Northern Corridor Economic Region

Northern Corridor Economic Region
Koridor Utara
Economic corridor

Country Malaysia
States Perlis, Penang, Kedah, Perak
Created 30 July 2007
Headquarters George Town
  Statutory body Northern Corridor Implementation Authority
  Chief Executive Redza Rafiq
  Total 17,816 km2 (6,879 sq mi)

The Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER; Malay: Koridor Utara) is a development plan encompassing the four northwestern states of Malaysia, namely Perlis, Penang, Kedah and northern Perak. It was launched in 2007 by the federal government with an aim to transform the region into a sustainable and socio-economically balanced region by 2025. The Northern Corridor Implementation Authority (NCIA) is the statutory body responsible to establishing the NCER's direction, policies and strategies.

Background and history

Perlis, Penang, Kedah, and northern Perak (comprising the districts of Hulu Perak, Kerian, Kuala Kangsar and Larut, Matang and Selama) combine to form 7 percent of Malaysia's land area, but contributed over 20 percent to the country's GDP, 60 percent of agricultural land, 30 percent of tourism income, and 45 percent of exports in 2011, according to NCIA chief executive Redza Rafiq.[2]

The NCER blueprint was formulated by Sime Darby Berhad.[3] The plan calls for investments totaling RM117 billion over 18 years from 2007 to 2025.[3] Implementation of the plan is divided into three phases. The first phase (2007–2012) involved securing anchor investors and constructing priority infrastructure.[3] The second phase (2012–2020) aims to broaden and deepen private sector involvement, while the final phase (2020–2025) is to achieve regional market leadership through sustainable market-led growth.[3]

The plan targets five core economic sectors of the region: agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, logistics, and education and human capital.[2] Penang is a key manufacturing hub in the country and is home to manufacturing plants operated by Dell, Intel and AMD.[4] Penang and the island of Langkawi are well-known tourist destinations in Malaysia; the NCER plans to double tourist receipts and triple tourist expenditure by 2020.[2] The plan will also promote Penang Port as a trans-shipment centre.[2]


Among the key initiatives of the NCER was the construction of the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge (or Penang Second Bridge) which opened to traffic in March 2014.[5]

NCIA claims to have created more than 50,000 jobs as of 2015 since the NCER's inception.[6]


  1. "About Northern Corridor Economic Region (Koridor Utara)". Northern Corridor Implementation Authority. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Meeting with success: The Northern Corridor Economic Region builds on its existing strengths", The Report: Malaysia 2012, Oxford Business Group, 2012, retrieved 2016-02-27
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Penang As An Integrated Logistics and Transportation Hub Under Northern Corridor Economic Region" (pdf), Penang Economic Monthly, Penang Institute, 9 (8), August 2007, retrieved 2016-02-27
  4. Maierbrugger, Arno (2013-08-06). "Offset Sought For Penang's Shrinking Manufacturing Exports". Investvine. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  5. Zalinah Noordin (2015-02-27). "March 1 marks first anniversary of Penang's second bridge". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  6. "Positive NCER report card". The Sun. Bernama. 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
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