National apportionment of MP seats in the Riksdag

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The electoral system in Sweden is proportional. Of the 349 seats in the national diet, the unicameral Riksdag, 310 are fixed constituency seats (Swedish: valkretsmandat) allocated to constituencies in relation to the number of people entitled to vote in each constituency (Swedish: valkrets). The remaining 39 leveling seats (Swedish: utjämningsmandat) are used to correct the deviations from proportional national distribution that may arise when allocating the fixed constituency seats. There is a constraint in the system that means that only a party that has received at least four per cent of the votes in the whole country participates in the distribution of seats. However, a party that has received at least twelve per cent of the votes in a constituency participates in the distribution of the fixed constituency seats in that constituency.[1][2]

Apportionment of fixed constituency seats

Constituency 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
Stockholms kommun312927262625252525262727282929
Stockholms län242728293031323233343536373839
Uppsala län[3]8899999910101011111111
Södermanlands län999999999999999
Östergötlands län151515151515151515151514141414
Jönköpings län121111111111111111121111111111
Kronobergs län666676666666666
Kalmar län1099999999988888
Gotlands län222222222222222
Blekinge län666666666655555
Kristianstads län[4]101010111111111111------
Fyrstadskretsen[5]1818181717171717-------
Malmöhus län1010101111111111-------
Malmöhus läns norra--------9------
Malmöhus läns södra--------11------
Malmö kommun--------899991010
Skåne läns västra---------999999
Skåne läns södra---------111111121212
Skåne läns norra och östra---------101010101010
Hallands län788999999101010101010
Göteborgs kommun171717171616161615161717171717
Bohuslän[6]101010101011111111------
Älvsborgs läns norra999999999------
Älvsborgs läns södra777777676------
Skaraborgs län101010101010101010------
Västra Götalands läns västra[7]---------111111121211
Västra Götalands läns norra---------999998
Västra Götalands läns södra---------666667
Västra Götalands läns östra---------999999
Värmlands län111111111111111010101010999
Örebro län111111111010101010101010999
Västmanlands län999999999998888
Dalarnas län[8]1111111111111111111010101099
Gävleborgs län1212121111111111111010101099
Västernorrlands län111111101010101010999888
Jämtlands län555555555555444
Västerbottens län999999999999999
Norrbottens län101010101010101010999988
Total fixed constituency seats310310310310310310310310310310310310310310310

Notes

  1. See e.g.: SOU 2008:125 En reformerad grundlag (Constitutional Reform), Prime Ministers Office.
  2. For the general election of 2010, See e.g.: Länet tappar ett mandat, Örnsköldsviks Allehanda, March 20, 2009.
  3. By the election in 2006, Heby Municipality was transferred from Västmanlands län to Uppsala län.
  4. Kristianstads län was abolished by the election of 1998. The constituency is now referred to as Skåne läns norra, and Skåne läns östra.
  5. Fyrstadskretsen and Malmöhus län were adjusted by the election of 1994.
  6. Västra Götalands län was created by the election of 1998. At the same time, Habo and Mullsjö Municipalities were transferred to Jönköpings län.
  7. The borders of electoral districts within the Västra Götaland county underwent minor modifications in 2018. See: Fördelning av fasta valkretsmandat 2018, Valmyndigheten.
  8. The constituency was named Kopparbergs län before the election of 1998.
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