|Elimination half-life||0.5 hours|
|Excretion||Biliary and renal|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||414.476 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Nafcillin sodium is a narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class. As a beta-lactamase-resistant penicillin, it is used to treat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria, in particular, species of staphylococci that are resistant to other penicillins.
Nafcillin is considered therapeutically equivalent to oxacillin, although its safety profile is somewhat different.
As with all penicillins, serious life-threatening allergic reactions can occur.
Milder side-effects include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea, often due to suppression of normal gastrointestinal bacteria, which, on occasion, leads to a more serious super-infection with an organism like Clostridium difficile
- Abdominal pain
- Yeast infections (thrush) affecting the mouth and tongue or vagina
- Agranulocytosis, neutropenia
There is evidence that it induces cytochrome P-450 enzymes specifically CYP2C9. Several drugs with a narrow therapeutic window, such as warfarin and nifedipine, are metabolized by CYP2C9.
Nafcillin contains salts added as stability media. These added salts could cause edema or fluid accumulation. It would be prudent to avoid this medication if there were a concern for a congestive heart failure or kidney disease.
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