National Assembly (Laos)

National Assembly
Sapha Heng Xat
Assemblée nationale
Seats 149
Political groups

     Lao People's Revolutionary Party (144)

     Independents (5)
Last election
20 March 2016
Meeting place
Vientiane, Laos

The National Assembly (Laotian: Sapha Heng Xat, French: Assemblée nationale) is the unicameral parliament of Laos. The National Assembly meets in Vientiane.

Laos is a one-party state, with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party as the sole legal party in the country. Most of the National Assembly's actions simply rubber stamp the party's decisions. Efforts have been made to increase the capacity of its members, aiming to strengthen their legislative, oversight, and representational capacities.[1]


The National Assembly was established in its current form by the Lao Constitution of 1991,[2] replacing the Supreme People's Assembly (the latter also formerly known as the Supreme People's Council). After the December 1997 elections, the number of seats were increased to 99, a new structure was announced and Samane Vignaket was elected as its president.

The last elections were held on March 20th, 2016. The Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) took 144 seats in the enlarged 149-member National Assembly while the five remaining seats went to independents. Nearly 73% of members were elected to the National Assembly for the first time. During the election campaign, many candidates focused on development, promising to serve the interests of the nation and the people.[3]


Parliamentary committees of the National Assembly currently include:[4]

  • Law Committee
  • Economic, Technology and Environment Committee
  • Planning, Finance and Audit Committee
  • Cultural and Social Committee
  • Ethnic Affairs Committee
  • National Defence and Security Committee
  • Foreign Affairs Committee

Latest election

 Summary of 20 March 2016 National Assembly of Laos election results
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (Phak Paxaxôn Pativat Lao) 144
Non-partisans 5
Total 149

See also


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