New York's at-large congressional seat

On three occasions in New York history, some members of the United States House of Representatives were elected statewide at-large. This was due to an increase of the number of representatives after the previous federal census, and the failure of the State Legislature to re-apportion the congressional districts in time for the next election.

In 1872 and 1882, one representative each was elected for the ensuing term. The Legislature then re-apportioned the congressional districts before the elections in 1874 and 1884.

From 1933 to 1945, two representatives elected at-large sat in the House because the Legislature could not agree on a re-apportionment of the districts. For the election to the 79th United States Congress, which was held in 1944, the congressional districts were finally re-apportioned.

List of representatives

1873–1875: One seat

New York gained one seat following the 1870 Census.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Lyman Tremain Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872.

Retired.

1883–1885: One seat

New York gained one seat following the 1880 Census.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Henry W. Slocum Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
Elected in 1882.

[Data unknown/missing.]

1933–1945: Two seats

New York gained two seats following the 1930 Census.

Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935

John Fitzgibbons
Democratic Elected in 1932.

Retired.

Elmer E. Studley
Democratic Elected in 1932.

Retired.
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943

Matthew J. Merritt
Democratic First elected in 1934.

Re-elected in 1936.

Re-elected in 1938.

Re-elected in 1940.

Caroline O'Day
Democratic First elected in 1934.

Re-elected in 1936.

Re-elected in 1938.

Re-elected in 1940.

Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Re-elected in 1942.

Retired.

Winifred C. Stanley
Republican Elected in 1942.

Retired.

References

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