Mutasarrıf

In the Ottoman Empire, a mutasarrıf was an administrative authority of any of certain sanjaks, who were appointed directly by the Sultan.[1]

History

This administrative unit was sometimes independent (e.g., Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate or Cyprus) and sometimes was part of a vilayet (province), administered by a vali, and contained nahiye (communes), each administered by a kaymakam.[2] This rank was established in 1864 against the new Law of Villayets instead of rank of mutesellim which was abolished in 1842.[3]

"This small political unit was governed by a non-Lebanese Ottoman Christian subject and given the protection of European powers. The religious communities of the district were represented by a council that dealt directly with the governor. This system provided peace and prosperity until its abolition."[4]

The mutassarifates of the Ottoman Empire included:

See also

References

  1. "Definition of Mutessarif". Free Online Dictionary. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  2. p. 21, A Reign of Terror Archived 2006-11-28 at the Wayback Machine., Master's thesis, Uğur Ü. Üngör, University of Amsterdam, June 2005.
  3. Benedict, Peter (1974). Ula: An Anatolian Town. p. 85.
  4. A History of the modern middle east Cleveland and Buntin p.84
  5. Rogan, E.L. Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850-1921. Cambridge University Press. p55.
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