Nikolay Zelinsky

Nikolay Zelinsky
Nikolay Zelinsky in 1923
Born (1861-02-06)6 February 1861
Tiraspol, Russian Empire (now in Transnistria)
Died 31 July 1953(1953-07-31) (aged 92)
Moscow, Russia, USSR
Residence Russian
Nationality Russian
Alma mater University of Novorossiysk
Known for Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation
Awards Lenin order 1940, 1945 and 1946
Stalin Prize 1942, 1946 and 1948
Scientific career
Institutions University of Moscow, Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies

Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinsky (Никола́й Дми́триевич Зели́нский in Russian) (6 February n.s., 1861 in Tiraspol, Russian Empire – 31 July 1953 in Moscow), Russian and Soviet chemist, academician of the Academy of Sciences of USSR (1929).

Zelinsky studied at the University of Odessa and at the universities of Leipzig and Göttingen in Germany. Zelinsky was one of the founders of theory on organic catalysis. He is the inventor of the first effective filtering activated charcoal gas mask in the world (1915).[1]


Zelinsky studied at the University of Tiraspol, University of Odessa, and abroad at the University of Leipzig and University of Göttingen with Victor Meyer he received his master and his Ph.D from the University of Novorossiysk in 1888 and 1891. He was appointed professor at the University of Moscow in 1893, where worked till his retirement with the exceptions of the years between 1911 and 1917. His main research area was the chemistry of cyclic hydrocarbons.

He was president of the Moscow Society of Naturalists.[2]


The crater Zelinskiy on the Moon is named in his honor.

In 2001, the Central Bank of Transnistria minted a silver coin honoring this native of today's Transnistria, as part of a series of memorable coins called The Outstanding People of Pridnestrovie.

The Zelinskiy Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences is named after him.

See also


  1. Kozhevnikov, A.B. (2004). Stalin's great science: the times and adventures of Soviet physicists (illustrated, reprint ed.). Imperial College Press. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-1-86094-419-2. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  2. Weiner, Douglas R. (2002). A little corner of freedom : Russian nature protection from Stalin to Gorbachev. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 125. ISBN 9780520232136.

Further reading

  • A. N. Nesmeyanov, A. V. Tophiev, B. A. Kazansky and N. I. Shuikin (1953). "To the memory of academician Nikolai Dmitrievich Zelinsky". Russian Chemical Bulletin. 2 (5): 683–690. doi:10.1007/BF01178843. 
  • S. F. Birch; Delaby, R.; Birch, S. F. (1954). "Obituary notices: ... Nicholas Dimitrivich Zelinsky, 1861–1952". Journal of the Chemical Society. 2 (5): 4059–4064. doi:10.1039/JR9540004059. 
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