Obrenovac

Obrenovac
Обреновац
Municipality
Serbian Orthodox church

Coat of arms

Location of Obrenovac within the city of Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°39′N 20°12′E / 44.650°N 20.200°E / 44.650; 20.200Coordinates: 44°39′N 20°12′E / 44.650°N 20.200°E / 44.650; 20.200
Country  Serbia
District Belgrade
Settlements 29
Government
  Mayor Miroslav Čučković (URS)
Area[1]
  Urban 9.33 km2 (3.60 sq mi)
  Municipality 409.83 km2 (158.24 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Urban 24,568
  Urban density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
  Municipality 71,419
  Municipality density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11500
Area code +381 11
Car plates BG
Website www.obrenovac.rs

Obrenovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Обреновац, pronounced [obrěːnoʋat͡s]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 71,419 inhabitants, while the urban area has 24,568 inhabitants.

The largest Serbian thermal power plant TPP Nikola Tesla is located on the outskirts of the municipality. Obrenovac was also submerged and completely evacuated during the 2014 Southeast Europe floods.

Geography

Obrenovac is situated 30 km south-west of central Belgrade near bends of the river Sava to the north. The river Kolubara flows to the east of the town on its way to join the Sava.

Total land area of the municipality of Obrenovac is 411 km2 (159 sq mi). Apart from the town, it consists of the following villages:[2]

Some of the neighborhoods in the town are Topolice, Rojkovac, Dudovi, Rvati, Muzička kolonija,Sljivice, Belo polje, Gaj and Stočnjak.

History

In the Middle Ages, the area was part of Serbian states. King of Srem Dragutin Nemanjić ruled it between 1282 and 1319, and established monasteries in Grabovac and Mislođin. In 1521, it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, who ruled it for the next 300 years. Subsequently, it was site of numerous battles in frequent Ottoman–Habsburg wars and often changed hands. Austrian Regent of Serbia Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg built a summer house in nearby village of Stubline (then Neudorf). During a period of Austrian rule, between 1688. and 1717, the town was called Zweibrücken ('two bridges'), and during the Turkish rule it was called Palež ('arson'), possibly as a reference to frequent looting and fires it was subjected to.[3]

On 11 April 1815, during the Second Serbian Uprising, the town was burned to the ground by Serbian forces in a battle against Ottomans. It was restored in 1859 by prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović, after whom it was named. The Municipality of Obrenovac was incorporated within community of Belgrade municipalities in 1957.[3][4]

The Day of the Municipality is December 20, the date of the decree of Prince Miloš Obrenović by which the name of Obrenovac was instituted, and its patron day is the Holy Trinity.[3]

Obrenovac was Serbian town which suffered the greatest damage by the unprecedented floods in May 2014. Most of the population has been evacuated to safety. Sudden surge of water from Kolubara river on May 15 devastated the town, killing at least 14 persons, with several persons still missing.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194841,024    
195344,484+1.63%
196148,288+1.03%
197153,260+0.98%
198162,612+1.63%
199170,234+1.16%
200270,975+0.10%
201172,524+0.24%
Source: [6]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Obrenovac has a population of 72,524 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[7]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs67,185
Romani1,574
Montenegrins200
Macedonians138
Croats106
Yugoslavs99
Muslims73
Romanians43
Hungarians37
Russians31
Bulgarians26
Others3,012
Total72,524

Economy

The largest Serbian thermal power plant TPP Nikola Tesla is located on the outskirts of the town; its chimney is widely visible as the surrounding area is generally flat.

Touristic facilities include the Zabran forest on the right bank of the Sava. It is located outside of the urban zone of Obrenovac, northeast of the town and west of the Kolubara's mouth into the Sava. It is also accessible by boat as it has a peer. The forest has trim trails and arranged excursion sites. Not far from the Zabran is the hotel "Obrenovac", located at the entry into the town from the Belgrade direction. The hotel has thermal springs and pools. In the village of Skela, in the western section of the municipality, there is a popular attraction of ethno-yard which includes the mini-zoo.[8] The forest is one of the rare remaining autochthonous high forests in the floodplains of the Sava and Kolubara rivers. The forest influences the microclimate and mitigates the bad aftermaths of the Obrenovac's high level of industrialization.[9]

There is a game hunting ground "Posavina" in the municipality.[10]

There is a green market in the centre of the town, and also flea market (as of August 2006) to the south of the town on the Valjevo road. The most famous football club from Obrenovac is FK Radnički Obrenovac; its stadium is beside the Belgrade road. The oldest school in the town is found next to Topolice. It carries the name of Jovan Popović. The school was built by Miloš Obrenović.

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[11]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing39
Mining19
Processing industry1,404
Distribution of power, gas and water2,027
Distribution of water and water waste management298
Construction600
Wholesale and retail, repair2,145
Traffic, storage and communication3,169
Hotels and restaurants290
Media and telecommunications236
Finance and insurance199
Property stock and charter35
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities426
Administrative and other services216
Administration and social assurance566
Education961
Healthcare and social work914
Art, leisure and recreation190
Other services219
Total13,955

Education

Public transport

Three bus lines connect Obrenovac with Belgrade: 860, 860E and 861A.

International cooperation

Obrenovac is twinned with following cities and municipalities:[12]

See also

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. 1 2 "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. 1 2 3 Istorija Obrenovca [History of Obrenovac] (in Serbian), archived from the original on 2014-05-21
  4. Obrenovac, Official page of the city of Belgrade
  5. Poplave (UŽIVO): Zabranjen ulaz u Obrenovac, počeli da iznose žrtve. Trodnevna žalost u zemlji
  6. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  7. "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  8. "Turistički prsten na sat od kruga „dvojke"", Politika (in Serbian), 26 March 2011
  9. Vladimir Vukasović (9 June 2013), "Prestonica dobija još devet prirodnih dobara", Politika (in Serbian)
  10. Branka Vasiljević (5 August 2018). "Lovci u Beograd stižu porodično" [Hunters travel to Belgrade with their families]. Politika (in Serbian).
  11. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-06-29. Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
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