Open central rounded vowel
|Open central rounded vowel|
|IPA number||313 415|
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The open central rounded vowel, or low central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in few spoken languages. While the International Phonetic Alphabet officially has no dedicated letter for this sound between front [ɶ] and back [ɒ], it is normally written ⟨ɒ⟩. If precision is required, it can be specified by using diacritics, such as centralized ⟨ɒ̈⟩ or centralized ⟨ɶ̈⟩.
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
- Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth – that is, as low as possible in the mouth.
- Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
- It is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
|English||Middle Class London||lot||[lɒ̈ʔ]||'lot'||Can be back [ɒ] instead. See English phonology|
|Irish||Ring dialect||Allophone of /aː/ between slender consonants. See Irish phonology|
|Norwegian||Østfold dialect||bada||[bɒ̈ːdɐ]||'to bathe'|
- While the International Phonetic Association prefers the terms "close" and "open" for vowel height, many linguists use "high" and "low".
- Altendorf & Watt (2004:188). Note that authors differentiate between symbols [ɒ̟] and [ɒ̈]; the former denotes a more back vowel.
- Breatnach (1947:12–13)
- Jahr (1990:92)
- Altendorf, Ulrike; Watt, Dominic (2004), "4. The Southeast", in Schneider, Edgar W.; Burridge, Kate; Kortmann, Bernd; Mesthrie, Rajend; Upton, Clive, A handbook of varieties of English, 1: Phonology, Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 181–196, ISBN 3-11-017532-0
- Breatnach, Risteard B. (1947), The Irish of Ring, Co. Waterford, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ISBN 0-901282-50-2
- Jahr, Ernst Håkon (1990), Den Store dialektboka, Oslo: Novus, ISBN 8270991678