New International Encyclopedia

The New International Encyclopedia was an American encyclopedia first published in 1902 by Dodd, Mead and Company.[1] It descended from the International Cyclopaedia (1884) and was updated in 1906, 1914 and 1926.

History

The New International Encyclopedia was the successor of the International Cyclopaedia (1884). Initially, the International Cyclopaedia was largely a reprint of Alden's Library of Universal Knowledge, which was a reprint of the British Chambers's Encyclopaedia. The title was changed to New International Encyclopedia in 1902, with editors Harry Thurston Peck, Daniel Coit Gilman, and Frank Moore Colby.[2]

The encyclopedia was popular and reprints were made in 1904, 1905, 1907 (corrected and expanded to 20 volumes), 1909 and 1911. The 2nd edition appeared from 1914 to 1917 in 24 volumes. With Peck and Gilman deceased, Colby was joined by a new editor, Talcott Williams.[3] This edition was set up from new type and thoroughly revised. It was very strong in biography.[4]

A third edition was published in 1923, however this was mostly a reprint with the addition of a history of the First World War in Vol. 24, which had previously been a reading and study guide. A two volume supplement was published in 1925, and this was incorporated into the 1927 reprint, which had 25 vols. A further 2 vol. supplement in 1930 along with another reprint.[5]

The final edition was published in 1935, now under the Funk and Wagnall's label. This edition included another updating supplement, authored by Herbert Treadwell Wade. Some material from the New International would be incorporated into future books published by Funk and Wagnall's books such as Funk & Wagnalls Standard Reference Encyclopaedia.[6]

The 1926 material was printed in Cambridge, Massachusetts, by Yale University Press. Boston Bookbinding Company of Cambridge produced the covers. Thirteen books enclosing twenty-three volumes comprise the encyclopedia, which includes a supplement after Volume 23. Each book contains about 1600 pages.[7]

New International Yearbook

Like other encyclopedias of the time, New International had a yearly supplement, the New International Yearbook, beginning in 1908. Like the encyclopedia itself, this publication was sold to Funk and Wagnalls in 1931. It was edited by Frank Moore Colby until his death in 1925, and then by Wade. In 1937 Frank Horace Vizetelly became editor.[8] The yearbook outlasted the parent encyclopedia, running to 1966.[9]

Contributors and office editors

More than 500 men, and some women, submitted and composed the information contained in the New International Encyclopedia.

Editors of the First Edition

  • Daniel Coit Gilman, LL.D., President of Johns Hopkins University (1876–1901), President of Carnegie Institution.
  • Harry Thurston Peck, Ph.D., L.H.D.
  • Frank Moore Colby, M.A., formerly Professor in New York University.

Editors of the Second Edition

References

  1. New International Encyclopedia
  2. Walsh, S. Padraig, 1922- Anglo-American general encyclopedias: a historical bibliography, 1703-1967 New York : Bowker, p.120
  3. Walsh p.120
  4. "Encyclopedias," in The Encyclopedia Americana, (1988) Volume 10, Page 333
  5. Walsh p.121
  6. Walsh p.121
  7. Bessie Graham, Bookman's manual (1928) – Page 28
  8. Walsh p.121
  9. The New International Yearbook : a compendium of the world's progress for the year....
Gilman, Daniel Coit; Peck, Harry Thurston; Colby, Frank Moore, eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead. 
volEditionInternet ArchiveWikisource (incomplete)YearFrom  ToNotes
11stIA 1WS 11905A  Aristogoras
21stIA 2 WS 21905Aristarchus  Bessières
31stIA 3WS 31905Bessus  Cairns
41stIA 4WS 41905Cairo  Classification of Ships
51stIA 5WS 51905Classis  Da Vinci
61stIA 6WS 61905Davioud  Ellery
71stIA 7WS 71905Ellesmere  Fontanel
81stNot availableWS 81903Fontanes  GoetheAlternatives
Google Books:
  • GB 8 (this volume is not universally accessible).

1903 edition, from the Ontario Council of University Libraries digitized in 2009, in the Internet Archive:

91stIA 9WS 91905Goethite  Heritable Jurisdictions
101stIA 10WS 101905Herjulfson  Ishpeming
111stIA 11WS 111905Ishtar  Latitudinarians
121stIA 12WS 121905Latium  Manna
131stIA 13WS 131905Manna-Croup  Morganitic Marriage
141stIA 14WS 141905Morgan City  Omul
151stIA 15WS 151905Ona  PickeringThe Internet Archive edition is missing pp. 6-7, but see the 1906 volume for the first edition at Google Books, which appears to be about the same thing, and does have these pages.
161stIA 16 WS 161905Pickersgill  Reid
171stIA 17WS 171905Reifferscheid  Servian Wall
181stIA 18WS 181905Service-berry  Tagus
191stIA 19 WS 191905Taharka  Vampire
201stIA 20WS 201905Van  Zyrians
New International Encyclopedia (incomplete)
VolumeEditionYearcopyright lastFrom  To
Volume 32nd1928[1924]Bazaine  Brock
Volume 42nd1928[1924]Brockelmann  Chaeremon
Volume 52nd1914 Chæronia  Consuelo
Volume 62nd1928Consul  Didymograptus
Volume 82nd[1922]Enteritis  Foraker
Volume 102nd1928[1922]Glacial  Havre de Grace
Volume 122nd1915 Imaginary  Jouy
Volume 132nd1915[1915]Jovanovich  Leprohon
Volume 172nd1916 Newfoundland  Panjab
Volume 182nd1916Panjabi  Poliziano
Volume 192nd1916[1916]Polk  Rigging
Volume 202nd1916[1916]Riggs  Shilluck
Volume 212nd1916 Shiloh  Tarsus
Volume 222nd1916 Tartaglia  Valiant
Volume 24Sup19301930 Abbe  Lyons
Volume 25Sup1930[1930]Municipal  Zweig
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