Nandu River

Nandu River
Nandu River at Longtang just north of the town and south of the Longtang Dam, on the west side, facing southeast
Native name 南渡江
Country People's Republic of China
Physical characteristics
River mouth Qiongzhou Strait
Length 314 km (195 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    6.099×10^9 m3/a (193.3 m3/s; 6,825 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 150×10^6 m3 (5.3×10^9 cu ft) Fengtan Reservoir, Forge Reservoir, East Lake[1]

The Nandu River (Chinese: 南渡江) is the longest river in Hainan Province, China.[1] Its tributary is the Xinwu River. The river discharges into the Nandu River estuary at Haikou city, and then into Qiongzhou Strait.[2]

The river is 314 km long, with a discharge of 6.099 billion cubic metres. It passes the major settlements of Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County then Dingcheng in Ding'an County. The river then turns north, goes over the Longtang Dam at Longtang, a somewhat smaller town than Chengmai and Ding'an. The Nandu then goes under several bridges, such as the Nandu River Iron Bridge and Qiongzhou Bridge. Once passed the Qiongzhou Bridge, at the southern tip of Xinbu Island, the Nandu flows north along the east side of Xinbu Island and out into the sea. At the southern tip of Xinbu Island, two distributaries branch off. One is the Henggouhe Channel which runs along the west side of Xinbu Island. The other is the smaller Haidian River which flows westward, under the Haikou Century Bridge, and out into Haikou Bay.

Bridges

From Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County at the west to its mouth at Haikou there are numerous bridges crossing the Nandu River. Some are semi-permanent and get washed out during times of high water, while other, major bridges are currently under construction. The following is a fairly comprehensive list of landmarks and bridges between Chengmai Zhen and Haikou City.

Landmarks
Bridges
  • 1. Xinbu Bridge, connecting Haidian Island to Xinbu Island
  • 2. A small, old arch bridge connecting the main part of Haikou to Xinbu Island
  • 3. Haikou New East Bridge, connects Xinbu Island at its eastern shore to the rest of Hainan
  • 4. Qiongzhou Bridge, the main bridge from Haikou to Haikou Meilan International Airport
  • 5. Hai Rui Bridge, an extension of Yehai Road, named after Hai Rui
  • 6. Nandu River Iron Bridge, a partially collapsed, steel truss bridge built by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II
  • 7. Nandu River Bridge, built in 1984, carries Xindazhou Avenue to Lingshan
  • 8. A railway bridge for Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway trains
  • 9. A bridge just west of, and leading to, Haikou Meilan International Airport
  • 10. Longtang Dam, during low water serves as a vehicle and pedestrian crossing to the town of Longtang on the western bank
  • 11. Part of China National Highway 224
  • 12. Dinghai Bridge, an under-construction bridge. Adjacent is a temporary bridge. Also, around a kilometre to the east there are two other semi-permanent, wooden toll bridges for light traffic.
  • 13. A bridge from Yongfa town on the north bank to locations south of the Nandu
  • 14. Part of the newly built Highway S21
  • 15. One of two bridges from Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County on the north bank that provides access to the south side of the Nandu
  • 16. The second of two bridges from Chengmai Zhen in Chengmai County on the north bank that provides access to the south side of the Nandu

Flooding

The Nandu occasionally floods its banks. For that reason, preventative measures have been taken. For example, near Haikou and in other parts, levees are were built, and flood walls were constructed on the west bank near Dingcheng.

One instance of flooding occurred at a sharp bend in the river at Bushicun village. There in August 2016, on the outside bend, as it had before, water surged and flooded onto the land. The ground there, several metres above normal river level, is strewn with rusted boat hulls from previous floods.19°49′15″N 110°23′45″W / 19.8207°N 110.3957°W / 19.8207; -110.3957

See also

References

  1. 1 2 "无标题文档". Haikou.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
  2. "Haikou - CNSeeker". China-map.cnseeker.com. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2010-07-30.

Coordinates: 19°59′52″N 110°23′08″E / 19.9979°N 110.3856°E / 19.9979; 110.3856

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