Naranjal, Veracruz

Naranjal
Municipality
Naranjal
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 18°48′37″N 96°57′36″W / 18.81028°N 96.96000°W / 18.81028; -96.96000Coordinates: 18°48′37″N 96°57′36″W / 18.81028°N 96.96000°W / 18.81028; -96.96000[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Veracruz
Established 28 March 1831
Seat Naranjal
Government[2]
  President Karla Nancy Abad Sosa
Area[3]
  Total 18.599 km2 (7.181 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 696 m (2,283 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
  Total 4,507
  Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 4,559
  Density 240/km2 (630/sq mi)
  Seat 2,261
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
Postal codes 94880–94883[5]
Area code 271
Website Official website

Naranjal (Spanish: "orange grove") is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the city of Córdoba.

Geography

The municipality of Naranjal is located in central Veracruz at an altitude between 600 and 1,500 metres (2,000–4,900 ft). It borders the municipalities of Fortín to the north, Amatlán de los Reyes to the northeast, Coetzala to the southeast, Zongolica to the south, Tequila to the southwest, and Ixtaczoquitlán to the northwest.[6] The municipality covers an area of 18.599 square kilometres (7.181 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.03% of the state's area.[1]

The municipality is located on the southern bank of the Río Blanco and is watered by that river and its tributaries.[6][2] Most of the land in Naranjal (90.41%) is used for agriculture. The dominant soils in the municipality are luvisols, acrisols and vertisols.[6]

Naranjal's climate is humid with rain falling mostly in the summer. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 18 and 24 °C (64–75 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 2,400 and 2,600 millimetres (94–102 in).[6]

History

Naranjal established its first town council in 1814.[2] On 28 March 1831 it was incorporated under the name of San Cristóbal Naranjal as a municipality in the canton of Orizaba in the state of Veracruz. Naranjal became a free municipality on 15 January 1918.[7]

Administration

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor).[2] The current president of the municipality is Karla Nancy Abad Sosa.[8]

Demographics

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Naranjal recorded a population of 4507 inhabitants living in 1049 households.[9] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 4559 inhabitants in Naranjal, of whom 71.11% reported being of Indigenous ancestry and 19.61% reported being of African ancestry.[4]

There are 12 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat, also called Naranjal, is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 2261 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[9]

Economy

The main economic activity in Naranjal is farming. Coffee, bananas and oranges are the main crops grown, comprising respectively 80%, 10% and 7% of the agricultural land in the municipality.[10]

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Naranjal". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Naranjal: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 220. ISBN 978-607-739-871-4.
  5. "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Naranjal, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  7. Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 113, 236. ISBN 970-13-1517-0.
  8. Lara, Brenda (29 December 2017). "Nancy Abad Sosa Tomara Protesta con Compromiso y Gratitud a su Gente". Faro Veracruz (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  9. 1 2 "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Naranjal". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. "Plan Municipal de Desarrollo 2014–2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipal council of Naranjal, Veracruz. p. 34. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
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