The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.

The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-Pakistan

Year Name Field Country
9 November 1959Mohammad Reza Shah PahlaviShah of Iran Imperial State of Iran
1960Queen Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom
(Former Queen of Pakistan)
 United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961Josip Broz TitoPresident of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
1962Bhumibol AdulyadejKing of Thailand Thailand
7 December 1957Dwight EisenhowerPresident of the United States United States
1 August 1969Richard Nixon[1]President of the United States United States
1983King BirendraKing of Nepal   Nepal
23 March 1983Aga Khan IV[2]Leader of Ismaili Muslims United Kingdom
19 May 1990Morarji Desai[3]Prime Minister of India India
18 September 1992Hassanal Bolkiah[4]Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Brunei
3 October 1992Nelson Mandela[5][6]President of South Africa South Africa
10 April 1999Li PengPremier of the People's Republic of China China
6 April 1999Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[7]Emir of Qatar Qatar
21 April 2001Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said[8]Sultan of Oman Oman
1 February 2006King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[9] King of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006Hu Jintao[10] President of the People's Republic of China China
26 October 2009Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[11][12] Prime Minister of Turkey Turkey
Emperor AkihitoEmperor of Japan Japan
31 March 2010Abdullah Gul[13][14] President of Turkey Turkey
22 May 2013Li Keqiang[15]Premier of the People's Republic of China China
21 April 2015Xi Jinping[16]President of the People's Republic of China China
23 May 2018Fidel Castro[17]President of Cuba Cuba

Recipients of the Hilal-e-Pakistan

Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan), stands second in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-E-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1957Amin AhmedChief Justice of Dhaka High Court Pakistan
1958 Abdul Wahid Adamjee Businessman, Industrialist  Pakistan
1958Emperor Haile SelassieEmperor of Ethiopia Ethiopia
1962Asghar KhanCommander in Chief of Pakistan Air Force Pakistan
1964Zulfikar Ali BhuttoForeign Minister of Pakistan Pakistan[18]
1989Ruth PfauNun and Leprosy Doctor Germany
1995Sir Gerald Kaufman[19][20]British Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament United Kingdom
2005Nahyan bin Mubarak Al NahyanMinister of Culture, UAE United Arab Emirates
2008Joe Biden[21]Vice President of the United States United States
2011Ronald Noble[22]Secretary-General of Interpol United States
2012Yang Jiechi[23]Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China China
2012Princess Maha Chakri SirindhornPrincess of Thailand Thailand
2014Irina BokovaCulture Bulgaria
2015Mehriban Aliyeva[24]Culture Azerbaijan

Recipients of the Sitara-e-Pakistan

Sitara-e-Pakistan (Star of Pakistan), stands third in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan and the Hilal-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1958Aslam KhattakPolitician/chairman, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan  Pakistan
1959Abdus SalamScientist and Science Advisor to the Government of Pakistan Pakistan
1965Air Commodore Władysław Turowiczmilitary scientist and engineer Pakistan
1965Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad AhsanNaval intelligence officer and Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan
1966A G N KaziChairman Water and Power Development Authority Pakistan
1970 Jamil Ansari Editor-in-Chief Dawn 1965-1972[25]  Pakistan
1971Rear Admiral Leslie MungavinNaval Officer Pakistan
1972Chief Justice Bashiruddin Ahmed KhanJudge Pakistan
Akhtar Hameed KhanSocial scientist, he pioneered microcredit, microfinance, and rural development initiatives Pakistan
Syed Hashim Raza[26]Former Governor of East Pakistan, first administrator of Karachi (1948-1951) Pakistan
1998Himalaya SJB RanaFirst governor of Nepal, Former UN delegate to Pakistan - for his role in the development of Pakistan-Nepal friendship   Nepal
2002Mumtaz TararChairman Human Rights commission Pakistan
Habibullah Khan Khattakfor action in Burma during World War II  Pakistan
Bronte Clucas Quayle, CB, OBE, QC,for his services in drafting the Constitution of Pakistan Australia
1991James M. Shera, MBEPolitician, Head of the International Curriculum Support Services, Education Department United Kingdom
2006Grace Warrensurgeon, leprosy expert Australia
2009Greg Mortensonhumanitarian, Central Asia Institute - for promoting girls' literacy and education, and establishing schools in Pakistan United States
2008Khaled Almaeena[27]journalist, Saudi Gazette - Journalism Saudi Arabia
2009An Qiguang[28]Former Counsel General of China in Karachi for his notable services in strengthening the relations between Pakistan and China China
2012Rowan Douglas Williams[23]Anglican bishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, public services to Pakistan United Kingdom
2014General C. S. Weerasooriya[29]Former Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Pakistan Sri Lanka

Recipients of the Tamgha-e-Pakistan

Tamgha-e-Pakistan (Medal of Pakistan), stands fourth in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1959Sartaj AzizEconomics Pakistan
1965Rashid AhmedNaval officer Pakistan
1967Hermanegild Marcos Antonio DragoCommunity service Pakistan
1968Aslam Azhar[30]Television Broadcasting Pakistan
1971Ahmed Hussain A KaziPublic Service Pakistan
1987Neerja Harish BhanotPublic Service India
2012Emmanuel NicholasCommunity (Education) Sri Lanka
2012Li Xiaolin[23]Community (Investment) China
2018Muhammad Ayhan Murtazacommunity (Education) Pakistan

See also


  1. Richard Nixon, Remarks on Accepting the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Published 1 Aug 1969, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  2. "In recognition of his sense of commitment in promoting social and economic welfare activities of Pakistan", website, Published 23 March 1983, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  3. When India and Pakistan almost made peace, Morarji Desai and Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq meeting in Kenya, newspaper website, Published 11 July 2001, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  4. Foreign Honorary Awards of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  5. List of Nelson Mandela awards and honours
  6. "Mandela in Pakistan". The Independent UK newspaper. 1992-10-03. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  8. "The Al-Busaid Dynasty: Genealogy". Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  9. King Abdullah ends Asian tour with state visit to Pakistan Archived 2008-06-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. Subramanian, Nirupama (Nov 25, 2006). "Hu Jintao awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  11. Erdogan: Pakistan, Turkey can together bring peace to region Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. "Erdogan conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Nation. APP. October 27, 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  13. "Nawaz thanks Gul for supporting Pakistan in hard times". The News International. April 2, 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. "Turkish President arrives on four-day visit". Dunya News. March 30, 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  15. "Chinese PM awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan on arrival in Islamabad". Express Tribune. May 22, 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  16. "Nishan-e-Pakistan award conferred on Xi Jinping". The Hindu. PTI. Apr 21, 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  17. "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  19., Gerald Kaufman's Hilal-i-Pakistan Award listed on Pakistan High Commissioner office website, Retrieved 6 March 2017
  20. Gerald Kaufman's Hilal-i-Pakistan Award listed on The News International (newspaper) website, Published 4 March 2017, Retrieved 6 March 2017
  21. "Pakistan honours INTERPOL". Interpol. March 24, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  22. 1 2 3 Civil Awards for 2012 announced The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 14 Aug 2012, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  23. Mehriban Aliyeva: Hilal-e-Pakistan recipient serving humanity
  24. Khan, Humaira M.; Sadriwala, Maryam Murtaza (2004). Dawn: The History. Department of Mass Communication, University of Karachi.
  25. Hashim Raza passes away Dawn (newspaper), Published 1 October 2003, Retrieved 14 November 2017
  26. "Sitara-i-Imtiaz conferred on Saudi journalist". AsiaMedia. 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  27. "President confers Sitara i Pakistan on former Chinese envoy". Associated Press Of Pakistan. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  28. LTD, Lankacom PVT. "The Island". Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  29. Aslam Azhar's 'Tamgha-e-Pakistan' Award info on Dawn newspaper, Published 15 Jan 2011, Retrieved 6 June 2016
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