National Sports Week (Indonesia)

National Sports Week
Abbreviation PON
First event 8–12 September 1948
Solo, Central Java
Occur every 4 years
Last event 17–29 September 2016
Bandung, West Java

The National Sports Week (Indonesian: Pekan Olahraga Nasional, PON) is a multi-sport event held every four years in Indonesia. The participants of this event are the athletes from all provinces of Indonesia.

History

The Indonesian Sports Association (ISI) was established in Jakarta in 1938 with the aim of coordinating the existing sports associations including the Football Federation. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia from 1942 to 1945, sporting activities were coordinated by the Sports Practice Movement. Following the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in 1945, that nation took over the running of its own sport and in January 1946, a conference was held in Solo, Central Java, which gave rise to the Indonesian Olympic Committee (KORI), chaired by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX.

Indonesia was unable to participate in the 1948 Olympic Games because Indonesian independence had not been recognized, and Indonesia was not a member of the International Olympic Committee. At an emergency conference in Solo on 1 May 1948 to discuss Indonesia's failure to compete in the Olympics, it was decided to organize the first National Games, which ran from 8–12 September 1948.

During the first Pekan Olahraga Nasional event, many sporting organizations tested a uniform system which is to be recognized throughout the country as the official scoring method. Until then, no clear rules were evident. In the case of the Aurora Club, Bandung, later to be renamed into Health and Strength organization, a scoring system went into trial for the weightlifting event; in which Carl Sugianto was crowned as the first weightlifting champion of Indonesia.

Venues

Jakarta
1948
1953
1957
1961,
2016
1969,
2000
2020
Pekan Olahraga Nasional Host Cities (Jakarta hosted 1951, 1965, 1973-1996; Canceled; Future events)
Games Year Host City Province Dates Winner
I1948SoloCentral Java8 September—12 September 1948Central Java
II1951JakartaJakarta21 October—28 October 1951West Java
III1953MedanNorth Sumatra20 September—27 September 1953West Java
IV1957MakassarSouth Sulawesi27 September—6 October 1957Jakarta
V1961BandungWest Java23 September—1 October 1961West Java
VI 11965JakartaJakarta8 October—10 November 1965-
VII1969SurabayaEast Java26 August—6 September 1969Jakarta
VIII1973JakartaJakarta4 August—15 August 1973Jakarta
IX1977JakartaJakarta23 July—3 August 1977Jakarta
X1981JakartaJakarta19 September—30 September 1981Jakarta
XI1985JakartaJakarta9 September—20 September 1985Jakarta
XII1989JakartaJakarta18 October—28 October 1989Jakarta
XIII1993JakartaJakarta9 September—19 September 1993Jakarta
XIV1996JakartaJakarta9 September—25 September 1996Jakarta
XV2000SurabayaEast Java19 June—1 July 2000East Java
XVI2004PalembangSouth Sumatra2 September—14 September 2004Jakarta
XVII2008SamarindaEast Kalimantan6 July—17 July 2008East Java
XVIII2012PekanbaruRiau9 September—20 September 2012Jakarta
XIX2016BandungWest Java17 September—29 September 2016West Java
XX22020JayapuraPapua2020

1 cancelled because of the 30 September Movement
2 future event

PON Remaja (National Youth Sports Week)

In September 2010, Indonesian Minister of Youth and Sport Affairs, Andi Mallarangeng, decided to create a youth version of Pekan Olahraga Nasional. Concerns due to failure of Indonesian contingent in the 2010 Youth Olympics was the background of the event's creation.[1] The first PON Remaja was originally scheduled for 2013, but it was moved to 2014 due to financial problems.[2]

Editions

Games Year Host Province Dates Winner
I2014East Java9–15 December 2014East Java
II2017Central Java[3]Future Event

Pekan Paralimpik Nasional

Pekan Paralimpik Nasional (Indonesian for National Paralympic Week), abbreviated Peparnas, is multi-sport event for Indonesian athletes with disabilities. It was known as Porcanas until 2008 edition and held separately with PON until 2004.[4]

Editions

Games Year Host City Province Winner
I1957SurakartaCentral JavaCentral Java
II1959SurakartaCentral JavaCentral Java
III1964SurakartaCentral JavaWest Java
IV1969YogyakartaYogyakarta Special RegionWest Java
V1972BandungWest JavaJakarta
VI1975UjungpandangSouth SulawesiSouth Sulawesi
VII1980SurakartaCentral JavaJakarta
VII1984SurakartaCentral JavaCentral Java
IX1988MalangEast JavaJakarta
X1993YogyakartaYogyakarta Special RegionJakarta
XI1998BandungWest JavaWest Java
XII2004PalembangSouth SumateraWest Java
XIII2008SamarindaEast KalimantanCentral Java
XIV2012PekanbaruRiauCentral Java
XV2016BandungWest JavaWest Java
XX2020JayapuraPapuaTBD

References

  1. "Menpora Canangkan PON Remaja". Kompas (in Indonesian). 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  2. "Dana Terbatas, PON Remaja Hanya Perlombakan 15 Cabang". Suara Merdeka. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  3. "Bendera diserahkan ke Jateng, Pon Remaja I Usai". 15 December 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  4. "Sejarah Peparnas". PON Peparnas Jabar 2016 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  • Kompas newspaper, pp, 1,10, 6 July 2008
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