National Development and Reform Commission

National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Guójiā Fāzhǎn hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì
Agency overview
Formed March, 2003
Preceding agencies
  • State Planning Commission (1952–1998)
  • State Development Planning (1998–2003)
Type Cabinet-level Department Constituting the State Council
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Employees 890
Agency executive
Parent agency State Council
National Development and Reform Commission
Simplified Chinese 国家发展和改革委员会
Literal meaning State Development and Reform Commission
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese 发改委
Literal meaning Develop-Reform-Commission
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
People's Republic of China

The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy. The candidate for the chairperson of the NDRC is nominated by the Premier of the People's Republic of China and approved by the National People's Congress. Since February 2017 the Commission has been headed by He Lifeng.

The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of China's economic system.[1] The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants.

List of chairmen

NameTook officeLeft officePremier
1Gao GangNovember 1952August 1954Independent of the Premier
2Li FuchunSeptember 1954January 1975Zhou Enlai
3Yu QiuliJanuary 1975August 1980Zhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
4Yao YilinAugust 1980June 1983Zhao Ziyang
5Song PingJune 1983June 1987Zhao Ziyang
6Yao YilinJune 1987December 1989Zhao Ziyang
Li Peng
7Zou JiahuaDecember 1989March 1993Li Peng
8Chen JinhuaMarch 1993March 1998Li Peng
9Zeng PeiyanMarch 1998March 2003Zhu Rongji
10Ma KaiMarch 2003March 2008Wen Jiabao
11Zhang PingMarch 200816 March 2013Wen Jiabao
12Xu Shaoshi16 March 201324 February 2017Li Keqiang
13He Lifeng24 February 2017IncumbentLi Keqiang

Current Leadership

  1. He Lifeng
Vice Chairmen
  1. Nur Bekri - Minister level, Chair of the National Energy Administration
  2. Zhang Yong - Minister level
  3. Ning Jizhe - Minister level
  4. Mu Hong - Minister level, Deputy General Office chief of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
  5. Lian Weiliang (连维良)
  6. Liu Xiaobin (刘晓滨)
  7. Lin Nianxiu (林念修)
  8. Hu Zucai (胡祖才)
  9. Wang Xiaotao (王晓涛)[1]

National Energy Administration

NEA was established in August 2008, replacing the National Energy Bureau (NEB; 国家能源局) which attempted to reform China’s highly dispersed energy management.[2]

See also


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