Location of Mozambique Channel
|Coordinates||18°S 41°E / 18°S 41°ECoordinates: 18°S 41°E / 18°S 41°E|
|Part of||Indian Ocean|
|Max. length||1,600 km (990 mi)|
|Max. width||419 km (260 mi)|
|Average depth||3,292 m (10,801 ft)|
The Mozambique Channel (French: Canal du Mozambique, Malagasy: Lakandranon'i Mozambika, Portuguese: Canal de Moçambique) is an arm of the Indian Ocean located between the Southeast African countries of Madagascar and Mozambique. The channel is about 1,600 km (1,000 mi) long and 419 km (260 mi) across at its narrowest point, and reaches a depth of 3,292 m (10,800 ft) about 230 km (143 mi) off the coast of Mozambique. A warm current, the Mozambique Current, flows in a southward direction in the channel, leading into the Agulhas Current off the east coast of South Africa.
The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) defines the limits of the Mozambique Channel as follows:
- On the East. The West coast of Madagascar.
- On the West. The mainland of South Africa.
Islands in the channel
- Region of France : Mayotte (claimed by Comoros)
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands, district of Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean :
- Japanese Submarines at Madagascar and the Mozambique Channel
Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Mozambique Channel". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.