Obilić

Obilić
Обилић/Obilić  (Serbian)
Obiliq or Obiliqi,
Kastriot or Kastrioti  (Albanian)
Town and municipality
Obilić main street
Obilić
Location of the municipality of Obilić within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°41′N 21°04′E / 42.683°N 21.067°E / 42.683; 21.067
Country Kosovo[lower-alpha 1]
District District of Pristina
Municipality 1989
Government
  Mayor Xhafer Gashi
  Municipal 105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Elevation 526 m (1,726 ft)
Population (2011)
  Urban 6,864
  Municipal 21,549
  Municipal density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 15000
Area code(s) +383 38
Car plates 01
Website kk.rks-gov.net/obiliq

Obilić (Serbian Cyrillic: Обилић), or Obiliq or Kastriot (Albanian: Obiliqi or Kastrioti), is a town and municipality located in the Pristina District of Kosovo[lower-alpha 1]. According to the 2011 census, the town of Obilić has 6,864 inhabitants, while the municipality has 21,549 inhabitants. The municipality includes the town of Obilić and 19 villages.[1]

The municipality is located immediately north-west of Pristina on the main road to Mitrovica. It was created in 1989, prior to which it formed part of Pristina municipality.[1]

Name

The name for the town, Obilić, refers to Serbian national hero Miloš Obilić who killed the Ottoman Sultan Murad I at the Battle of Kosovo (1389). In Albanian, the town is known as Obiliq (a transliteration of the Serbian name), while an alternative name (used by Albanian nationalists[2]) was coined by the Albanological Institute, Kastriot, after Albanian national hero George Kastrioti Skanderbeg (1405–1468).[3][4] It was prior to 1912 known as Globoderica (Глободерица).

Economy

There are three coal mines operating on the territory of Obilić: Belaćevac, Miraš and Sibovc. These mines are of tremendous value for Kosovo's economy and energy sector, as more than 97% of Kosovo's annual electricity production comes from there, with coal being the main resource for the power plants. There are two power plants operating on the territory of Obilić which combined produce:

Demographics

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19489,228    
195310,971+3.52%
196114,899+3.90%
197121,188+3.58%
198126,595+2.30%
199131,627+1.75%
201121,549−1.90%
2016
est.
19,165−2.32%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the 2011 census, the municipality had a population of 21,548 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The majority of the municipality is formed of Kosovo Albanians, with minorities of Kosovo Serbs, Roma, Ashkali, Bosniaks and others.

Notes and references

Notes:

  1. 1 2 Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. 1 2 OSCE Mission in Kosovo: Municipal profile of Obilić Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., April 2008. – Retrieved on 30 October 2008.
  2. Andreas Wittkowsky (2011). Grand Hotel Kosovo: Schlaglichter einer europäischen Staatsbildung. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 69. ISBN 978-3-643-11425-9.
  3. Saskia Drude (2008). Hundert Wochen Kosovo: Alltag in einem unfertigen Land. Karin Fischer Verlag. p. 99. ISBN 978-3-89514-836-1.
  4. Jean-Arnault Dérens (2006). Kosovo: année zéro. Editions Paris-Méditerranée. p. 31. ISBN 978-2-84272-248-7.

Coordinates: 42°41′24″N 21°04′40″E / 42.69000°N 21.07778°E / 42.69000; 21.07778

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