Norroy and Ulster King of Arms
The arms of office of the Norroy and Ulster King of Arms
|Jurisdiction||England north of the river Trent and Northern Ireland|
|Governing body||College of Arms|
Norroy and Ulster King of Arms is the King of Arms at the College of Heralds with jurisdiction over England north of the Trent and Northern Ireland. The two offices of Norroy and Ulster were formerly separate, but were merged in 1943. Norroy King of Arms is the older office, there being a reference as early as 1276 to a "King of Heralds beyond the Trent in the North." The name is derived from the French nord roi meaning "north king". The office of Ulster King of Arms was established in 1552 by King Edward VI to replace the older post of Ireland King of Arms, which had lapsed in 1487.
Ulster King of Arms was not part of the College of Arms and did not fall under the jurisdiction of the Earl Marshal, being the heraldic authority for the Kingdom of Ireland (the jurisdiction of the College of Arms being the Kingdom of England and Lord Lyon's Office that of the Kingdom of Scotland).
He was Registrar and King of Arms of the Order of St Patrick. Norroy and Ulster King of Arms now holds this position, though no new knights of that Order have been created since 1936, and the last surviving knight died in 1974. Heraldic matters in the Republic of Ireland are now handled by the office of the Chief Herald of Ireland (a part of the Genealogical Office in the National Library).
The arms of The new office of Norroy and Ulster King of Arms were devised in 1980 based on elements from the arms of the two former offices. They are blazoned: Quarterly Argent and Or a Cross Gules on a Chief per pale Azure and Gules a Lion passant guardant Or crowned with an open Crown between a Fleur-de-lis and a Harp Or.
Norroy Kings of Arms until 1943
- (1276) Peter de Horbury
- (1338) Andrew
- 1386–1399 John Othelake
- 1399–1426 Richard Bruges (L)
- 1426–1436 John Ashwell (L)
- 1436–1447 William Boys (L)
- 1447–1464 William Tyndale (L)
- 1464–1477 Thomas Holme
- 1477–1478 John Writhe
- 1478–1493 John Moore
- 1493-1493 Roger Machado
- 1493–1510 Christopher Carlill
- 1510-1510 Thomas Benolt
- 1510–1516 John Yonge
- 1516–1522 Thomas Wall
- 1522-1522 John Joyner
- 1522–1534 Thomas Tonge
- 1534–1536 Thomas Hawley
- 1536 Sir Christopher Barker
- 1536–1546 William Fellows
- 1546–1550 Gilbert Dethick
- 1550–1557 William Harvey
- 1557–1562 Lawrence Dalton
- 1562–1592 William Flower
- 1592–1593 Edmund Knight
- 1593–1603 William Segar
- 1603–1623 Sir Richard St George
- 1623–1634 Sir John Burroughs
- 1634–1635 Sir William le Neve
- 1635–1644 Sir Henry St George
- 1644–1645 Sir Edward Walker
- 1646–1658 William Ryley
- 1658–1660 George Owen
- 1660–1677 Sir William Dugdale
- 1677–1680 Sir Henry St George
- 1680–1686 Sir Thomas St George
- 1686–1700 Sir John Dugdale
- 1700–1704 Robert Devenish
- 1704–1729 Peter Le Neve
- 1729–1741 Stephen Leake
- 1741–1751 John Cheale
- 1751–1756 Sir Charles Townley
- 1756–1761 William Oldys
- 1761–1773 Thomas Brown
- 1773–1774 Ralph Bigland
- 1774–1780 Sir Isaac Heard
- 1780–1781 Peter Dore
- 1781–1784 Thomas Locke
- 1784–1803 George Harrison
- 1803–1822 Ralph Bigland
- 1822–1838 Edmund Lodge
- 1838–1839 Joseph Hawker
- 1839–1846 Francis Martin
- 1846–1858 James Pulman
- 1848–1849 Edward Howard-Gibbon
- 1849–1859 Robert Laurie
- 1859–1882 Walter Blount
- 1882–1894 George Cokayne
Ulster Kings of Arms until 1943
- 1552–1566 Bartholomew W. Butler, Esq.
- 1566–1588 Nicholas Narbon, Esq.
- 1588–1597 Christopher Ussher, Esq.
- 1597–1629 Daniel Molyneux, Esq.
- 1629–1633 Daniel Molyneux and Adam Ussher, Esq.
- 1633–1655 Thomas Preston, Esq.
- 1655–1660 Sir Richard Carney
- 1660–1683 Sir Richard St George
- 1683–1698 Sir Richard Carney and George Wallis, Esq.
- 1698–1722 William Hawkins, Esq.
- 1722–1759 William Hawkins and John Hawkins, Esq.
- 1759–1765 James McCulloch, Esq.
- 1765–1787 William Hawkins, Esq.
- 1787–1788 Gerald Fortescue, Esq.
- 1788–1820 Rear Admiral Sir Chichester Fortescue
- 1820–1853 Sir William Betham
- 1853–1892 Sir Bernard Burke
- 1893–1908 Sir Arthur Vicars
- 1908–1940 Sir Nevile Rodwell Wilkinson
- 1940–1943 Vacant, duties performed by Thomas Ulick Sadleir (Deputy Ulster)
Norroy and Ulster Kings of Arms from 1943
- 1943–1944 Sir Algar Howard
- 1944–1957 Sir Gerald Wollaston
- 1957–1966 Aubrey Toppin
- 1966–1971 Richard Graham-Vivian
- 1971–1980 Sir Walter Verco
- 1980–1995 John Brooke-Little
- 1995–1997 Hubert Chesshyre
- 1997–2010 Thomas Woodcock
- 2010 Patric Dickinson
- 2010–2014 Sir Henry Paston-Bedingfeld
- 2014 Timothy Duke incumbent
- "College of Arms, News and Grants – New Norroy and Ulster King of Arms". Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- The College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street : being the sixteenth and final monograph of the London Survey Committee, Walter H. Godfrey, assisted by Sir Anthony Wagner, with a complete list of the officers of arms, prepared by H. Stanford London, (London, 1963)
- A History of the College of Arms &c, Mark Noble, (London, 1804)
- List of Ulster Kings of Arms