawla Qobad
  • 1379-1391 : Marashiyan occupation
  • 1391-1394 : Sa'd al-Dawla Tus
  • 1394-  : Eskandar III
  • 1399-1453 : Kayumarth I
  • 1453  : Kayumarth II

Nur branch

  • 1453-1467 : Ka'us II
  • 1467-1499 : Jahangir I
  • 1499-1507 : Bisotun II
  • 1507-1550 : Bahman of Tabaristan
  • 1550-1576 : Kayumarth IV
  • 1582-1586 : Sultan Aziz
  • 1586-1593/1594 : Jahangir III

Kojur branch

  • 1453-1476 : Eskandar IV
  • 1476-1491 : Taj-al-Dawla ibn Eskandar
  • 1491-1507 : Ashraf ibn Taj al-Dawla
  • 1507-1543 : Ka'us III
  • 1543-1555 : Kayumarth III
  • 1555-1567 : Jahangir II
  • 1568-1590 : Sultan Mohammad ibn Jahangir
  • 1590-1598 : Jahangir IV

References

  1. The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000-1217), C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5, ed. J. A. Boyle, John Andrew Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 29.
  2. 1 2 BADUSPANIDS, W. Madelung, Encyclopaedia Iranica

Sources

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