|Founded||15 November 2013|
|Dissolved||18 March 2017|
|Split from||The People of Freedom|
|Succeeded by||Popular Alternative|
Via Arcione 71|
|Youth wing||Youth NCD|
|National affiliation||Popular Area|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
The party was launched on 15 November 2013 by a group of dissidents of The People of Freedom (PdL) who opposed the party's transformation into Forza Italia (FI), which would take place the day after. The NCD leader was Angelino Alfano, who had been Silvio Berlusconi's protégé and national secretary of the PdL from 2011 to 2013.
On 11 September 2014 the NCD was officially accepted into the European People's Party (EPP).
On 18 March 2017 the NCD was dissolved into Popular Alternative (AP).
Background and foundation
The party was formed by splinters from the PdL on 15 November 2013. Its founders, lately known as "doves" in the party, were strong supporters of Enrico Letta's government and refused to join the new Forza Italia (FI), founded upon the dissolution of the PdL. All five PdL ministers, three under-secretaries, 30 senators and 27 deputies immediately joined the NCD. Most were Christian democrats and many came from the southern regions of Calabria and Sicily.
Besides Alfano (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior), leading members included Maurizio Lupi (Minister of Infrastructure and Transport), Nunzia De Girolamo (Minister of Agriculture), Beatrice Lorenzin (Minister of Health), Gaetano Quagliariello (Minister of Constitutional Reforms), Giuseppe Scopelliti (President of Calabria), Roberto Formigoni (former President of Lombardy), Renato Schifani (former President of the Senate and PdL floor leader until November 2013), Fabrizio Cicchitto (former PdL leader in the Chamber in 2008–2013) and Carlo Giovanardi (a former minister for the UDC).
Support to Renzi and Popular Area
In February 2014, after the fall of Letta's government, the NCD joined a new coalition government led by Matteo Renzi, who had been elected secretary of the Democratic Party (PD) in December 2013. In the new government the NCD retained three ministers: Alfano at the Interior, Lupi at Infrastrctures and Transports, and Lorenzin at Health. Quagliariello, who had not been confirmed as minister of Institutional Reforms, was elected national coordinator by the assembly of the parliamentary groups.
The party ran in the 2014 European Parliament election on a joint list with the Union of the Centre (UdC). The list obtained 4.4% of the vote and three MEPs, two for the NCD and one for the UdC. The list did especially well in the South: 7.1% in Apulia, 11.4% in Calabria and 9.1% in Sicily.
In December 2014 the NCD formed joint parliamentary groups with the UdC in both the Chamber of Deputies and Senate. The two groups, a step toward a complete merger of the two parties, were named Popular Area, where "popular" was a reference to popolarismo, the Italian variety of Christian democracy.
Internal squabbles and splits
Following Alfano's decision to support Sergio Mattarella's bid to become President of Italy during the 2015 presidential election (Matteralla was effectively elected on 31 January), the NCD experienced an internal crisis. Most notably, Barbara Saltamartini and Maurizio Sacconi resigned from party's spokesperson and leader in the Senate, respectively. Schifani was unanimously elected to succeed to Sacconi, while Saltamartini left the party altogether. In March Lupi was hit by a minor corruption scandal and resigned from minister of Infrastrctures and Transports. As result, the party was left with only two ministers. In April De Girolamo, a frequent critic of the government since Mattarella's election, was replaced as leader in the Chamber by Lupi. During the summer, one deputy (De Girolamo, who had been a founder of The Republicans) and one MEP (Massimiliano Salini) re-joined FI.
A bigger blow to Alfano came in October, when Quaglieriello resigned from coordinator and threatened to led a splinter group out of the party if the NCD were to continue its support to Renzi. In the following weeks, Quaglieriello deserted a meeting of the party's national board and made clear he was leaving the party. Two deputies (Vincenso Piso and Eugenia Roccella) and two collagues of Quaglieriello (Andrea Augello and Giovanardi) in the Senate followed suit. These, along with a fourth senator (Luigi Compagna, a former Liberal) finally launched Identity and Action (IDEA).
In February 2016, during a government reshuffle, NCD's Enrico Costa was appointed minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies. Shortly afterwards, it was announced by Lorenzin that the party would soon change its name, dropping the word "right", or take part to the formation of an entirely new party.
After NCD's dismal results in the 2016 local elections, several MPs, mainly senators, started weighing on leaving the party. In July 2016 Schifani, who criticised the party's permanence in the government and aimed at re-unifying the Italian fractured centre-right, stepped down from leader in the Senate and was replaced by Laura Bianconi, a close ally of Alfano. A couple of weeks later, Schifani left the party, along with another senator, and returned to FI.
Road to the new party
In the run-up of the 2016 constitutional referendum the UdC campaigned for the "no", while the NCD was among the keenest supporters of the "yes". After the referendum, which saw a huge defeat by the "no" side, the UdC left AP altogether, but some splinters named Centrists for Italy, notably including Pier Ferdinando Casini and minister Gian Luca Galletti, stayed with AP. The referendum's result and the demise of Renzi Cabinet revived NCD's internal tensions too, that led to splits (one deputy left in December, one senator in February). In the following government led by Democrat Paolo Gentiloni, Alfano was sworn in as minister of Foreign Affairs, while Lorenzin, Galletti (CpI) and Costa were confirmed as ministers of Health, the Environment and Regional Affairs, respectively.
On 18 March 2017 the party was dissolved in order to make way for Popular Alternative (AP), which consisted in most of the former NCD.
Ideology and factions
Despite being home to some social democrats (Reformism and Freedom, We Reformers), the party was mainly a Christian-democratic party with a social-conservative streak. According to Corriere della Sera, differently from FI, NCD's stances on the "so-called ethical issues" (abortion, LGBT rights, etc.) were "closer to those of the European traditionalist right" and "thus not very compatible with those of the EPP's parties in big countries such as Germany". However, the party voted in favor of civil unions, whereas most FI members voted against it. The NCD was also criticised by some Catholic associations for not opposing enough the teaching of gender studies in schools. In addition, the NCD, as part of centre-left governments, proved more progressive than FI on the management of illegal immigration, which was negatively evaluated by Berlusconi's party. Precisely for these and other reasons, several NCD politicians left the party to either form Identity and Action (IdeA) led by Gaetano Quagliariello or re-joined FI (e.g. Nunzia De Girolamo, Renato Schifani and Massimiliano Salini), in both cases re-aligning with the FI-led centre-right coalition.
Former PdL-affiliated factions or think tanks which joined the NCD included:
- Network Italy (Rete Italia) – ideology: Christian democracy; leader: Roberto Formigoni;
- Liberal Populars (Popolari Liberali) – ideology: Christian democracy; leader: Carlo Giovanardi;
- Christian Populars (Cristiano Popolari) – ideology: Christian democracy; leader: Mario Baccini;
- Christian Reformists (Cristiano Riformisti) – ideology: Christian democracy; leader: Antonio Mazzocchi;
- Magna Carta (Magna Carta) – ideology: Liberal conservatism; leader: Gaetano Quagliariello;
- Reformism and Freedom (Riformismo e Libertà) – ideology: Social democracy; leader: Fabrizio Cicchitto;
- We Reformers (Noi Riformatori) – ideology: Social democracy; leader: Francesco Colucci.
In January 2014 three bigwigs of the party who later left the party (Quagliariello, Eugenia Roccella and Maurizio Sacconi) published a book titled Moderati. Per un nuovo umanesimo politico ("Moderates: For a new political humanism"), a sort of manifesto of the party. The book, whose key words are "person", "family", "enterprise" and "tradition", emphasises institutional reforms (including direct election of the President and federalism), ethical issues (marriage, opposition to abortion, limits to assisted reproductive technology, etc.) and the need for a smaller state ("less public law, more private rights"). According to Benedetto Ippolito, a university professor of history of philosophy, while NCD members insist that their party is "moderate", it is in fact "conservative" and "anti-progressive", albeit not "berlusconiano".
In February 2014 the NCD unveiled a platform on labour, including a universal protection system safety net for the unemployed, a tax relief for entrepreneurs hiring the young, the reduction of the tax wedge on labour and the overcoming of article 18 of the "Statute of Workers", making easier for entrepreneurs to hire and fire employees.
|Election year||# of
overall seats won
|2014||1,202,350 (#5)||4.38 (with UDC)||
2 / 73
|Region||Latest election||# of
overall seats won
1 / 31
4 / 51
3 / 30
1 / 51
0 / 50
1 / 31
1 / 31
0 / 50
0 / 41
0 / 20
1 / 51
- President: Renato Schifani (acting, 2013–2014), Angelino Alfano (2014–2017)
- Coordinator: Gaetano Quagliariello (2014–2015)
- Spokesperson: Barbara Saltamartini (2014–2015), Valentina Castaldini (2015–2017)
- Party Leader in the Chamber of Deputies: Enrico Costa (2013–2014), Nunzia De Girolamo (2014–2015), Maurizio Lupi (2015–2017)
- Party Leader in the Senate: Maurizio Sacconi (2013–2015), Renato Schifani (2015–2016), Laura Bianconi (2016–2017)
- Party Leader in the European Parliament: Giovanni La Via (2013–2017)
- "Albertini cambia: "Aderisco al Nuovo centrodestra, Mauro mi segua"". Il Giorgno. 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
- "Un paio di consigli spassionati per il Nuovo Centrodestra di Alfano". Formiche. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Nuovo Centrodestra o vecchia Democrazia Cristiana?" (in Italian). Panorama. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Walter Kickert; Tiina Randma-Liiv (2015). Europe Managing the Crisis: The Politics of Fiscal Consolidation. Routledge. p. 263. ISBN 978-1-317-52570-7.
- "Silvio Berlusconi's heir Angelino Alfano forms new party in Italy". The Independent. Associated Press. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- Nicolas Bonnet (2015). "Silvo's Party". In Agnès Alexandre-Collier; François Vergniolle De Chantal. Leadership and Uncertainty Management in Politics: Leaders, Followers and Constraints in Western Democracies. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-1-137-43924-6.
- "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties - EPP". Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd: Quagliariello, accolti con voto unanime in famiglia Ppe". ANSA.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Alfano lancia il Nuovo centrodestra: "No a Fi per me scelta dolorosa. No a decadenza Berlusconi"", Il Messaggero (in Italian), 16 November 2013, retrieved 16 November 2013
- Tom Lansford (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. SAGE Publications. p. 3067. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
- Francesco Bei (16 November 2013), "Il "Nuovo centrodestra", gruppi in crescita e logo tricolore", la Repubblica (in Italian), retrieved 18 November 2013
- Kevin Lees (18 November 2013). "What the Alfano-Berlusconi split means for Italian politics". Suffragio. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "I ministri giurano, il governo è in carica Renzi: "Ce la faremo". Ma Letta lo gela". LaStampa.it. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd, Quagliariello coordinatore". rainews. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Europee del 25 Maggio 2014". Elezionistorico.interno.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Ncd e Udc verso la fusione, la "start-up dei moderati" per incidere sul voto del Colle - Data 24 News". Data 24 News. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd nel caos. E Sacconi si dimette". Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Quirinale/ Terremoto nell'Ncd, Saltamartini e Sacconi si dimettono". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Federico Morbegno. "Terremoto nel Ncd: si dimettono Sacconi e Saltamartini". Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd, Schifani nuovo capogruppo al Senato". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd, Barbara Saltamartini lascia, critiche ad Alfano. E Matteo Renzi sfotte Angelino: "Leccati le ferite"". Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Lupi si dimette da ministro: "Lascio a testa alta". Per la successione le ipotesi sono Delrio e Lotti". LaStampa.it. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Maurizio Lupi si dimette". Panorama. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Lupi nuovo capogruppo di Area Popolare alla Camera, De Girolamo si dimette in polemica". LaStampa.it. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Ncd, Lupi capogruppo Camera al posto di De Girolamo. Lei: 'Come Grande Fratello' - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Tommaso Labate. "De Girolamo dà l'addio a Ncd". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- Alberto Di Majo (2015-08-26). "De Girolamo: "Torno in Forza Italia E non ho paura del cerchio magico" - Politica - iltempo". Iltempo.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- di Alessandro Da Rold (2015-05-21). "Reguzzoni (Lega) e De Girolamo (Ncd), la strana coppia per il partito Repubblicano". Linkiesta.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Il Ncd è spolpato: De Girolamo lancia i Repubblicani". Lettera43.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Ncd: eurodeputato Salini lascia per andare in Fi - Altre news - ANSA Europa". ANSA.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- Monica Guerzoni. "Quagliariello-Ncd, è rotturaAlfano: «Io non trattengo nessuno". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- Alessandro De Angelis (2015-10-14). "Gaetano Quagliariello si dimette da coordinatore Ncd e scrive ad Alfano: "Se non lasci Renzi, formo gruppo al Senato"". Huffingtonpost.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Quagliariello diserta la direzione Ncd". IlGiornale.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Alfano ne perde altri due". IlGiornale.it (in Italian). 2015-11-23. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Augello e Piso lasciano Ncd Il caso dei "gesti sessisti" sarà riesaminato - Politica - iltempo". Iltempo.it. 2015-10-24. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Alfano perde un altro pezzo. Andrea Augello lascia Ncd. Direzione Fitto? - Secolo d'Italia". Secoloditalia.it. 1976-02-23. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Giovanardi (e i suoi) lasciano Ncd: «Alfano ha fallito, governo arrogante sulle nozze gay". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Carlo Giovanardi lascia Ncd e maggioranza. "Ma non torno in Forza Italia"". Repubblica.it. 2015-10-26. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Centrodestra, Quagliariello lancia "Idea". Alternativi a Renzi, guardando ai territori | l'Occidentale". Loccidentale.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Ncd, Quagliariello lancia il quarto petalo. Cassano: "Voleva il Ministero"". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Governo, via al rimpasto: 13 nomi nuovi. Torna anche il contestato Gentile". Repubblica.it. 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Ncd cambia nome, sparisce la parola 'destra' - Politica". Quotidiano.net. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- ""Via 'destra' dal simbolo Ncd". Finalmente Alfano se ne è accorto". IlGiornale.it (in Italian). 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Dopo il voto Alfano lancia polo moderato. Ma in Ap è scontro". Askanews.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Fronda contro Alfano: cinque Ncd pronti all'addio - Politica - iltempo". Iltempo.it. 2016-06-21. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Area Popolare, Schifani si dimette da capogruppo al Senato. "Udc si sfila da area governo: "Noi per no al referendum" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. 2016-07-19. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- Gianluca Abate (2016-07-19). "Strappo di Schifani: «Basta appoggi a Renzi e offese a Berlusconi". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Schifani lascia Alfano, Laura Bianconi prende il suo posto - Politica - iltempo". Iltempo.it. 2016-07-20. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Pd-azzurri: asse sui diritti (senza Ncd)". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Il clan politico di Cl si attovaglia per spartirsi la torta dell'Expo". Mentiinformatiche.com. 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Popolari liberali nel Ncd in pista per le primarie" (in Italian). L'Arena. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "Federazione Cristiano Popolari, l'on.Baccini ad Avellino per il nuovo Centrodestra" (in Italian). Irpinia24.it. 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Il "Nuovo centrodestra", gruppi in crescita e logo tricolore". Repubblica.it. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Noi Riformatori Per Il Nuovo Centrodestra". Noiriformatori.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- ""Per un nuovo umanesimo politico". In libreria il manifesto dei moderati". Affaritaliani.it. 2002-01-04. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Meno tasse e più etica, il manifesto dei moderati". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Tutte le riforme che ha in mente il Nuovo Centrodestra". Formiche. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Ncd, il Piano Sacconi sul lavoro in dieci punti". Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Schifani's full title was "President of the Promoting Committee".