New York City Police Department

City of New York Police Department
NYPD patch
NYPD patrol officer's shield
Common name New York City Police Department
Abbreviation NYPD
Motto Fidelis ad mortem
(English: "Faithful Unto Death")
Agency overview
Formed May 23, 1845 (1845-05-23)
Employees 55,304
Annual budget US$5.6 billion (2018)
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction New York City, U.S.
Map of City of New York Police Department's jurisdiction.
Size 468.484 square miles (1,213.37 km2)
Population 8,537,673[1]
Legal jurisdiction New York City
General nature • Local civilian agency
Headquarters 1 Police Plaza
Park Row
Lower Manhattan
(across the street from City Hall)

Police officers 38,422 (2018)[2]
Non-officers 15,304[2]
Police Commissioner responsible
Agency executive
  • 77 Precincts
  • 12 Transit Districts
  • 9 Housing Police Service Areas
Police cars 9,624[5]
Police boats 11
Helicopters 8
Horses 45
  • 31 German Shepherds
  • 3 Bloodhounds

The City of New York Police Department, commonly known as the NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the five boroughs of New York City. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is one of the oldest police departments in the United States, and is the largest police force in the US.[6] The NYPD headquarters is at 1 Police Plaza, located on Park Row in Lower Manhattan across the street from City Hall.[7] The department's mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment." The NYPD's regulations are compiled in title 38 of the New York City Rules. The New York City Transit Police and New York City Housing Authority Police Department were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995 by New York City Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani.[8]

In June 2004, there were about 45,000 sworn officers plus several thousand civilian employees; in June 2005, the number of officers dropped to 35,000. As of December 2011, that figure increased slightly to over 36,600, helped by the graduation of a class of 1,500 from the New York City Police Academy. As of Fiscal Year 2018, the NYPD's current authorized uniformed strength is 38,422[9] There are also approximately 4,500 Auxiliary Police Officers, 5,000 School Safety Agents, 2,300 Traffic Enforcement Agents, and 370 Traffic Enforcement Supervisors currently employed by the department. The Patrolmen's Benevolent Association of the City of New York (NYC PBA), the largest municipal police union in the United States, represents over 50,000 active and retired NYC police officers.

The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Service Unit, K9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb squad, counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence, anti-gang, anti-organized crime, narcotics, public transportation, and public housing. The NYPD Intelligence Division & Counter-Terrorism Bureau has officers stationed in 11 cities internationally.[10][11] In the 1990s the department developed a CompStat system of management which has also since been established in other cities.

The NYPD has extensive crime scene investigation and laboratory resources, as well as units which assist with computer crime investigations. The NYPD runs a "Real Time Crime Center", essentially a large search engine and data warehouse operated by detectives to assist officers in the field with their investigations.[12] A Domain Awareness System, a joint project of Microsoft and the NYPD, links 6,000 closed-circuit television cameras, license plate readers, and other surveillance devices into an integrated system.[13]

Due to its high-profile location in the largest city and media center in the United States, fictionalized versions of the NYPD and its officers have frequently been portrayed in novels, radio, television, motion pictures, and video games.


The Municipal Police were established in 1845, replacing an old night watch system. Mayor William Havemeyer shepherded the NYPD together, originating the phrase "New York's Finest."[14] In 1857, it was tumultuously replaced by a Metropolitan force, which consolidated many other local police departments in 1898. Twentieth-century trends included professionalization and struggles against corruption.

Rank structure

Officers begin service with the rank of Probationary Police Officer, also referred to as Recruit Officer. After successful completion of five and a half to six months, sometimes longer of Police Academy training in various academic, physical, and tactical training, officers graduate from the Police Academy. While officially retaining the title of Probationary Police Officer, graduates are referred to as a Police Officer, or informally as a "Rookie", until they have completed an additional 18 months probationary period.

There are three career "tracks" in the NYPD: supervisory, investigative, and specialist. The supervisory track consists of 9 sworn titles, referred to as ranks. Promotion to the ranks of sergeant, lieutenant, and captain are made via competitive civil service examinations. After reaching the civil service rank of captain, promotion to the ranks of deputy inspector, inspector, deputy chief, assistant chief, (bureau)chief and chief of department are made at the discretion of the police commissioner. Promotion from the rank of police officer to detective is discretionary by the police commissioner or required by law when the officer has performed eighteen months or more of investigative duty. The entry level appointment to detective is third grade or specialist. The commissioner may grant discretionary grades of second and finally first. These grades offer compensation roughly equivalent to that of supervisors. Specifically, a second grade detective's pay roughly corresponds to a sergeant's and a first grade detective's pay roughly corresponds to a lieutenant's. Detectives are police officers who usually perform investigatory duties but no official supervisory authority. A Detective First Grade still falls under the command of a sergeant or above. Just like detectives, sergeants and lieutenants can receive pay grade increases within their respective ranks.

Title Insignia Badge design Badge color Badge number Uniform
Chief of Department Medallion with eagle and star(s) Gold, with silver star(s) No White shirt,
black peaked cap,
gold hat badge
Bureau Chief
Supervising Chief Surgeon
Bureau Chief Chaplain 
Assistant Chief
Assistant Chief Chaplain 
Assistant Chief Surgeon
Deputy Chief
Deputy Chief Chaplain 
District Surgeon
Police Surgeon
Medallion with eagle
(Chaplains have faith insignia overlaid)
Deputy Inspector Laurels and crown with oak leaves
Captain Laurels and crown
Sergeant (sleeve) Yes Navy blue shirt,
peaked cap,
gold hat badge
Detective (grades 3rd–1st) None
Police Officer Silver Yes,
matching hat badge
Navy blue shirt,
peaked cap,
silver hat badge with matching number
Probationary Police Officer
Recruit Officer Yes Slate grey,
black garrison cap
Cadet None

^ †: Uniform rank that has no police powers

There are two basic types of detective in the NYPD: detective-investigators and detective-specialists.

Detective-Investigators are the type most people associate with the term "detective" and are the ones most frequently portrayed on television and in the movies. Most police officers gain their detective title by working in the Narcotics Division of the Detective Bureau. Detectives assigned to squads are co-located within each precinct and are responsible for investigating murders, rapes, robberies, burglaries and other crimes within that precinct's boundaries. Other detective-investigators are assigned to specialized units at either the major command or citywide level, investigating terrorist groups, organized crime, narcotics dealing, extortion, bias crimes, political corruption, kidnappings, major frauds or thefts committed against banks or museums, police corruption, contractor fraud and other complex, politically sensitive or high-profile cases. A squad of detective-investigators is also assigned to each of the city's five district attorneys' offices. (Arsons are investigated by The Arson and Explosion Squad as well as fire marshals, who are part of the New York City Fire Department.)

Promotion from Police Officer to Detective-Investigator is based on investigative experience. Typically, a Police Officer who is assigned to investigative work for 18 months will be designated "Detective-Investigator" and receive the gold shield and pay increase commensurate with that designation. In the recent past, however, there has been controversy over the budget-conscious department compelling police officers to work past the 18 months without receiving the new title.

Newly appointed detectives start at Detective Third Grade, which has a pay rate roughly between that of Police Officer and Sergeant. As they gain seniority and experience, they can be "promoted" to Detective Second-Grade, which has a pay grade slightly less than sergeants. Detective First-Grade is an elite designation for the department's most senior and experienced investigators and carries a pay grade slightly less than Lieutenants. All these promotions are discretionary on the part of the Commissioner and can be revoked if warranted. And while senior detectives can give directions to junior detectives in their own squads, not even the most senior detective can lawfully issue orders to even a junior patrol officer. All Detective grades still fall under the "chain of command" of the supervisory ranks beginning with Sergeant through Chief of Department. Detectives, like Police Officers, are eligible to take the promotional civil service exams for entry into the supervisory ranks.

While carrying with them increased pay and prestige, none of these Detective grades confer on the holder any supervisory authority. Contrary to some media portrayals, there is no specific rank of "Detective Sergeant" or "Detective Lieutenant". Lieutenants and Sergeants are assigned to oversee Detective squads as Supervisors, and are responsible for all investigations.

There is a small percentage of Lieutenants and Sergeants who work as Investigative Supervisors (approximately equal to 10% of their respective ranks) and are granted the prestigious pay grade designations of "Sergeant—Supervisor Detective Squad" (SDS), or Lieutenant—Commander Detective Squad (CDS) therefore assuming full Investigative command responsibility as opposed to operational supervision. Their pay grade rises to an approximate midpoint between their normal rank and the next highest rank's pay grade, and similar to a Detective's "grade", is also a discretionary promotion. This pay grade designation is achieved by assignment to Investigative units, i.e. Detective Bureau, Internal Affairs Bureau, Counter-Terrorism Bureau, and the Intelligence Bureau. Lieutenants and Sergeants in non-investigatory assignments can be designated Lieutenant-Special Assignment or Sergeant-Special Assignment, pay equivalent to their investigative counterparts.

"Detective-specialists" are a relatively new designation and one unique to the NYPD. In the 1980s, many detectives resented that some officers were being granted the rank of detective in order to give them increased pay and status, but were not being assigned to investigative duties. Examples included officers assigned as bodyguards and drivers to the mayor, police commissioner and other senior officials.

To remedy this situation, the rank of detective-specialist was created. These officers are typically found in specialized units because they possess a unique or esoteric skill the department needs, e.g., crime-scene tech, sharpshooter, bomb technician, scuba instructor, helicopter instructor, sketch artist, etc. Like detective-investigators, detective-specialists start at third-grade and can be promoted to second- or first-grade status.

The Department is administered and governed by the Police Commissioner, who is appointed by the Mayor. Technically, the commissioner serves a five-year term; as a practical matter, the commissioner serves at the Mayor's pleasure. The commissioner in turn appoints numerous deputy commissioners. The commissioner and his subordinate deputies are civilians under an oath of office and are not uniformed members of the force who are sworn officers of the law. However, a police commissioner who comes up from the uniformed ranks retains that status while serving as police commissioner. This has ramifications for their police pensions and the fact that any police commissioner who is considered sworn does not need a pistol permit to carry a firearm, and does retain the statutory powers of a police officer. Some police commissioners (like Ray Kelly) do carry a personal firearm, but they also have a full-time security detail from the Police Commissioner's (Detective) Squad.

A First Deputy Police Commissioner may have a security detail when he/she acts as commissioner or under other circumstances as approved by the police commissioner.

Commissioner titles:

Title Insignia
Police Commissioner
First Deputy Commissioner
Deputy Commissioner

These individuals are administrators who supersede the Chief of Department, and they usually specialize in areas of great importance to the Department, such as counterterrorism, support services, public information, legal matters, intelligence, and information technology. Despite their role, as civilian administrators of the Department, deputy commissioners are prohibited from taking operational control of a police situation (the Commissioner and the First Deputy Commissioner may take control of these situations, however).

Within the rank structure, there are also designations, known as "grades", that connote differences in duties, experience, and pay. However, supervisory functions are generally reserved for the rank of sergeant and above.

Badges in the New York City Police Department are referred to as "shields" (the traditional term), though not all badge designs are strictly shield-shaped. Every rank has a different badge design (with the exception of Police Officer and Probationary Police Officer), and upon change in rank officers receive a new badge. Lower-ranked police officers are identified by their shield numbers, and tax registry number. Lieutenants and above do not have shield numbers and are identified by tax registry number. All sworn members of the NYPD have their ID card photos taken against a red background. Civilian employees of the NYPD have their ID card photos taken against a blue background, signifying that they are not commissioned to carry a firearm. All ID cards have an expiration date.

Organization and structure

Office of the Chief of Department

The Chief of Department serves as the senior sworn member of the NYPD.[15] Terence Monahan is the 40th individual to hold the post, which prior to 1987 was known as the Chief of Operations and before that as Chief Inspector.[16]


The Department is divided into twenty bureaus,[17] which are typically commanded by a uniformed Bureau Chief (such as the Chief of Patrol and the Chief of Housing) or a civilian Deputy Commissioner (such as the Deputy Commissioner of Information Technology). The bureaus fit under four umbrellas: Patrol, Transit & Housing, Investigative, and Administrative. Bureaus are often subdivided into smaller divisions and units.

Patrol Services BureauChief of PatrolThe Patrol Services Bureau is the largest and most visible bureau in the NYPD, overseeing the majority of the department's uniformed officers on patrol.The bureau is divided into eight borough commands, which are further divided into 77 police precincts.
Special Operations BureauChief of Special OperationsThe Special Operations Bureau was created to enhance the department's coordinated response to major events and incidents that require specifically trained and equipped personnel.The bureau oversees the Emergency Service Unit, the Aviation Unit, the Harbor Unit, and the Mounted Unit. The bureau is also responsible for the Strategic Response Group and the Crisis Outreach and Support Unit.
Transit BureauChief of TransitThe Transit Bureau is responsible for the safety and security of the 5.6 million passengers who use the New York City subways each day. Members of the Transit Bureau patrol the subway's 25 lines, 472 stations, and nearly 250 miles of passenger rail line.The bureau comprises 12 transit districts, each located within or adjacent to the subway system, and overseen by three borough commands: Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Bronx/Queens. District personnel are supplemented by members of several specialized units within the Transit Bureau—including three borough Task Forces, Anti-Terrorism Unit, Citywide Vandals Task Force, Canine Unit, Special Projects Unit, and MetroCard Fraud Task Force.
Housing BureauChief of HousingThe Housing Bureau is responsible for the safety of nearly a half-million residents, employees, and visitors in the city's housing developments.The bureau is divided into nine police service areas, which each cover a collection of housing developments.
Transportation BureauChief of TransportationThe Transportation Bureau is responsible for the safety and security of motorists, passengers, pedestrians, and cyclists on the streets and highways throughout New York City and manages traffic control.The bureau oversees the Traffic Management Center, Highway District, Traffic Operations District, and Traffic Enforcement District, in addition to several units.
Counterterrorism BureauChief of CounterterrorismThe NYPD Counterterrorism Bureau (CT) is the city's primary local resource to guard against the threat of international and domestic terrorism in New York City.The bureau contains the Critical Response Command, Counterterrorism Division, Terrorism Threat Analysis Group, Lower Manhattan Security Initiative, and World Trade Center Command.
Crime Control Strategies BureauChief of Crime Control StrategiesThe Office of Crime Control Strategies analyzes and monitors trends across the city and develops strategies targeted to reducing crime, ensuring that these strategies are applied across all units of the NYPD.The bureau is divided into the CompStat Unit and Crime Analysis Unit.
Detective BureauChief of DetectivesThe Detective Bureau is responsible for the prevention, detection, and investigation of crime, and its work often complements the work of police officers assigned to the precincts.The bureau oversees the Borough Investigative Commands, Special Victims Division, Forensic Investigations Division, Special Investigations Division, Criminal Enterprise Division, Fugitive Enforcement Division, Real Time Crime Center, District Attorneys Squad, Grand Larceny Division, Gun Violence Suppression Division, and Vice Enforcement Division.
Intelligence BureauChief of IntelligenceThe mission of the NYPD Intelligence Bureau is to detect and disrupt criminal and terrorist activity through the use of intelligence-led policing.NYPD Intelligence operations are divided by functional responsibility: Intelligence Operations and Analysis Section (IOAS) and the Criminal Intelligence Section (CIS).
Internal Affairs BureauDeputy Commissioner of Internal AffairsThe Internal Affairs Bureau (IAB) detects, investigates, and brings to justice New York City police officers and civilians who engage in misconduct and corruption.N/A
AdministrationDeputy Commissioner of AdministrationThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Administration (DCA), was created in early 2014 and acts as the liaison to the department's fraternal, religious, and line organizations.DCA oversees the Employee Relations Section, the Chaplains Unit, and the Ceremonial Unit.
Collaborative PolicingDeputy Commissioner of Collaborative PolicingThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing (DCCP), partners with other city agencies, non-profits, community-based organizations, the faith-based community, and other New York City stakeholders on a wide variety of public-safety initiatives.N/A
Community Affairs BureauChief of Community AffairsThe Community Affairs Bureau (CAB) partners with community leaders, civic organizations, block associations, and concerned citizens to educate them on police policies and practices.The Community Affairs Bureau oversees four divisions: Community Outreach Division, Crime Prevention Division, Juvenile Justice Division, and School Safety Division.
Information Technology BureauDeputy Commissioner of Information TechnologyThe Information Technology Bureau (ITB) develops and implements technology to support strategies, programs and procedures that promote safety, efficiency, and effectiveness.ITB has six divisions: Administration, Fiscal Affairs, Strategic Technology, IT Services Division, Life-Safety Systems, and the Communications Division.
Legal MattersDeputy Commissioner of Legal MattersThe NYPD Legal Bureau provides assistance to law enforcement personnel regarding department legal matters. The Legal Bureau also has a memorandum of understanding with the Manhattan DA to selectively prosecute New York City Criminal Court summons court cases.[18][19]The bureau comprises the Civil Enforcement Unit, Criminal Section, Civil Section, Legislative Affairs Unit, Document Production/FOIL, and the Police Action Litigation Section (PALS).
PersonnelChief of PersonnelThe Personnel Bureau is responsible for the recruitment and selection of personnel and for managing the human resource functions of the NYPD.The bureau oversees the Candidate Assessment Division, Career Enhancement Division, Employee Management Division, Personnel Orders Section, and Staff Services Section.
Public InformationDeputy Commissioner of Public InformationThe Office of the Deputy Commissioner, Public Information (DCPI), works with local, national, and international media organizations to provide information to the public.N/A
Risk ManagementAssistant Chief, Risk ManagementThe Risk Management Bureau measures the performance of police officers and identifies officers who might be in need of enhanced training or supervision.N/A
Support Services BureauDeputy Commissioner of Support ServicesWhile the bureau handles a wide range of equipment and storage-related functions, the bulk of its operations center on the NYPD's vehicle fleet and its evidence warehouses.The Support Services Bureau oversees the Fleet Services Division, Property Clerk Division, Central Records Division, and the Printing Section.
Training BureauChief of TrainingThe NYPD Training Bureau provides recruits, uniformed officers, and civilians with academic, tactical, and technological information.The Training Bureau's training section includes: Recruit Training Section, Physical Training and Tactics Department, Tactical Training Unit, Firearms and Tactics Section, COBRA Training, In-Service Tactical Training Unit, Driver Education and Training Unit, Computer Training Unit, Civilian Training Program, School Safety Training Unit, Instructor Development Unit, Criminal Investigation Course, Leadership Development Section, and Citizens Police Academy.

Crime prevention

Domain Awareness System

In August 2008, the Lower Manhattan Security Initiative in a partnership between the New York City Police Department and Microsoft began the Domain Awareness System to monitor New York City.[20] The program allowed the department to track surveillance targets and gain detailed information about them. The system is connected to 6,000[21] video cameras around New York City as well as check radiological and nuclear detectors onboard helicopters, trucks and boats as well as detectors on police officers' gun belts that were so sensitive that people who have had medical procedures may trigger them. Lower Manhattan now includes thousands of surveillance cameras that can identify shapes and sizes of unidentified "suspicious" packages and can track people within seconds using descriptions such as "someone wearing a red shirt". In 2009, an extension into Midtown Manhattan was announced[22] and by 2012 the program was fully implemented.

The system was also licensed out to other cities with New York City getting 30% of the profits.[23] The system's development costs were estimated at US$40 million.[24]

This system was highlighted in a May 2013 episode of PBS' Nova on tracking the Boston Marathon Bombers.[25]



The NYPD presents medals to its members for meritorious service.


As of the end of 2010, 53% of the entire 34,526-member police force were white and 47% were members of minority groups. Of 22,199 officers on patrol, 53% (11,717) were black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American, and 47% (10,482) were non-Hispanic white. Of 5,177 detectives, 57% (2,953) were white and 43% (2,225) were people of color. Of 4,639 sergeants, 61% (2,841) were white and 39% (1,798) were minorities. Of 1,742 lieutenants, 76% (1,323) were white and 24% (419) were people of color. Of 432 captains, 82% (356) were white and 18% (76) were minorities. Of 10 chiefs, 7 were white and 3 were people of color. In 2002, whites accounted for 60% of members in the rank of police officer. Between 2002 and 2010, the number of minorities in top-tier positions in the force increased by about 4.5%.[26]

Corruption and misconduct

The Civilian Complaint Review Board is an all-civilian, 13-member panel tasked with investigating misconduct or lesser abuse accusations against NYPD officers, including use of excessive force, abuse of authority, discourtesy and offensive language. Complaints against officers may be filed online, by U.S. mail, by phone or in person at any NYPD station.[27]


The NYPD is affiliated with the New York City Police Foundation and the New York City Police Museum. It also runs a Youth Police academy to provide positive interaction with police officers and to educate young people about the challenges and responsibility of police work. The department also provides a citizen Police Academy which educates the public on basic law and policing procedures.

Fallen officers

According to the Officer Down Memorial Page, the NYPD has lost 905 officers in the line of duty since 1849, the most recent officer having been on January 13, 2018. This figure includes officers from agencies that were later absorbed by or became a part of the modern NYPD in addition to the NYPD itself. This number also includes officers killed on and off duty by gunfire of other officers on duty. The NYPD lost 23 officers in the September 11, 2001 attacks, not including another 135 who died of illnesses related to the attacks.[28]

Type Number
9/11-related illness137
Aircraft accident7
Animal related19
Automobile accident50
Bicycle accident4
Boating accident5
Duty-related illness9
Exposure to toxins3
Gunfire (accidental)26
Heart attack49
Motorcycle accident36
Struck by streetcar7
Struck by train4
Struck by vehicle41
Structure collapse3
Terrorist attack24
Vehicle pursuit12
Vehicular assault22


Patrol cars
Ford Crown Victoria
 United States (origin)
 Canada (manufacture)

Ford Police Interceptor Sedan[30][31]
 United States

Chevrolet Impala
 United States (origin)
 Canada (manufacture)

Ford Fusion Hybrid
 United States

Nissan Altima
 Japan (origin)
 United States (manufacture)

Dodge Charger
 United States (origin)
 Canada (manufacture)

  • Highway patrol
Toyota Prius

  • Traffic enforcement
Chevrolet Volt
 United States

  • Traffic enforcement
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon
 United States

Ford Explorer Special Service Vehicle
 United States

  • Patrol and Traffic Enforcement
Ford Escape Hybrid
 United States

  • Patrol and Traffic Enforcement
Parking enforcement
Westward Go-4 Interceptor

Cushman Truckster
 United States

Smart ForTwo
 Germany (origin)
 France (manufacture)

Ford F550 XL Super Duty Tow Truck
 United States

Emergency Service Unit vehicles
Lenco Peacekeeper
 United States

Lenco BearCat
 United States

  • Armored vehicle
  • five in use by the ESU
Modified Ford F-550
 United States

  • ESU Radio Emergency Patrol
Mack M-series rescue truck
 United States

  • ESU Heavy Rescue Truck
Communications vans
Chevrolet P30 van
 United States

LDV Custom Speciality Vehicles USA 40' Freightliner MT55
 United States

  • Communications Division Command Post
Modified Blue Bird All American Bus
 United States

  • Communications Division Command Post
Police buses
AmTran body on Navistar International chassis
 United States

TMC/Nova Bus RTS
 United States

Orion V Suburban
 Canada (origin)
 United States (manufacture)

AgustaWestland AW119

 United Kingdom &  Italy

Bell Helicopter Bell 429
 United States

Bell Helicopter 412
Ford E-Series
 United States

Modified Hummer H1
 United States

John Deere Gator
 United States

GMC C6500
 United States

T3 Motion Patroller - Tri-wheel scooter
 United States

Kenworth T700 chassis Dump Truck
 United States

There are many more NYPD Vehicles that are not on this list.

Vehicles also include police motorcycles.

Vehicle appearance

The current NYPD vehicle appearance is an all-white vehicle body with two blue stripes along each side of the car. The word "POLICE" is printed in small text above the front wheel wells, and as "NYPD Police" above the grille opening. The NYPD shoulder patch is printed on both sides just in front of the front doors or on the front doors. The letters "NYPD" are printed in blue Rockwell Extra Bold font on the front doors, and the NYPD motto "Courtesy, Professionalism, Respect" is printed on the rear doors. The unit's shop number is printed on the rear decklid. The shop number is also printed on the rear side panels above the gas intake, along with the number of the unit's assigned precinct.

Some NYPD Auxiliary units used a modified paint job, with dark blue or black carbody and white stripes on the sides. The text on the car was also printed in white. These were phased out in favor of units painted in a modified version of the regular NYPD paint job, with the word "AUXILIARY" printed on the rear side panels and trunk.

Some School Safety units used a modified paint job, with dark blue carbody and white stripes on the sides. The text on the car was also printed in white. These were phased out in favor of units painted in a modified version of the regular NYPD paint job, with the words "SCHOOL SAFETY" printed on the rear side panels and trunk.

Some Traffic Enforcement units used a modified paint job, with dark blue carbody and white stripes on the sides. The text on the car was also printed in white. These were phased out in favor of units painted in a modified version of the regular NYPD paint job, with the word "TRAFFIC" printed on the rear side panels and trunk.


On duty

New NYPD officers are allowed to choose from one of three 9mm service pistols: the SIG Sauer P226 DAO, Glock 17 Gen4, and Glock 19 Gen3.[32] All duty handguns are modified to a 12-pound (53 N) NY-2 trigger pull.[33]

The Smith & Wesson 5946 was initially issued to new recruits;[34] however, the manufacturer stopped producing the weapon.[35] It is no longer an option for new hires, though officers who currently utilize the weapon are grandfathered in and may continue to use it. After the switch in 1994 to semiautomatic pistols, officers who privately purchased revolvers before January 1, 1994, will be allowed to use them for duty use until August 31, 2018. They will then be grandfathered in as approved off-duty guns.[32]

Shotgun-certified officers were authorized to carry Ithaca 37 shotguns, which are being phased out in favor of the newer Mossberg 590. Officers and detectives belonging to special investigative units, Organized Crime Control Bureau, NYPD's Emergency Service Unit, Counter-terrorism Bureau and Strategic Response Group are armed with a range of select-fire weapons and long guns, such as the Colt M4A1 carbine and similar-pattern AR-15 rifles, Ruger Mini-14 rifle, Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun, and the Remington Model 700 bolt-action rifle.[36]

Off duty

The firearms approved by the NYPD for off duty carry are the Glock 26, Smith & Wesson 3914 DAO, Smith & Wesson 3953TSW, Smith & Wesson Model 640 (.38 revolver), SIG Sauer P239 DAO, Springfield XDS, Smith & Wesson M&P Shield and the Beretta 8000D Mini Cougar.

Discontinued from service

From 1926 until 1986 the standard weapons of the department were the Smith & Wesson Model 10 and the Colt Official Police .38 Special revolvers with four-inch barrels. Female officers had the option to choose to carry a three-inch barrel revolver instead of the normal four inch model due to its lighter weight. Prior to 1994 the standard weapon of the NYPD was the Smith & Wesson Model 64 DAO (Double Action Only) .38 Special revolver with a three or four inch barrel. This type of revolver was called the Model NY-1 by the department.

Prior to the issuing of the 9mm semi-automatic pistol NYPD detectives and plainclothes officers often carried the Colt Detective Special and/or the Smith & Wesson Model 36 "Chief's Special" .38 Special caliber snub-nosed (2-inch) barrel revolvers for their ease of concealment while dressed in civilian clothes.

The Kahr K9 9 mm pistol was an approved off-duty/backup weapon from 1998 to 2011. It was pulled from service because it could not be modified to a 12-pound trigger pull.

See also


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  2. 1 2 "FBI — Table 78". Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  3. "Commissioner James P. O'Neill". New York City Police Department. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  4. "Chief of Department Terence Monahan". New York City Police Department. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  5. "Fleet Report - Mayor's Office of Operations".
  6. "Bureau of Justice Statistics - Appendix table 1" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. p. 34. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  7. "Property Clerk". New York City Police Department. February 16, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  8. Myers, Steven Lee. "Giuliani Wins Police Merger In M.T.A. Vote".
  9. "Fiscal 2018 Preliminary Budget for the New York Police Department" (PDF). New York City Council. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  10. "Document shows NYPD eyed Shiites based on religion". Associated Press. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  11. Hartmann, Margaret (January 27, 2012). "NYPD Now Has an Israel Branch". New York. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  12. From database to crime scene
  13. "NYPD launches new all-seeing 'Domestic Awareness System'". RT. July 30, 2012. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012.
  14. Wall Street Journal, May 13, 2017, pg.C6
  15. "NYPD Administration".
  16. "NYPD - Administration". Archived from the original on 2016-09-20.
  17. "Bureaus". New York Police Department. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  18. Dolmetsch, Chris (14 December 2011). "Occupy Wall Street Judge Refuses to Throw Out Summonses". Bloomberg News.
  19. Pinto, Nick (November 3, 2016). "Protesters Sue to Stop NYPD from Acting as Prosecutors". The Village Voice.
  20. "News from the Blue Room". The City of New York. Office of the Mayor. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  21. "NYPD expands surveillance net to fight crime as well as terrorism". Reuters. June 21, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
  22. ""Ring of Steel" Coming to Midtown". WNYC. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  23. Ungerleider, Neal (August 8, 2012). "NYPD, Microsoft Launch All-Seeing "Domain Awareness System" With Real-Time CCTV, License Plate Monitoring [Updated]". Fast Company. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  24. Long, Colleen (February 20, 2013). "NYPD, Microsoft Create Crime-Fighting 'Domain Awareness' Tech System". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  25. "Manhunt—Boston Bombers" (Video). NOVA. PBS. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  26. El-Ghobashy, Tamer (January 7, 2011). "Minorities Gain in NYPD Ranks". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  27. "NYC Civilian Complaint Review Board". Retrieved 2015-03-28.
  28. "The Officer Down Memorial Page".
  29. "New York City Police Department, NY". The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP). Retrieved 2018-02-14.
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Further reading

  • Darien, Andrew T. Becoming New York's Finest: Race, Gender, and the Integration of the NYPD, 1935–1980. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
  • Miller, Wilbur R. Cops and bobbies: Police authority in New York and London, 1830–1870 (The Ohio State University Press, 1999)
  • Monkkonen, Eric H. Police in Urban America, 1860–1920 (2004)
  • Richardson, James F. The New York Police, Colonial Times to 1901 (Oxford University Press, 1970)
  • Richardson, James F. "To Control the City: The New York Police in Historical Perspective". In Cities in American History, eds. Kenneth T. Jackson and Stanley K. Schultz (1972) pp. 3–13.
  • Thale, Christopher. "The Informal World of Police Patrol: New York City in the Early Twentieth Century", Journal of Urban History (2007) 33#2 pp. 183–216.
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