National Romanian Fascio
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Led by Titus Panaitescu Vifor, the group emerged from the short-lived National Fascist Party in 1921 and, at its peak, had around 1,500 members. It defined itself as national socialist, although generally it pursued a policy of corporatism, land reform and support for the creation of agricultural cooperatives. It was critical of capitalism and also espoused anti-Semitism. The movement's main areas of influence were Western Moldavia, Bukovina, and Banat.
The party merged with the National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economical Movement in 1923 to form the National Fascist Movement, although a small rump movement carried on, with little significance. Both groups shared a close affinity to Italian fascism which facilitated their merger.
- Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-45, Routledge, 2001, p. 136
- F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, Methuen & Co, 1974, p. 184
- Chronology of Romanian Fascism Archived 2005-11-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- R. Ioanid , 'Romania', RJB Bosworth, The Oxford Handbook of Fascism, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp, 402-3