19 October 1929|
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
|Died||1 May 2008 78)(aged|
|Known for||Social activism|
Nirmala Deshpande (17 October 1929 – 1 May 2008) was a noted Indian social activist who had embraced Gandhian philosophy. She devoted her adult life to promotion of communal harmony and service to women, tribal people, and the dispossessed in India.
Early life and family
Deshpande was born to Vimala (विमला) and Purushottam Yashawant Deshpande (पुरुषोत्तम यशवंत देशपांडे) in Nagpur on 19 October 1929. Her father was the recipient of a Sahitya Akademi Award in 1962 for his work in Marathi Anamikachi Chintanika (अनामिकाची चिंतनिका).
Deshpande joined Vinoba Bhave's Bhoodan movement in 1952. She undertook a 40,000-km journey on foot --padayatra—across India to carry Gandhi's message of Grām Swarāj. She recognized that it was difficult to practice Gandhian principles, yet believed that doing so was the only way towards a truly democratic society.
Deshpande was known to be the spirit behind peace marches in Punjab and Kashmir when violence was at its peak in those states. Her peace mission to Kashmir in 1994 and her initiative in organizing India-Pakistan meet in 1996 were her two major public service achievements. The Tibetan cause against Chinese suppression was also close to her heart.
She searved as the president of a historical organization i.e. Harijan Sevak Sangh from June 1983 to till her death. She was involved or associated with many other social organizations and bodies. And also, she founded Akhil Bharat Rachnatmak Samaj that won the National Communal Harmony Award in 2004.
In 2006, Deshpande championed clemency for Afzal Guru, who had been convicted of a terrorist attack on Indian Parliament in 2001. (The attack had resulted in the death of 13 people.)
Deshpande visited many cities in the United States of America on a tour organized by a prominent Indian American from Lansing, Michigan in the last few years of her life. She was member of a Rajya Sabha, when she died in her sleep in the early hours of 1 May 2008, in New Delhi at the age of 79.
Deshpande authored several novels in Hindi, "Seemant", on the theme of women's liberation, and "Chimlig", based on Chinese cultural ethos, (one of which got a national award), some plays, and travelogues. She also wrote a commentary on Isha Upanishad and a biography of Vinoba Bhave.
She also founded a magazine Nityanutan and started its publishing since 1985. This magazine was dedicated to world peace and non violence and was one of the most effective magazine of carrying thoughts of non violence and peace. After her death, magazine is being published every month through crowd funding by one of her close associate Ram Mohan Rai, a social activist from Panipat (haryana).
Nirmala Deshpande ji also received first Banarsi Das Gupta "Rashtra Gaurav Puraskar" on 5 November 2007 in a function, present to her by Vice President of India Sh. Mohammad Hamid Ansari. in the presence of Smt. Sonia Gandhi (President UPA), Sh. Pawan Bansal (Cabinet Minister), Sh. Shriprakash Jaiswal (Minister of State), Sh. Bhupinder Singh Hooda (Chief Minister of Haryana), Sh. Santosh Bagrodia (Minister of State), Sh. Deepender Singh Hooda (Member of Parliament), Sh. Naveen Jindal (Member of Parliament), Sh. Ajay Gupta and many other VIPs at Balyogi Hall, Parliament of India, New Delhi.
She was conferred the Sitara-i-Imtiaz, one of Pakistan's third highest civilian honours, on 13 August 2009; the eve of Pakistan's Independence Day.
- "Veteran Gandhian Nirmala Deshpande is no more". Indian Express. 1 May 2008.
- "Nirmala Deshpande - a gutsy Gandhian". DNA. 1 May 2008.
- "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
- "Next Nirmala Deshpande award ceremony to be held in Pakistan - Times of India".
- "Veteran Gandhian Nirmala Deshpande dead". CNN-IBN. 1 May 2008.
- "The never-say-die crusader". The Tribune. 2 January 2005.
- "DAWN - Opinion; May 03, 2008". 3 May 2008.
- "Awards - NFCH". nfch.nic.in.
- "In memory of Nirmala Deshpande - Daily Times". 6 May 2014.
- "Rajya Sabha members". Rajya Sabha secretariat, New delhi. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
- "A votary of peace and harmony". The Hindu. 2 May 2008.
- "- News - Samay Live". www.samaylive.com.
- "Muniratnam dedicates his Padma to RASS workers".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nirmala Deshpande.|
- Official website
- "Nirmala Deshpande's ashes reach Karachi for immersion in the Indus". thecheers.org. 2008-05-07.