ახალი ათონი, Афон Ҿыц, Новый Афон, Νέος Άθως
Akhali Atoni, Afon Ch'yts, Novy Afon, Neos Athos
New Athos Monastery
Location of New Athos in Abkhazia
|Coordinates: 43°05′3.3″N 40°49′2.64″E / 43.084250°N 40.8174000°ECoordinates: 43°05′3.3″N 40°49′2.64″E / 43.084250°N 40.8174000°E|
|Partially recognized |
|• Mayor||Feliks Dautia|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+3)|
New Athos or Akhali Atoni (Georgian: ახალი ათონი, Akhali Atoni; Abkhazian: Афон Ҿыц, Afon Ch'yts; Russian: Новый Афон; Novy Afon, Greek: Νέος Άθως, Neos Athos) is a town in the Gudauta raion of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km (14 mi) from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea. The town was previously known under the names Nikopol, Acheisos, Anakopia, Nikopia, Nikofia, Nikopsis, Absara, and Psyrtskha.
New Athos Cave is one of the tourist attractions of Abkhazia,/Georgia.
A large ancient Greek port town of Anacopia was recorded there in the 3rd century. Its ruins are still visible. In the 5th century, Georgians built a fortress on the top of the Iverian Mountain. Anacopia was the capital of the Abkhazian princedom in the orbit of the Byzantine Empire and then of the Abkhazian Kingdom after the archon Leon II declared himself a king in the late 8th century. Later, the capital was moved to Kutaisi.
Anacopia was ceded to Byzantine Empire by Demetre in 1033 but was retaken by Georgians in 1072 among the other territories Georgia gained as a result of the Empire's defeat at Manzikert at the hands of Seljuks.
List of mayors
|#||Name||Entered office||Left office||President||Comments|
|Heads of the Town Administration:|
|Vitali Smyr||1995||8 May 2003||Vladislav Ardzinba|
|Feliks Dautia||19 May 2003||12 February 2005|
|12 February 2005||29 May 2011||Sergei Bagapsh|
|29 May 2011||Present||Alexander Ankvab|
In 1874 Russian monks from the overcrowded Rossikon Monastery on Mount Athos arrived to the Caucasus in order to find a place for possible resettlement. They feared that the Ottoman Empire would oust the Russians from Athos after the outbreak of the impending Russo-Turkish War. They selected Psyrtskha, and the Neo-Byzantine New Athos Monastery, dedicated to St. Simon the Canaanite, was constructed there in the 1880s with funds provided by Tsar Alexander III of Russia. Eventually Russian monks were permitted to stay in the "old" Athos, and the New Athos monastery had much less occupancy than anticipated.
In 1924, during the Soviet persecution of religion, the monastery was closed. It was later used as a storage facility, tourist base, hospital and museum. Its return to the Orthodox Church began in 1994, after the end of the war.
The scenic setting of the New Athos monastery by the sea has made it a popular destination with Russian tourists visiting Abkhazia. An older church of St. Simon the Canaanite, dated to the 9th-10th century and reconstructed in the 1880s, is located near the town, on the Psyrtskha stream.
Hydroelectric power station
New Athos has a small hydroelectric power station and artificial lake on the river Psyrtskha, close to the old Church of St. Simon the Canaanite. The station was built by the monks of the monastery between 1892 and 1903 and repaired in 1922. It remained broken for over forty years before being repaired again — it was re-opened on 4 June 2012. It produces an estimated 100 kW per hour for the monastery which still owns it.
New Athos is twinned with the following city:
- Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 2 of which have subsequently withdrawn their recognition.
- Georgia in Antiquity: A History of Colchis and Transcaucasian Iberia, by David Braund, p. 54
- "Выпуск № 92". Apsnypress. 10 May 2001. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- Выпуск № 088. Apsnypress (in Russian). 8 May 2003. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Выпуск № 095". Apsnypress. 19 May 2003. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Kazenin, Konstantin (19 May 2003). "Первый месяц "окопного" правительства: Абхазия в СМИ 1-18 мая 2003". REGNUM News Agency. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- International Crisis Group, Abkhazia: Deepening Dependence Archived 27 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine., p. 6
- "4 июня в Новом Афоне торжественно откроют ГЭС на реке Псырцха". Apsnypress. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- "В Новом Афоне ввели в эксплуатацию малую ГЭС на реке Псырцха". Apsnypress. 4 June 2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- New Athos Cave at showcaves.com Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- New Athos Cave Railway at metro-novyafon.narod.ru
- "Между городами Новый Афон и Сремски-Карловцы подписан Договор о сотрудничестве". Apsnypress. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.