National Zoological Park Delhi

National Zoological Park Delhi
National Zoological Park, Delhi
Date opened 1959[1]
Location Delhi, India
Coordinates 28°36′16″N 77°14′46″E / 28.6044359°N 77.2461981°E / 28.6044359; 77.2461981Coordinates: 28°36′16″N 77°14′46″E / 28.6044359°N 77.2461981°E / 28.6044359; 77.2461981
Land area 176 acres (71 ha)[2]
No. of animals 1347 (2008)[2]
No. of species 127 (2008)[2]
Memberships CZA[3]
Website www.nzpnewdelhi.gov.in

The National Zoological Park (originally Delhi Zoo) is a 176-acre (71 ha) zoo near the Old Fort in Delhi, India. A 16th-century citadel, a sprawling green island and a motley collection of animals and birds, all in the middle of a burgeoning urban Delhi. The zoo is home to about 1350 animals representing almost 130 species of animals and birds from around the world. The zoo can be seen on foot or using a battery-operated vehicle which can be rented at the zoo.[4] Visitors are not permitted to bring any food other than drinking water, but there is a canteen in the zoo.[5] In 2014 a visitor was killed as he had fallen into the white tigers enclosure,[6] leading to questions about visitor and animal safety at the zoo.[7]

History

The Delhi zoo came decades later after New Delhi was built. although the idea to have a zoo at the national capital was mooted in 1951, the park was inaugurated in November 1959.[8]

In 1952 the Indian Board for Wildlife created a committee to look into creating a zoo for Delhi. The government of India was to develop the zoo and then turn it over to Delhi as a working enterprise. In 1953 the committee approved the location of the zoo, and in October 1955 it assigned N. D. Bachkheti of the Indian Forest Service to oversee the creation of the zoo.[2]

Initially Major Aubrey Weinman of the Ceylon Zoological Garden (now the National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka) was asked to help draw the plans for the zoo, but because he was not available for the long term, Carl Hagenbeck of the Zoological Garden of Hamburg was hired. In March 1956, Hagenbeck presented a preliminary plan, which included the recommendation to use moated enclosures for the new zoo. The plan was modified as needed to account for local conditions, and approved by the Indian government in December 1956.[2]

By the end of 1959, the Northern part of the zoo was complete, and animals which had been arriving for some time and which had been housed in temporary pens were moved into their permanent homes. The park was opened on 1 November 1959 as the Delhi Zoo. In 1982 it was officially renamed to National Zoological Park, with hopes that it could become a model for other zoos in the country.[2][9]

Maqsood incident

On 23 September 2014, a man named Maqsood, fell in white tiger's moat accidentally. The people around started throwing stones at the tiger. The man was then carried away and mauled by the enraged tiger after some minutes. The man later succumbed to his injuries.[10][11][12][13][14][15] The incident, which took place among 12.30 pm and 1 pm, created a sensation and word soon spread through the metropolis, with pictures and video of the tiger - one of the zoo's star attractions - dragging the youth going viral.

Exhibits

Going to the right from the entrance brings visitors to the enclosures for animals including chimpanzee, hippopotamus, spider monkey, African wild buffalo, Giraffes, Gir lion, and Zebras. Going to the left, visitors will see animals including migratory birds like peafowl, and well as hyenas, macaques, and jaguars in the swamps that were designed for water birds. In the centre of the zoo is the underground reptile house.[4]

Conservation breeding

The zoo is part of conservation breeding programmes of the Central Zoo Authority for the royal Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, swamp deer, Asiatic lion, brow antlered deer, and red jungle fowl.[2]

The breeding program for the brow antlered deer has been so successful, starting with a pair of these deer in 1962, that individuals from the herd have been distributed to zoos in Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Junagarh, and Mysore, and have acclimated well to all of these locations.[5]

See also

References

  1. "List of Zoos in India, from 1800 until now". kuchbhi.com. Kuchbhi. Archived from the original on 21 October 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Statistics". nzpnewdelhi.gov.in. National Zoological Park. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  3. "Search Establishment". cza.nic.in. CZA. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  4. 1 2 "Delhi Zoo". bharatonline.com. Bharat Online. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Delhi Zoo". delhilive.com. Delhi Live. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  6. Barry, Ellen; Najar, Nida (23 September 2014). "White Tiger Kills Visitor at Zoo in India". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  7. Timmons, Heather (24 September 2014). "Is it time to shut the Delhi Zoo?". Quartz (publication). Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  8. http://paper.hindustantimes.com/epaper Hindustan Times, 7 April 2013
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20090410080407/http://trbaalu.nic.in/minister/news/2001/oct01/08-10-2001-news1.html Plan to make Delhi zoo world class
  10. http://www.rg.ru/2014/09/23/tigr-site-anons.html Белый тигр убил человека, который залез в клетку в индийском зоопарке 23.09.2014
  11. http://news.xinhuanet.com/photo/2014-09/24/c_127024929.htm 印度动物园老虎咬死一人 2014年09月24日
  12. http://world.people.com.cn/n/2014/0924/c157278-25723143-2.html 印度学生跳入动物园老虎场地被咬死 生前求饶【2】 2014年09月24日
  13. http://news.qq.com/a/20140924/019997.htm 印度男子误入老虎圈 被当场咬死 2014-09-24
  14. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-09-24/white-tiger-kills-boy-at-new-delhi-zoo/5764420 White tiger kills boy at New Delhi Zoo 2014-09-24
  15. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/24/world/asia/white-tiger-kills-visitor-to-new-delhi-zoo.html?_r=0 White Tiger Kills Visitor at Zoo in India SEPT. 23, 2014
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