National Security Agency (Montenegro)
|Agencija za Nacionalnu Bezbjednost|
|Formed||May 5, 2005 as the National Security Agency|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Montenegro|
ANB collects data and information on potential threats, plans or intentions of organizations, groups or individuals the activities of which are aimed against the territorial integrity, security and the established order guaranteed by the Constitution of Montenegro. Although it is recognized as a successor of SFR Yugoslavia's state security apparatus, the ANB in its current form was created on May 28, 2005 by a law which gave the ANB the powers which were previously held by Serbia and Montenegro's Ministry of Internal Affairs. Less than a year later, Montenegro declared independence after holding a referendum on May 21, 2006.
History and problems
Since its creation in 2005, it has been involved in illegal drug trafficking in the Balkans. In 2012, an anonymous person who claimed to be connected to the ANB told a journalist from Vijesti that ANB did not collect information from whistleblowers, but instead had informers planted among criminals, journalists, and political parties from the opposition.
In the years following the country's independence in 2006, the government, which from 2006 until 2015 had been largely composed of DPS members, strove for NATO membership and European Union integration. NATO in turn demanded that Montenegro reform its security apparatus and cleanse it of employees who cooperated with non-NATO states, specifically Russia. In June 2014, the Associated Press (AP) published a statement made by an unnamed NATO source that between 25 and 50 Montenegrin intelligence officers had close links to Russia, a report that was denied by the Montenegrin officials; a Montenegrin political analyst commented that against the backdrop of talk about the country′s Euro-Atlantic integration, Russian tycoons were unhindered in taking over state resources through a network of organized crime and corruption.
In May 2013, after the arrest of Albanian narcotics dealer Naser Kelmendi, the director of the federal police of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dragan Lukač, said that Kelmendi had hidden with the assistance of the ANB.
- Istorijat - Agencija za nacionalnu bezbjednost
- Jovanović, Jelena. Vijesti: Kako ANB vrbuje došnike, gdje ih nalazi... (in Serbian) 27 March 2013
- Unknown (5 October 2014). Због НАТО-а слиједи чистка старих кадрова у АНБ-у (in Serbian).
- Montenegro, Russia and NATO: An Issue of Double Agents? 21 July 2014.
- "CRNE TAČKE DOMAĆIH BEZBJEDNOSNIH SLUŽBI: Duvan, kafa i tajne koje cure". 7 February 2014.