National Party of Honduras

National Party of Honduras
Partido Nacional de Honduras
President Reinaldo Sánchez Rivera
Executive Secretary Juan Diego Zelaya
Founded 27 February 1902; 116 years ago
Headquarters Comayagüela, Honduras
Youth wing Nationalist Youth (Juventud Nacionalista)
Ideology Conservatism
Economic liberalism
Nationalism
Political position Right-wing
International affiliation International Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat International (observer)
Regional affiliation Union of Latin American Parties
Christian Democrat Organization of America
Colors      Blue
National Congress
61 / 128
Party flag
Website
www.partidonacional.hn

The National Party of Honduras (PNH; Spanish: Partido Nacional de Honduras) is a political party in Honduras founded on February 27, 1902, by Manuel Bonilla Chirinos. Historically it has been one of the two most influential parties in the country. The party's platform is based on Christian humanist doctrine,[1] and its five main principles are common wealth, dignity of the human person, equality, solidarity and subsidiarity.

Since the foundation of the National Party, Honduras has had 13 Nationalist presidents. Manuel Bonilla was the first (1903–1907), and the most recent is the current president, Juan Orlando Hernández.

In the 2013 election the National Party obtained the largest number of seats in Congress and municipalities.[2] The National Party has been accused of embezzling more than one million US dollars.[3]

History

The ideology of the party can be traced back to national hero Jose Trinidad Cabañas's principles and thinking. Cabañas believed in a strong sense of patriotism, and that national interest was over any other interest. Moreover, in the late 1800s, actors such as Ponciano Leiva and Luis Bogran made efforts to conform an institution which reflected their ideology.[4]

The Progressive Party, led by Ponciano Leiva, joined forces by a movement led by General Manuel Bonilla. On 27 February 1902, in Tegucigalpa, both parties united to form the National Convention, backed by 40,000 signatures from supporters. That event was the birth of the National Party of Honduras.[5]

Symbols

Seal

Fraternity, equality and justice are reflected in the official seal. Holding arms represent fraternity among Honduran citizens. The weighting scale represents equality between men and women. The burning torch shines defending those in need. The seal also states the party´s motto: Social Justice with Liberty and Democracy.

Highlighted presidencies

  • Ricardo Maduro Joest: During his presidency, Maduro was able to negotiate successfully the full condonance of the nation´s external debt.[6] In addition, Maduro was able to implement successful policies in matters of fiscal order and against violence.
  • Juan Manuel Gálvez: Galvez promoted modernizing the state. He structured effectively government dependencies through massive construction projects. He was able to conduct a massive road project throughout the country. Moreover, he is created the Honduras Central Bank, which made the Lempira Honduras´s official currency.
  • Tiburcio Carías Andino: General Carias has been one of the most polarized presidents in Honduran history. During his administration, he took strict measures in order to guarantee stability and harmony amongst society. He was also able to achieve economic stability and an efficient working relationship with private enterprise. Honduras National Stadium is named after him.

Organic structure

  1. National Convention: Made up from Municipal, State, Regional and national authorities.
  2. Permanent Commission: Permanent members of the National Convention
  3. National Committee: Political Commission, Justice Party, Financial and Budget Administration, Political and Ideological Formation
  4. State Committee: Conformed by the authorities of each of the 18 departments in Honduras
  5. Local Committee: Counts with Municipal Representation

Mission

"We are a democratic political organization with transforming leaders and a modern ideological agenda, linked with all social sectors in order to generate growth and the well being of all Hondurans."

Vision

"We are a majority political party; we are inclusive and Christian Humanist, with ethic leadership which promotes changes in order to transform the country with democracy, liberty and equal opportunities"

Election Results

President

Year Candidate Votes Vote % Result
1928 Tiburcio Carías Andino 47,745 43.38 Lost
1932 Tiburcio Carías Andino 81,211 Won
1948 Juan Manuel Gálvez 254,802 99.85 Won
1954 Tiburcio Carías Andino 77,726 30.85 Lost
1971 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés 299,807 49.28 Won
1981 Ricardo Zuñiga 491,089 40.43 Lost
1985 Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero 701,406 45.49 Lost
1989 Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero 916,131 52.29 Won
1993 Oswaldo Ramos Soto 735,123 42.97 Lost
1997 Nora Gúnera de Melgar 844,985 42.76 Lost
2001 Ricardo Maduro 1,135,565 52.22 Won
2005 Porfirio Lobo Sosa 925,243 42.15 Lost
2009 Porfirio Lobo Sosa 1,212,846 56.56 Won
2013 Juan Orlando Hernández 1,149,302 36.89 Won
2017 Juan Orlando Hernández 1,410,888 42.95 Won

National Congress

Year Votes Vote % Seats
1928
26 / 48
1930
23 / 48
1932
43 / 56
1934
55 / 59
1936 132,948 99.99
59 / 59
1942
45 / 45
1948 254,802 99.85
49 / 49
1954 77,726 30.85
23 / 59
1957 98,088 29.57
18 / 58
1965 334,646 55.15
35 / 64
1971 299,807 52.62
32 / 64
1980 423,623 44.15
33 / 71
1981 491,089 40.43
34 / 82
1985 786,624 51.02
67 / 134
1989 916,131 52.29
76 / 128
1993 735,123 42.97
55 / 128
1997 844,985 42.76
55 / 128
2001 967,733 46.46
61 / 128
2005
55 / 128
2009 8,561,577 53.37
71 / 128
2013 9,255,904 33.64
48 / 128
2017
61 / 128

Controversies

The National Party has been involved in the last few years on several issues of corruption. In 2015, it was discovered that the National Party was using money from the Honduran Social Security in order to finance the campaign of President Juan Orlando Hernandez through an elaborate scheme of companies redirecting Social Security funds to the party.[7] After the scheme was discovered, the President said the money should be returned by the party.[8]

Former President Porfirio Lobo was accused on March 2017 by the New York's DA office for helping protect drug organizations.[9]

See also

References

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